KUVSHINNIKOV Pyotr Afanasyevich (1889 — 1954) — the Soviet sanitary statistician, the academician of AMH (1945).
In 1914 ended medical f-t Moscow un-that. Since 1918 the first manager. department of statistics Narkomzdrava of RSFSR, the expert of 1924 worked in section of social diseases of Mosgorzdravotdel. Since 1935 the prof. of the USSR's first department of sanitary statistics of the 1st MMI; since 1939 the research supervisor of Scientific and methodical bureau of sanitary statistics Narkomzdrava, and then the Ministries of Health of RSFSR. In 1946 — 1954 the manager. department dignity. statistics Ying-that organizations of health care and history of medicine of N. A. Semashko (nowadays All-Union research in-t of social hygiene and organization of health care of N. A. Semashko M3 of the USSR).
P. A. Kuvshiinikov published the St. 60 scientific works devoted to statistical researches about distribution and dynamics of tuberculosis, veins. diseases, incidence of the working Moscow industrial enterprises. He directed a number of large researches on demographic statistics, statistics of incidence and on physical. to development, participated in the IV review of the nomenclature and classification of diseases, developed bases of use of a statistical method in clinic. Its scientific research promoted development of the theory and practice Soviet a dignity. statistics, especially statistics of tuberculosis, incidence of the working industrial enterprises, use of statistics in clinic. In days of the Great Patriotic War he promoted the organization of military and sanitary statistics, after war participated in works on statistical processing of the materials which entered the work «Experience of the Soviet Medicine in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 — 1945.
Under its management 9 dissertations, from them one doctor's are prepared and defended.
P. A. Kuvshinnikov consisted the permanent member of the Central sanitary and statistical commission of M3 of the USSR.
It is awarded by the Orders of Lenin, the Red Star and medals.
Works: Social diseases in the Moscow province, M., 1926 (sovm, with Kurkin P. I.); Incidence of the Moscow industrial workers in 1925 — 27, in book: Incidence of 1925 — 28 insured in the industry of Moscow and the Moscow region, page 37, M., 1929; The Statistical method in clinical trials, M., 1955.
Bibliography: Notkin E. L. Activity and P. A. Kuvshinnikov's creativity, Gigabyte. and dignity., No. 4, page 55, 1965; P. A. Kuvshinnikov's Memory, Owls. zdravookhr., No. 2, page 62, 1954.
E. N. Kudryavtseva.