OATH OF THE DOCTOR OF THE SOVIET UNION — the solemn (oath) promise, a cut according to article 13 of Bases of the legislation of USSR and federal republics
about health care the citizens of the USSR who graduated the highest medical educational institutions and medical faculties of universities and entitled the doctor bring. The text of the oath is approved by the Decree of Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR No. 1364-VIII of March 26, 1971.
The oath obliges doctors to be guided in all the actions by the principles of communistic morals and always to remember high calling of Soviet doctor (see) and its responsibility to the people and Soviet state. It defines the main ethical and deontological principles of professional activity of the Soviet doctor which shall be carried out inseparably for the benefit of doctoring (see. Deontology medical ).
Since ancient times imposed specific moral requirements to the people who are going in for medicine. Special fame was gained by the precepts stated in well-known «Hippocratic Oath» (see. Hippocrates oath ) and its treatise «About the Doctor». «Hippocratic Oath» exerted a great influence on development of medical ethics in general (see. Ethics in medicine ). This results from the fact that the majority of its provisions expressed humane essence of a medical profession. Afterwards graduates of many European medical educational institutions signed «The faculty promise», moral precepts of «Oath» and other works of Hippocrates were the basis to-rogo. In 1948 in Geneva a little changed «Faculty promise» was accepted the World association of doctors and began to be called «The Geneva oath».
In Russia in the second half of 19 century the faculty promise of the doctor reflecting Hippocrates's ideas and spirit of public medicine is also created. The students ending medical f-you the Russian high fur boots made such promise. Its text was located on a reverse side of the diploma.
According to the provision on an order of bringing of the oath of the doctor of the Soviet Union graduates of medical higher education institutions it is in a festive atmosphere oath promise fidelity to this oath to carry by through all the life. Adoption of the oath comes to the end with execution of the National anthem of the USSR and the National anthem of the federal republic. The text of the oath is signed by the person who took the oath and is stored in his personal record. The text of the oath printed on the special form also invests in the diploma.
Introduction of the law on the oath of the doctor of the Soviet Union as state act has great educational value.
Oath of the doctor of the Soviet Union
Receiving a high rank of the doctor and starting profession of a physician, I solemnly swear:
to devote all knowledge and forces to protection and improvement of health of the person, treatment and the prevention of diseases, to work honestly where it is demanded by interests of society;
to be always ready to provide medical care, to treat attentively and carefully the patient, to keep a medical secret;
it is constant to improve the medical knowledge and medical skill, to promote the work to development of medical science and practice;
to address if it is demanded by interests of the patient, behind council to companions by profession and most never to refuse to them council and the help;
to protect and develop noble traditions of domestic medicine, in all the actions to be guided by the principles of communistic morals, always to remember high calling of the Soviet doctor, responsibility to the People and the Soviet state.
Fidelity I swear to this oath to carry by through all the life.
From additional materials
In 1980 at the initiative of the Soviet and American scientists-physicians the movement «Doctors of the World for Prevention of Nuclear War» was organized, the paramount purpose to-rogo is the aspiration not to allow nuclear catastrophe, to keep life on Earth. National committees of the international movement which gained recognition of WHO, International non-governmental commission on disarmament and many other institutions and the organizations work in many countries of the world.
Within the international movement the Soviet committee «Doctors for Prevention of Nuclear War» carries out huge scientific and educational work, making a powerful contribution to business of the prevention of nuclear catastrophe.
Considering an important role of doctors in fight for peace, for prevention of nuclear war and a wish of the Soviet medical public, the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR decided on November 15, 1983: «To add part one of the text of the oath of the doctor of the Soviet Union approved by the Decree of Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR of March 26, 1971, the paragraph the seventh the following contents: understanding
danger which is represented by nuclear weapon for mankind, to struggle constantly for peace, for prevention nuclear voyng1» (Sheets of the Supreme Council of the USSR, 1983 No. 47, Art. 722).
The offer to add national and international oaths and codes about a professional ethical duty of the doctor with point obliging physicians to fight against nuclear catastrophe was made by the III International congress «Doctors of the world for prevention of nuclear war» (June, 1983, Amsterdam). bb. F. Isakov, A. V. Mayorov.
Yu. F. Isakov, A. V. Mayorov.