CHAMBER MEDICAL, hospital chamber — the room, in Krom patients spend the most part of time during treatment in a hospital, P. are subdivided by m into chambers of the general profile and specialized in cardiological, gastroenterological, pulmonary, traumatologic and other departments. They differ with the contingent of patients, at 1 bed area in size, equipment and the equipment, a dignity. - a gigabyte. features, etc. Chambers are most extended to 4 — 6 beds; for seriously ill patients are provided 1 — 2-bed chambers.
A certain number of chambers of various bed capacity together with service and auxiliary premises make hospital section, edges is expected 30 beds, and for children till 1 year — 24 beds. On the construction norms and rules operating in the USSR (SNIP-N — 69 — 78) in hospital section multi-profile for adults 60% of chambers on 4 beds, 20% — on 2 and not less than 20% — one-bed would be designed; at the same time norms of the squares at 1 bed in chambers on 2 beds and more (tab.) are regulated.
&Tablitsanbsp; NORMY SQUARE AT ONE BED IN MEDICAL CHAMBERS ON 2 BEDS AND MORE, &vnbsp; m &2nbsp; (on construction norms and the rules Construction Norms and Regulations-11 — 69 — 78).
Norm of the square at 1 hospital bed in one-bed P. of m — 9 m 2 . Air volume in chambers (regardless of number of beds) shall be in limits of 40 — 50 m 3 on 1 patient.
At internal finishing of P. of m (the choice of color of walls, furniture etc.) is recommended to consider the contingent of patients, specifics of work of medical staff, natural and artificial lighting, to try to obtain creation not only the specific medical, but also brought closer to house conditions situation. Gigabyte. P.'s standards of m are differentiated for each construction climatic zone (see. Hospital construction ).
In many-tsakh on 500 beds and more for adult and St. 300 beds for children chambers of an intensive care at the rate of 2 — 3 beds on each 100 beds of a statsnonar will be organized, to-rye are a part of departments of anesthesiology and resuscitation. In a number of BC for continuous observation and carrying out to lay down. actions so-called chambers of intensive observation for seriously ill patients with a myocardial infarction, a stroke, etc., equipped with the corresponding medical equipment, staffed by specially trained medical staff will be organized. In receptions of large BCs there are resuscitation chambers (boxes) for rendering the emergency help at disturbance of the vital functions of an organism.
For full isolation inf. patients in inf.-tsakh and inf. departments of BC of the general profile, and also get a job in children's departments boxes (see) and the boxed chambers intended for patients with homogeneous infections (see. Infectious diseases hospital ). For treatment of patients in aseptic conditions sterile chambers are equipped (see. Chamber sterile ).
Item of m modern hospitals (see) are equipped with the all-hospital equipment: medical beds (special), bedside tables, little tables for feeding of patients, bedstands, chairs, etc. In nek-ry P. of m there are individual radio receiving stations, an eyeliner of oxygen, the alarm system for a call of medical staff, and sometimes phone. One - two-bed chambers are, as a rule, equipped with a bathroom.
Chambers of nek-ry departments of BC (e.g., traumatologic, radiological, for patients with poliomyelitis, etc.) have the special equipment: devices for treatment of changes, blocks and l an eye holders, lead blocks, etc. A set of the medical and special equipment is established depending on a profile of chambers, and their quantity — from number of beds in chamber according to the existing sheet of the equipment of hospitals and policlinics.
Bibliography: Bases of the organization of the stationary help in the USSR, under the editorship of A. G. Safonov and E. A. Loginova, M., 1976; Design of hospitals, under the editorship of A. G. Safonov, M., 1977; The Guide to social hygiene and the organization of health care, under the editorship of N. A. Vinogradov, t. 2, page 84, M., 1974; Freud l and S. Ya. Organization's N of work of a hospital of a municipal hospital, JI., 1960, bibliogr.
V. V. Kirillov.