market, hygienic requirements

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

MARKET — specially equipped place intended for collective-farm, state and cooperative trade.

Depending on the number of trade places of R. divide into two categories: River of local value (150 — 300 trade places) and R. of city value (600 — 1200 trade places).

On architectural planning solution P. happen open, closed and combined. For year-round trade in districts with a frigid, temperate and hot arid climate construction of the covered R., the expert by roast wet — opened and combined is recommended.

Rubles build on not boggy area having a bias towards the economic yard and which is well aerated. R.'s arrangement near the sanitary protection zone of the industrial enterprises and treatment facilities is not allowed. R.'s territory and access roads shall be asphalted or paved and planted trees and shrubs. Rubles fence, the metal gauze, etc. R.'s territory is differentiated on the separate interconnected zones: premarket, trade, economic.

The river includes trade, warehouse, sanitary and control, household, refrigerating, technical and office buildings and rooms, and also platforms for trade in the open air. The sizes of the platform for sale of products from cars, carts and trade in the live cattle and a bird are determined by number of trade places at the rate on 1 supply of 12 — 15 sq.m; on the car 20 — 22 sq.m; on 1 head of cattle of 6 sq.m, small — 3 zh2; birds — 1,5 lg on 5 pieces.

Trading floors shall have the minimum bias towards special ladders for water drainage. Width of pass between separate malls shall be not less than 4 m, internal transitions between tables counters of 2 m; pass for sellers along a counter of 1,35 — 1,5 m. Trade tables counters shall have height of 0.8 m and width of 0,75 m with a length of workplace of 1,5 m.

In trading floors of R. do window leaves, transoms and positive-pressure ventilation. Frequency rate of air exchange not less than 1,5 (on an extract). Air temperature in the trading floor during the trading day at the height of 1,5 m from the level of a floor +12 °. humidity of 55 — 60%.

For creation of favorable light climate the coefficient of natural lighting of trading floors is recommended to accept 0,75 — 1,5. At artificial lighting the minimum illumination of the covered trading floors at fluorescent lamps of 300 lx, at filament lamps of 150 lx.

In warehouse of R. there have to be waterproof walls, floors, to-rye do of the materials which are easily giving in to simple cleaning, washing, disinfection. The certain room for storage of products, doubtful on quality, to the solution of a question of their implementation is provided in warehouses.

In the collective-farm markets it is forbidden to trade in alcoholic beverages of all types, salty and marinated mushrooms of house preparation, fish, duck and goose eggs, medicinal plants. Sale of foodstuff is allowed only after check according to veterinary health regulations. For sale of the live cattle and other animals, and also a live bird on R. in coordination with bodies of sanitary and veterinary supervision the special isolated sites are allocated.

In the territory of the markets equip the public bathrooms remote from trade places on distance not less than 25 m for channeled and 50 m for not channeled settlements.

Importance for observance a dignity. requirements of R. regular cleaning and the correct organization of collecting and waste disposal from trade, warehouse and other rooms, from R.'s territory, and also observance such has a dignity. requirements to terms of trade, as differentiation of trade by types of products, the organization of control of quality of foodstuff meat-and-milk and food control stations (see), observance of rules of personal hygiene by permanent staff of R. and the collective farmers trading on the River.

Sanitary inspection (see) for R. workers of SES in the location of R.

See also carry out Sanitary and epidemiologic station .

Bibliography: Sikharulidze V. I. A grant on design of modern types of the markets, Tbilisi, 1976.

Yu. D. Gubernsky, D. I. Ismailova.