NEW ATHOS — the climatic seaside resort of a zone of humid subtropics in the Georgian SSR on the bank of the Black Sea. It is located in 18 km to S.-E. from the capital of the Abkhaz ASSR Sukhumi on the bank of a small bay at the height of 50 — 600 m over at river of m in the coastal mountains covered with the century wood. The resort began to function in 1932.
Climate of humid subtropics: summer warm (average monthly temperature in June 23,2 °), solar, days with the increased air humidity are frequent (to 75 — 80%); winter terly (average monthly temperature in January 6 °), soft. The best season — fall. An amount of precipitation apprx. 1400 mm a year. In the summer rains, preferential storm, happen usually at night. Number of hours of sunshine in a year 2240.
The main to lay down. factors: climate, sea bathings, aerogeliotherapy. A swimming season from a half of May to a half of October, temperature of sea water in the summer on average 23 °. The bioclimatic station functions. There is kardiol, a sanatorium, resort policlinic with a balneary, boarding house, rest houses, tourist center.
In the neighborhood of the resort gardens of olives and lemons are located. Ruins in coastal mountains of ancient fortifications, an acropolis, the temple on the Iversky mountain draw attention. Local falls, shady gorges and slopes, «swallow's nest» are beautiful, the well-known New Athos caves are popular.
Indications: diseases of cardiovascular system with a circulatory unefficiency are not higher than the I degree and a respiratory organs of not tubercular character.
Contraindications — see. Sanatorium selection, table .
Bibliography: Health resorts of labor unions of the USSR, under the editorship of I. I. Kozlov, page 511, M., 1979; The Resorts of the USSR, under the editorship of S. V. Kurashov, etc., page 581, M., 1962.
A. P. Speransky.