From Big Medical Encyclopedia

NOGUCHI Hideyo (Noguchi Hideyo, 1876 — 1928) — the Japanese microbiologist.


In 1897 graduated from the Tokyo medical college and was entitled the doctor of medicine then worked in the Tokyo main thing state-fed e, Ying-those infectious diseases, in scientific in-ta in Washington and Copenhagen till 1904, then until the end of life in Rock Feller medical research institute in New York. Died in Zap. To Africa, having caught yellow fever during necropsy.

Main works of X. Are devoted by Noguchi to problems of syphilis, yellow fever, rage, trachoma.

The technique of cultivation of a pale treponema developed by it allowed to prove a syphilitic etiology of a general paralysis and tabes. He offered an original way of diagnosis of syphilis by means of skin allergic reaction with a diagnosticum lyuetiny and the modified Wassermann reaction. He was engaged also in studying of snake poisons, acid resisting bacteria, anaerobe bacterias; development of methods of cultivation leptospir; searches of causative agents of fever of Oroya widespread in South America, and children's paralysis. X. Noguchi is offered a method of receiving the cleared smallpox detritis and properties, bactericidal in relation to the causative agent of tuberculosis, nek-ry unsaturated fat to - t are open.

Works: Snake venoms, Washington, 1909; Laboratory diagnosis of syphilis, L., 1923; Experimental studies of yellow fever in northern Brazil, Monogr. Rockefeller Inst, med. Res., No. 20, N. Y., 1924; The etiology of trachoma, J. exp. Med., v. 48, suppl. 2, p. 1, 1928.

Bibliography: Bron T. Dr. Hydeyo Noguchi, Gigabyte. and epid., JVa 7, page 138, 1928; Zlatogorov S. I. Memories of Hideyo Noguchi, Profilakt. medical, No. 8, page 149, 1928; Hideyo Noguchi, Brit. med. J., v. 1, p. 961, 1928; Hydeyo Noguchi — the tempestuous microbiologist, J. Amer. med. Ass., v. 183, p. 134, 1963.

G. P. Belikov.