PINT (isp. pinta spot; synonym spotted sickness) — a kind of the tropical treponematoz caused by Treponema carateum. The pint is extended by hl. obr. in the tropical and subtropical countries of Central and South America, meets also in the countries of Asia and Africa.
The activator P. morphologically and serological is close to a pale treponema — the activator syphilis (see). The disease is transmitted in the contact way, and also through stings of midges and bugs. Incubation interval of 7 — 30 days. On site implementations of treponemas the papule which increases in a size (to 10 — 15 mm in the diameter) and takes the form of an erythematic disk is formed. In the next 3 — 7 months around primary center or on all body new rashes (pintida) develop, to-rye are consistently transformed to the multiple giperpigmentirovan-ny, and then depigmented spots in the beginning. The polyadenitis joins, damage of internals, bone and nervous systems is sometimes observed.
The diagnosis is established on the basis by a wedge, pictures, detection of a treponema in scrapings from rashes and positive Wassermann reaction (see. Wasserman reaction ).
Treatment is carried out by antibiotics.
Prevention consists in observance of rules of personal hygiene, early identification and treatment of patients, preventive treatment of contact persons.
Bibliography: Babayants R. S. Skin and venereal diseases of tropical countries, page 391, M., 1972; Infectious diseases of the person, under the editorship of V. M. Zhdanov, page 114, M. * 1955; To and with with both r with to and y I. A. and P l about N. I t nicknames. Diseases of tropical countries, page 186, M., 1964; Gohn E. Mai de Pinto in Mexiko, Hautarzt, Bd 14, S. 553, 1963; Dermatologie und Yenerologie, hrsg. v. H. A. Gottron u. W. Schonfeld, Bd 5, T. 2, S. 1010, Stuttgart, 1965.
A. H. Arabian.