PIGALEV Ivan Aleksandrovich (1891 — 1962) — the Soviet pathophysiologist, the doctor of medical sciences (1935), professor (1939), zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1957).
Ended medical f-t Tomsk un-that in 1920, the manager worked. hospital and surgical department in. Mythical stone Chuvash ASSR. In 1927 — 1934 the assistant, and then the manager. experimental department Leningrad in-that experimental medicine (And EM). In 1934 — 1940 the manager. experimental department of department of the general pathology of VIEM. In 1940 — 1941 and 1945 — 1948 the manager. department of the general pathology And EM. In 1941 — 1942 served in the Soviet Army, was the chief surgeon of hospital. In 1942 — 1945 and 1948 — 1951 the manager. laboratory Ying-that pathologies and therapies of intoxications (Moscow). From 1951 to 1962 the manager. laboratory Ying-that biophysics of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, in 1954 — 1958 the deputy director of it in-that.
Scientific works of I. A. Pigalev are devoted to studying of a role of a nervous system in the mechanism of development patol, processes, to questions of radiation medicine, development new fiziol. methods of a research. By it it is for the first time described a wedge, a picture and given patofiziol, the characteristic of the radiation injuries received in an experiment caused by radioactive materials (polonium, thorium, strontium) materials about changes of natural and artificial immunity at a radial illness are generalized. He offered a way of an angiostomiya by means of a skin rag and developed a method of imposing of skin cannulas on portal, hepatic veins and a pulmonary artery that allowed to obtain new data on a role of a liver and lungs in exchange processes it is normal also of pathology.
I. A. Pigalev is awarded by the Order of Lenin, two awards of the Labour Red Banner, an award of the Red Star and medals.
Works: Nervous injury and its effects, Fiziol, zhurn. USSR, t. 29, century 4, page 255, 1940; Angiostomiya by method of a skin rag, in book: Vopr, patol, and a metabolism, under the editorship of. K. M. Bykova, etc., page 13, L., 1950; Clinic of defeats by radioactive materials and questions of a pathogeny, in book: Biol, action of radiations and a klrshik of a radial illness, under the editorship of. And. Игнатьева^ page 76, M., 1954; Some questions of immunity at impact on an organism of ionizing radiation, in book: Action of radiation on an organism, page 157, M., 1955.
Bibliography: Ivan Aleksandrovich Piga-lev (To the 70 anniversary since birth), Medical radio-gramophones., t. 6, No. 12, page 84, 1961.
B. B. Moroz.