PETROV Nikolay Nikolaevich (1876 — 1964) — the Soviet surgeon, the founder of oncology in the USSR, the member correspondent of AN (1939), the academician of AMH (1944), zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1935), Hera of Socialist Work (1956), winner State (1942) and Lenin (1963) awards.
In 1899 ended VMA. Underwent improvement in clinic of the prof. M. S. Subbotin In 1902 protected dokt, the thesis about tuberculosis of joints in connection with an injury. Since 1912 professor of surgical clinic Warsaw un-that, since 1913 the department chair of surgery St. Petersburg, then Leningrad in-that improvements of doctors. Along with 1926 the head organized on his initiative Leningrad oncological in-that (since 1966. Awards of the Labour Red Banner of scientific research institute of oncology M3 of the USSR of the prof. of H. N. Petrova).
H. N. Petrov published St. 300 scientific works on various questions of surgery and oncology. It made the significant contribution to development of problems of free plastics of bones, a peptic ulcer of a stomach, etc. For the monograph «Peptic Ulcer of a Stomach and 12-perstny Gut and Its Surgical Treatment» in 1942 it is conferred the State award USSR. He stated the wealth of experience of the field surgeon in the management «Treatment of military wounds» which since 1915 sustained 7 editions to this day is the reference book of military surgeons. Merits of H are especially big. N. Petrova in development of oncology as independent discipline. In 1910 its capital work «The General Doctrine about Tumours» — the Russia's first monograph about malignant tumors was published. It generalized results of the researches on induction of malignant tumors in the book «Dynamics of Emergence and Development of Malignant Growth in an Experiment on Monkeys» (1951) noted by an award of I. I. Mechnikov Academy of Sciences of the USSR. In 1963 the three-volume management «Malignant tumors» written to H was published. N. Petrov and his pupils. For a cycle of works on questions of experimental and clinical oncology it in 1963 was conferred the Lenin award. In the last years of life scientific interests of H. N. Petrova were concentrated on a problem of prevention of malignant tumors and questions of a deontology.
H. N. Petrov created big school of surgeons and oncologists. Among his pupils 14 manage department * mi surgery and oncology, 6 are academicians and corresponding members of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences.
H. N. Petrov was the honorary member Vsesoyuznogo about-va surgeons of N. I. Pirogov, Vsesoyuzny about-va oncologists, the member International about-va surgeons, the international anticarcinogenic organization, the editor were redotdet by «Surgery» of BME. Since 1955 on its initiative the Questions of Oncology magazine which editor he was until the end of life began to appear.
H. N. Petrov is awarded by three Orders of Lenin, three awards of the Labour Red Banner and medals.
Works: Experimental data to * dew about a tuberculosis of joints in connection with damages, a yew., SPb., 1902; The General doctrine about opukhblyakh, SPb., 1910, M. — L., 1926; Free plastics of bones, SPb., 1913; Treatment of contaminated wounds in the war, Pg., 1915; The Short sketch of comparative pathology of tumors at animals and the person, L., 1941; Peptic ulcer of a stomach and 12 perstny guts and its surgical treatment, L., 1941 (bus of a number of hl. and edition); Treatment of wounds, L., 1942 (bus of a number of hl. and edition); Treatment of military wounds, L;, 1945 (bus of a number of hl. and edition); Dynamics of emergence and development of malignant growth in an experiment on monkeys, M., 1951 (sovm, with other); Questions of a surgical deontology, L., 1956.
Bibliography: Nikolay Nikolaevich Petrov, Bibliographic index, sost. N. V. Smirnova, M., 1954; Cancers A. I. Rol H. N. Petrova in development of domestic surgery and oncology, Vestn, hir., t. 72, Jvft 2, page 3, 1952; With e p e of blvd. of A. I., H. N. Petrov, M., 1972; it, Nikolay Nikolaevich Petrov (To the 100 anniversary since birth), Vopr, onkol., t. 22, No. 11, page 3, 1976; X about l-dynes S. A. and Fedoreev A. S. Forty-year anniversary of the corresponding member, zasl. scientist, professor-order bearer Nikolay Nikolaevich Petrov * Vestn, hir., t. 60, No. 4, page 239, 1940.
A. I. Serebrov.