OBROSOV Pavel Nikolaevich

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

OBROSOV Pavel Nikolaevich (1880 — 1943) — the Soviet surgeon, the participant of revolutionary movement, one of organizers of the Soviet health care, professor (1922). The member of the CPSU since 1902.

OBROSOV Pavel Nikolaevich

In 1902 arrived on medical f-t Tomsk un-that. For revolutionary activity repeatedly was exposed to arrests and imprisonment. Since 1905 the member of the Tomsk committee of RSDRP(b). In 1911 ended Tomsk un-t and worked as the laboratory assistant, and then the assistant in hospital surgical clinic at the prof. P. I. of T of an ikhov. In 1914 protected dokt, the thesis about a removable seam on a bladder at a high lithotomy; it is mobilized in army where continued to be engaged in revolutionary activity. In 1917 the chairman of the board of national health and the head vra-chebno - sanitary department at the Tomsk Council of working and soldier's deputies. In 1918 it was arrested by Kolchak soldiers and it is sentenced to execution, but left the hostage. In 1919 it is released from the Irkutsk prison by the risen workers. Since 1920 the manager. Sibzdravom and utsolnomochenny Narkomzdrava of RSFSR on the organization of resorts in Siberia. With its participation the network was created to lay down. points, sanitary inspection rooms, tubas. and veins. clinics, SES, institutions on protection of motherhood and an infancy; recovery and reconstruction of resorts were at the same time carried out (Belokurikha, Pine-forest, Darasun, etc.). On its initiative medical f-t Irkutsk un-that (1919) and medical in-t in Omsk (1920) were open, in Krom he held a position of the prof. of department of operational surgery. From 1923 to 1927 headed to lay down. commission of the All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) of the Central Committee and lechebnosanitarny management of the Kremlin: at the same time deputy chief of resort management of the National commissariat of health care of RSFSR.

From 1927 to 1937 the department chair of operational surgery and topographical anatomy medical f-that Moscow un-that (since 1930 the 1st MMI) and at the same time (1927 — 1931) director Ying-that ambulance of Sklifosovsky.

P. N. Obrosov is the author of a number of scientific works; including 2 monographs and the textbook devoted to surgery of urinogenital bodies, a musculoskeletal system, surgical professional pathology. Among his pupils there are surgeons and topografoanatoma I. S. Zhorov, M. A. Bubnov, etc.



Works: To a question of a removable seam of a bladder — sectio alta, a yew., Tomsk, 1914; Surgery of a shoulder girdle, M., 1930; Specialty surgery, century 1 — 2, M., 1935 (bus of a number of hl. and an edition sovm, with Bogoraz N. A.); Surgery of diseases of urinogenital system, M., 1936.

Bibliography: Kovanov V. V., P. N. Obrosov, M., 1980.


V. V. Kovanov, T. I. Anikina.

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