PETROVA Maria Kapitonovna (1874 — 1948) — the Soviet physiologist, professor (1935), zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1945), winner of the State award USSR (1946). Schoolgirl and employee I. P. Pavlova.
Ended in 1908. Women's medical in-t in St. Petersburg then in-that worked as the assistant to department of therapy of the same. Since 1910 the employee Ying-that experimental medicine, then Physiological in-that of I. P. Pavlov, in Krom worked until the end of life. In 1914 protected dokt, the thesis on a subject: «To the doctrine about irradiation of excitement and brake processes». C1935 for 1944 managed department of physiology and pathology of higher nervous activity of the Leningrad GIDUV.
M. K. Petrova published the St. 200 scientific works devoted to questions of physiology and pathology of century of N of. She one of the first investigated patterns of irradiation of processes of excitement and braking in a cerebral cortex; studied typological features of a nervous system of animals, problems of experimental pathology of century of N of, in particular influence of castration of animals for their century of N of; established and that experimental neurosises lead to early aging, diseases of the digestive device and other pathology; was engaged in experimental therapy of neurosises at animals drugs of bromine and caffeine. For works on physiology of century of N of it is conferred an award of I. P. Pavlov of Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1940) and the State award USSR (1946).
It is awarded the order «Sign of Honour» and medals.
Works: To the doctrine about irradiation of excitement and brake processes, a yew., SPb., 1914; Meeting of works, t. 1 — 2, M., 1953.
Bibliography: Grigoryan N. A. Works as M. K. Petrova in the field of a pathophysiology of digestion, Klin, medical, t. 32, jNg 6, page 85, 1954; Zborovskaya I. I. and Zamakhov of ER Sh. M. Maria Kapitonovna Petrova, Stalemate. fiziol, and Eksperim. ter., t. 2, No. 5, page 63, 1958.
E. A. Asratyan.