PETERS Rudolf (Peters Rudolph, sort. in 1889) — the English biochemist.
Ended in 1914. Royal college in Cambridge. Since 1919 the doctor of medicine; in 1923 — 1954 professor of biochemistry in Oxford un-those, at the same time (1946 — 1963) professor of biochemistry of a number of high fur boots of the USA (St. Louis, New York) and Great Britain (Cambridge). In 1954 — 1959 headed biochemical department of Council of page - x. researches Ying-that zoophysiologies (Cambridge); from 1958 to 1961 — the president of the International council scientific about - century.
Scientific works of R. Peters are devoted to studying of a role of hemoglobin in breath and to value of intracellular structures in functional disturbances of a cell; it found also out the mechanism of action of a ftoratsetat and toxic effect of drugs of copper on enzymes of microsomes of a brain. R. Peters showed that disturbance of catalytic action of piruvatoksidazny system is connected with a lack of thiamin (oryzamin) of foodstuff and is followed by emergence patol, the changes in an organism characteristic of avitaminosis of Vkh. It carried out synthesis of the antidote of the lewisite which entered practice and received the name BALL (the British anti-lewisite).
R. Peters is the member London Royal about-va (1935), the honorary member of many foreign academies of Sciences, scientific about-in and high fur boots.
Works: Biochemical lesions and lethal synthesis, Oxford — L., 1963: Biochemical lesion in thiamine deficiency, in book: Thiamine deficiency, ed. by G. E. Wolstenholme, p. 1, L., 1967: The biochemical lesion and its historical development, Brit. med. Bull., v. 25, p. 223, 1969.
Bibliography: Thompson R. H. S. Sir Rudolph Peters, Brit. med. Bull., v. 25, p. 222, 1969.
A. G. Hvoles.