KURSHAKOV Nikolay Aleksandrovich (1886 — 1973) — the Soviet therapist, the member correspondent of AMH (1953), zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1947), winner of the Lenin award (1963), colonel of medical service.
In 1910 ended VMA and it was left at department of the diagnosis directed by M. V. Yanovsky. In 1912 protected dokt, the thesis on a subject about clinical observations over blood circulation at people with the increased and standard temperature of a body at natural conditions and under the influence of antipyretics (aspirin). In 1918 — 1924 teacher of department of diagnosis and general therapy of VMA. Since 1925 the department chair of propaedeutics of internal diseases Voronezh un-that. In 1935 — 1942 and in 1945 — 1950 the prof. and the manager. hospital therapeutic clinic of MONICA; in 1942 — 1943 and in 1950 — 1951 the prof. of department of hospital therapy of the 1st MMI. At the same time in 1945 — 1947 of hl. therapist of M3 of the USSR. In 1946 the expert on the Nuremberg process. In the next years headed work on studying of a radial illness of the person.
N. A. Kurshakov published St. 150 scientific works, including 5 monographs; he is the author of certain heads in textbooks and the guides to diagnosis of diseases warmly - vascular system. The most part of works of N. A. Kushakov is devoted to cardiology and questions of treatment of a radial illness, and also a pathogeny and treatment of an idiopathic hypertensia, rheumatism, pathology went. - kish. path and liver, resort therapy. It one of the first in the USSR applied in clinic a method of an arterial puncture to a research of blood gases. In domestic literature it introduced the concept «fabric hypoxia» at diseases of respiratory and cardiovascular systems for the first time.
Under the leadership of N. A. Kurshakov it is protected apprx. 40 theses, including 15 doctor's. He was board member Vsesoyuznogo and Moscow about-in therapists, the chairman Moscow about-va therapists, the member of presidium of Vsesoyuzny about-va therapists, the honorary member Ob-va of therapists of the Moscow Region, the member of editorial council of magazines «Clinical Medicine», «Therapeutic Archive», «Cardiology», «Bulletin of Radiation Medicine», the editor of a redotdel «Internal diseases» in 2 prod. BME.
It is awarded by the Orders of Lenin (two), Red Banners, Patriotic war of the I degree, the Red Star and medals.
Works: Clinical observations over blood circulation at people with the increased and standard temperature of a body at natural conditions and under the influence of febrifugal (aspirin), a yew., SPb., 1912; About peripheral arterial heart, M. — L., 1930; Blood circulation normal and pathological, Voronezh, 1933, Sverdlovsk, 1947; Acute radial illness, M., 1956; Allergic diseases of peripheral vessels, M., 1962; The Radial illness, Mnogotomn, the management on vnutr. Bol., under the editorship of A. L. Myasnikov, t.10, page 213, M., 1963; Blood circulation is normal also of pathology, M., 1969 (sovm, with Pressman L. P.).
Bibliography: To and r e e in M. P., N. A. Kurshakov (to the 90 anniversary since birth), Klin, medical, t. 54, No. 1, page 145, 1976; N. A. Kurshakov (to the 70 anniversary since birth), in the same place, t. 34, No. 3, page 3, 1956; Nikolay Aleksandrovich Kurshakov (To the 80 anniversary since birth), Rubbed. arkh., t. 38, No. 3, page 3, 1966.
A. K. Guskova.