PETRISHCHEVA Polina Andreevna

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

PETRISHCHEVA Polina Andreevna (1899 — 1973) — the Soviet parasitologist, the member correspondent of AMH (1946), the winner of the State award USSR (1941). The member of the CPSU since 1941.

PETRISHCHEVA Polina Andreevna

In 1923 un-that graduated biol, from department Samara (nowadays Kuibyshev). From 1923 to 1930 — the manager. protozoan department of the Samara regional malarial station, since 1930 — the manager. department of the tropical station in Cara Calla (Turkmenistan), since 1932 — the manager. department of entomology in Tropical in-those the Turkmen SSR (nowadays Ying t of epidemiology and hygiene, Ashgabat), and since 1933 the manager. department of entomology of VIEM. Since 1946 the deputy the manager. department of parasitology, since 1954 the manager. department of natural focal infections Ying-that epidemiology and microbiology of N. F. Gamalei. In 1938 protected dokt, the thesis «About fauna, biology and ecology of mosquitoes of Central Asia». Since 1941 professor.

P. A. Petrishcheva published apprx. 400 scientific works, including 8 monographs devoted generally to studying of carriers of causative agents of natural and focal diseases, and also development of methods of prevention and fight against malaria (it developed a method of discontinuous irrigation of rice fields), leyshmanio-za, tick-borne spirokhetoza, vernal and Japanese encephalitis, mosquito fever, etc. As the closest ally of E. H. The Pavlovsk P. A. Petrishchev creatively developed his doctrine about a natural ochagovost of diseases. She headed St. 30 parazitol, expeditions to various regions of the USSR, and also to Korea and China. It revealed carriers of causative agents of the Japanese encephalitis (in the Far East), mosquito fever (in the Crimea and Turkmenistan). For a cycle of the works devoted to the Japanese encephalitis it was conferred the State award USSR. For works on mosquito fever and a leushmaniosis it is conferred an award of I. I. Mechnikov (1951), a gold medal of Academy of Sciences of the USSR of I. I. Mechnikov (1953) and a medal of memory of Gaspar Vianna (Brazil, 1963). P. A. Petrishcheva was an active popular writer of science, the author of many books, brochures, and also filmstrips and popular scientific movies on various questions of medical parasitology.

P. A. Petrishcheva was elected the member of the Central Committee of labor union of medical workers (1950 — 1953), the board member Ob-va epidemiologists, microbiologists and hygienists; was an associate editor of «Medical Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases», «Parasitology» and «Health» magazines, the editor «Biology» of the 2nd prod. redotdet. BME, member of commission of experts of VAK.

It is awarded by the Orders of Lenin (two), Labour Red Banners (two), medals.

Works: Leyshmanioza, in book: Prirodnoochagovy diseases of the person, under the editorship of E. N. Pavlovsky, page 265, M., 1960 (sovm, with other); Methods of studying and prevention of leyshmanioz and mosquito fever, M., 1961; Geography of prirodnoochagovy diseases of the person in connection with problems of their prevention, M., 1969 (a bus of a number of hl. and edition); About a natural ochagovost of a skin leushmaniosis, Bulletin WHO, t. 44, No. 4, page 574, 1972.

Bibliography: Pavlovsky E. N and Talyzin F. F. To the 25 anniversary of scientific and public work of the corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences P. A. Petrishcheva, Vestn. USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, No. 2, page 54, 1950; Polina Andreevna Petrishcheva (To the 70 anniversary since birth), Zhurn, mikr., epid, and immun., No. 11, page 150, 1969; Development of parasitological science in Turkmenistan, under the editorship of I. M. Grokhovskaya and M. A. Meledzhayeva, page 35, Ashgabat, 1979; With and f I am a N about in V. M. and Grokhovskaya I. M. To Polina Andreevna Petrishcheva's (1899 — 1973) 80 anniversary, Medical parazitol., t. 48, No. 3, page 81, 1979.

D. N. Zasukhin.