MERKULOV Ivan Iosifovich (sort. in 1897) — the Soviet ophthalmologist, the member correspondent of AMH (1946), the honored worker of science of USSR (1956).
After the termination in 1921. Kharkiv medical in-that worked at department of eye diseases of it in-that. In 1927 — 1928 was in a scientific business trip in Germany. In 1929 — 1941 the manager. experimental department of Eye hospital of Girshman and consultant-oftalmo-log Kharkiv X-ray oncological in-that. In 1940 protected dokt, the thesis on a subject about malignant new growths of an orbit. Professor since 1940. In days of the Great Patriotic War — the prof. of department of eye diseases Frunze medical in-that. From 1944 to 1973 the department chair of eye diseases of Ukrainian in-that improvements of doctors (Kharkiv), along with 1946 the director of the Ukrainian scientific research institute of ophthalmology of L. L. Girshman (Kharkiv).
I. I. Merkulov is the author of St. 150 scientific works, including 7 monographs. Its largest works are devoted fiziol, optics, neuroophthalmology and an oftalmoonkologiya. To them it is proved that Dark adaptation exerts a great influence on an optical chronaxia. I. I. Merkulov's researches about humoral shifts in a retina during the lighting and blackout of eyes allowed it to establish a role of a factor of nervous excitement (mediators) in the zritelnonervny act. By it it is studied Ophthalmolum, symptomatology at tumors and abscesses of a brain, at traumatic, inf. and vascular diseases of c. N of page; devices are designed: the universal adaptometer allowing to make a local adaptometriya; a kinemapupillograf for exact registration of a pupillary test, a manual slit lamp.
It one of pioneers of an oftalmorentgenoterapiya. It developed nek-ry methods of early diagnosis of malignant new growths of an eye and an orbit, features of their current and ways of treatment are studied.
From 1949 to 1973 he is the permanent chairman Kharkiv Ophthalmolum. about-va, the board member Vsesoyuznogo and All-Ukrainian Ophthalmolum, about - century.
It is awarded by the Order of Lenin, an award of the Labour Red Banner and medals.
Works: About influence rentgeno-and radio beams approximately, Vestn, oftalm., t. 8, century 6, page 836, 1936; The Roentgenotherapy of tumors in the field of the Turkish saddle, in the same place, t. 9, century 2, page 134, 1936; Malignant new growths of an orbit, Kharkiv, 1940; Eye and diencephalohypophysal area, Works Uke. nauch. - issled, in-that oftalm., t. 4, page 67, Kharkiv, 1947; Intermittent congestive nipples at tumors of a brain, Vopr, neyrokhir., t. 19, JSfi 1, page 13, 1955; Vascular nevrooftalmologiche-sky syndromes, in book: Vopr, nevro-oftalm., under the editorship of I. I. Merkulov, t. 4, page 5, Kharkiv, 1959; Oculomotor device and disturbance of its activity, in the same place, t. 5, page 5, Kharkiv, 1960.
Bibliography: Ivan Iosifovich Merkulov (To the 70 anniversary since birth), Vestn, oftalm., No. 4, page 94, 1967; Career of Ivan Iosifovich Merkulov, Oftalm. zhurn., No. 5, page 259, 1957.
I. N. Miller.