KUMMEL Herman (Kummell Hermann, 1852 — 1937) — the German surgeon, professor (1919).
In 1876 ended medical f-t Berlin un-that, then city would work in Berlin. In 1880 moved to Hamburg where since 1895 there was a hl. doctor-tsy Hamburg-Eppendorf. In 1919 headed department of surgery and was the first dean medical f-that and the rector Hamburg un-that.
G. Kyummell took part in the development of methods of antiseptics and an asepsis which appeared during his surgical activity. Range of its scientific research is extremely wide: he offered the operation called by his name at prolapse of the rectum (see); described a traumatic spondylitis, a so-called disease of Kyummell — is more true — the late necrosis of a body of a vertebra which is not distinguished right after injuring (see. Kyummellya disease ). G. Kyummell published a number of scientific works about tuberculosis of a peritoneum, a parapleuritis, intestinal impassability, an acute appendicitis, surgery of a gall bladder and bilious ways, diseases of a bladder and prostate, and also on neurosurgery (diseases and injuries of a head and spinal cord), heart surgeries and aortic aneurysms. He developed X-ray contrast researches of kidneys and uric ways. Together with A. Bir and G. Brown made the capital guide to operational surgery.
Works: Zur Operation der Geschwiilste des Wirbeleanals, Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir, Bd 50, S. 452, 1895; t)ber die trau-matischen Erkrankungen der Wirbelsaiile, Dtsch, med. Wschr., S. 180, 1895; Erfahrun-gen tiber 1000 Operationen der Appendicitis, ibid., S. 617, 1905; Krankheiten der Harnblase, Handb, prakt. Med., hrsg. v. W. Ebstein u. J. Schwalbe, Bd 2, S. 658, Stuttgart, 1905; Herzchirurgie, Verh. dtsch. Ges. Chir., S. 1, 1907; Operative Behand-lung des Aortenaneurysma, Beitr. klin. Chir., Bd 92, S. 166, 1914; Die Entrindung der Lungen zur Heilung starrwandiger Empyemhohlen, Langenbecks Arch. klin. Chir., Bd 114, S. 777, 1920; Operationen an den Nieren und Nierenbeeken, in book: Urol. Operationslehre, hrsg. v. F. Voelcker u. E. S. Wossidlo, S. 428, Lpz., 1924.
Bibliography: B r ii t t, Hermann Kummell, Zbl. Chir., Bd 64, S. 866, 1937; Hermann Kiimmell, Chirurg, Bd 9, S. 239, 1937; S u de ck P. Hermann Kiimmell zum Gedachtnis, Munch, med. Wschr., S. 541, 1937.
V. I. Kolesov.