MOTHERWORT cordial [Leonurus cardiaca L.; synonym: motherwort ordinary, motherwort five-bladed, L. cardiaca, L. subsp. villosus (Desf.) Jav., L. quinquelobatus Gilib.] — a perennial herbaceous plant 50 — 200 cm high with the tetrahedral trimmed stalk this. yasnotkovy (Lamiaceae), or mint family (Labiatae). Leaves are opposite, petiolar, softly pilar; lower — three - five-bladed or separate, with wide oblong gear shares, with the heart-shaped basis; stem leaves oblong and elliptic, three-blade, gradually becoming simpler and in an inflorescence — lanceolate, gear. Flowers small, pink, are collected by dense opposite semi-verticils in bosoms of upper leaves and form a long apical preryvny kolosovidny inflorescence. The item cordial is eurysynusic almost by all European part of the USSR; grows absent-mindedly, sometimes forms thickets on weed places and waste grounds, at the edges of fields. near roads and housing.
As medicinal raw materials use tops of bloomers up to 40 cm long (Herba Leonuri). P.'s grass cordial contains flavanols (meletin) and their glycosides (Rutinum, kvinkvelozid), r-coumaric to - that, alkaloid stachydrine (0,4%), is a little tanning agents (to 2%), saponins, traces of essential oil, carotene and redoxon.
From P.'s grass cordial prepare infusions (1: 10) and tincture (1: 5). Infusion is appointed inside on 1 table, by l. 3 — 4 times a day.
Tincture of a motherwort (Tinctura Leonuri) — transparent liquid of greenish-brown color with bitterish taste and a slight smell.
Appoint 30 — 50 drops 3 — 4 times a day as sedative at neurotic states, cardiovascular neurosises, in an early stage of an idiopathic hypertensia.
Form of release tinctures of a motherwort: in bottles on 25 ml.
See also Medicinal plants .
Bibliography: Muravyeva D. A. A pharmacognosy (with fundamentals of biochemistry of medicinal plants), page 588, M., 1978; Turova A. D. Medicinal plants of the USSR and their use, page 64, M., 1974.
D. A. Muravyeva.