OBROSOV Alexander Nikolaevich (sort. in 1895) — the Soviet physiotherapist and the balneologist, the member correspondent of AMH (1957), zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1960) and Uzbek SSR (1969).
In 1925 ended medical f-t of 1 MSU, worked in the same place at department of physical therapy, then in TsIU and since 1934 in Ying-those physical therapy; in 1951 — 1958 the director of it in-that. Since 1958 the deputy director by a scientific part, and since 1973 the consultant Central research in-that balneology and physical therapy of M3 of the USSR. Since 1948 the doctor of medical sciences and professor. Since 1951 — hl. physiotherapist of M3 of the USSR.
A. N. Obrosov published apprx. 250 scientific works, including 18 monographs, the managements and the reference media, generally concerning the theory of a reflex effect of physical factors on an organism, preferential use in to lay down. process of rather small doses of energy of the influencing physical factor, idea of specific reactions of an organism to action of various physical factors. It laid the foundation for development of methods of complex use of preformirovanny and natural physical factors in a dignity. - hens. treatment, acted as the initiator and more than 50 electrophototherapic devices were a participant of development of the original domestic physiotherapeutic equipment, including.
A. N. Obrosov is chairman of the board Vsesoyuznogo about-va physiotherapists and balneologists (since 1950), the honorary member of foreign countries, scientific about-in a row, the editor-in-chief of a redotdel «Balneology and physical therapy» of BME.
It is awarded by two awards of the Labour Red Banner, the award «Sign of Honour» and medals.
Works: New techniques and devices in electrotherapies, a yew., M., 1946; Modern ideas of action on an organism of physical medical factors, Works of the 7th nauch. ses., it is devoted. to the 40 anniversary Center, nauch. - issled, in-that fizich. methods of treatment, page 19, Simferopol, 1955; About modern theoretical fundamentals of physical therapy, Vestn. USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, No. 10, page 7, 1958; Electrodiagnosis and electrostimulation of muscles at defeat of the neuromuscular device, M., 1963 (sovm, with Liventsevy N. M.); The Main mechanisms of medical action of resort and physiotherapeutic factors at cardiovascular diseases, Vestn. USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, No. 4, page 79, 1970; Reference book on physical therapy, M., 1976 (bus of a number of hl. and edition).
Bibliography: A. N. Obrosov (To the 80 anniversary since birth), Vopr, kurortol., fi-zioter., L» 5, page 471, 1975; J a n k about - w i a k J. Prof. doctor nauk medicznvch A. N. Obrosow, Wiad. Uzdrowisk., L& 1 S. 83, 1964.
V. T. Olefirenko