PHENOMENA Nikolay Nikolaevich (1855 — 1918) is a domestic obstetrician-gynecologist.
Graduated from the St. Petersburg medicochirurgical academy (1878).
In 1880 protected dokt. the thesis on «To the Doctrine about a Kyphotic Basin and a Rupture of a Symphysis at the Time of Delivery». Since 1882 the privatdozent of academy, and from 1885 to 1899 professor, the department chair of obstetrics and gynecology Kazan un-that. In 1899 — 1905 headed department of obstetrics and gynecology St. Petersburg women's medical in-that (nowadays the 1st Leningrad medical in-t) and at the same time was the director of an obstetrical institution.
H. N. Fenomenov offered several modifications of obstetric and gynecologic operations: a method
of perforation of the prelying head of a gtlod (see the Craniotomy), decapitation of a fruit (decapitation on the Phenom e to about in at), C to it to t of Omiya (with m), pelv and about - plastics, mending of an ureter
of vy fistulas (see the Ureter). He invented and improved a number of obstetric tools, to-rye bear his name: obstetric nippers, the perforator for a craniotomy, a spoon for excerebration, scissors for a cleidotomy (see. Obstetric and gynecologic instrumen thorium).
H. N. Fenomenov propagandized implementation in domestic medical practice of methods of an asepsis and antiseptics.
H. N. Fenomenov is the author of the guide «Operational obstetrics», a cut sustained 6 editions; many provisions of this management did not become outdated also before the present of a vrekhmena.
Works: To the doctrine about a kyphotic basin and a rupture of a symphysis at the time of delivery, a yew., SPb., 1880; 23 cases of a full vyrezyvaniye of a uterus through a vagina, the Doctor, No. 45, page 1015, No. 46, page 1049, No. 47, page 1072, 1890; Operational obstetrics, 1st prod., Kazan, 1892, 6 prod., SPb., 1910; To a question of ways of mending of urinogenital fistulas at women, the Doctor, No. 21, page 601, 1896.
Bibliography: Vlad and worlds V. and
Stolypin V. Nikolay Nikolaevich Fenomenov, Zhurn. akush. and wives. Bol., t. 17, No. 4, page 427, 1903; Historical sketch of department of obstetrics and female diseases of imperial Army medical college and the academic obstetric and gynecologic clinic connected to it, sost. V. S. Gruzdev, page 286, SPb., 1898; Stolypin V. Nikolay Nikolaevich Fenomenov, Saturday. works on akush. and ginek., under the editorship of K. Skrobansky and F. Ilyin, t. 1, page 129, Pg., 1920.
H. E. Granat, G.3. Ryabov.