PÄRNU — the climatic and mud resort in the Estonian SSR. It is located in 129 km from Tallinn on the bank of the Pärnu gulf of the Baltic Sea. Functions since 1838.
Climate of the resort seaside, summer moderately warm (average temperature of July 17 °) with dominance of wet slightly overcast weather, winter soft (average temperature of February — 6 °). Number of hours of sunshine for a year 1730, an amount of precipitation of 540 mm. Relative annual average humidity of 85%.
Water temperature in a bay during a season of sea bathings (from the middle of June till September) 17 — 21 ° that is much higher, than in other seaside resorts of Baltics. Melkopes the chany beach, extent to-rogo reaches 2 km, is protected from cold winds by the big park with dominance of coniferous trees.
The main to lay down. factors are: climate; the sulphidic silt sea mud (delivered from the gulf Haapsalu), which is characterized by high humidity (to 79%) and the content of the general hydrogen sulfide (0,02%); sea bathings. For drinking treatment use chloride sodium waters of Vyarsk and Hyayademeeste, poured in bottles.
The resort policlinic, balneofizioterapevtichesky association functions, there are specialized sanatoria. On the basis of sanatorium Estonia works department of balneology Ying-that experimental and clinical medicine of M3 of ESSR.
Indications: diseases of cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system, nervous system, digestive organs, female genital.
Contraindications — see. Sanatorium selection .
Bibliography: Health resorts of labor unions, under the editorship of I. I. Kozlov, page 583, M., 1979; The Resorts of the USSR, under the editorship of S. V. Kurashov, etc., page 717, M., 1962; Tokht A. Kurort of Pärnu, the lane with eston., Tallinn, 1979.
V. V. Poltoranov.