LACHAPELLE Mari (Lacnapelle Marie Louise, 1769 — 1822) — the French midwife. Studied obstetrics at the mother, the senior midwife in the Parisian Hotel Dieu. Since 1797 began to work as the senior midwife. in the newly opened «Hospice de la maternite» which later was called as «Maison d'accouchement» which was headed by the famous fr. obstetrician J. Baudelocque who assigned to M. LaChapelle a practical training with pupils in this establishment.
On the basis of observations over 5000 childbirth M. LaChapelle created the guide to practical obstetrics in three volumes from which two last were published after her death. In this management rational offers on rendering obstetric care at various patol, currents of a childbed are given. The way of release of the subsequent head at pelvic presentation is connected with her name the most accepted and nowadays (Moriso's way — Levre — LaChapelle).
Works: Pratique des accouchements, ou tyo-moires et observations choisies, sur les points les plus importants de l’art, t. 1—3, P., 1821 — 1825.
Bibliography: Lakhtin M. Yu. Short biographic dictionary of the famous doctors of all times, page 54, SPb., 1902; Bio-graphisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Arzte, hrsg. v*. A. Hirsch, Bd 3, S. 642, B. — Wien, 1931.