KERNELS OF THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

KERNELS of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM — accumulation of nervous cells (bodies and partially shoots) in substance of a head and spinal cord.

Kernels (nuclei) can be accurately delimited from surrounding educations or without sharp borders to pass in the lying kernels nearby; they have various form, size, structure. Majority of kernels steam rooms. Nervous cells (see. The nervous cell), the forming kernels to be located compactly or dispersno mo-here (kernels of diffusion type); more often in a kernel bodies a nerve -


ny cells prevail (gray matter), sometimes the kernel is formed by the alternating layers of bodies of neurons and nerve fibrils (e.g., gray and white layers of an upper hillock of a roof of a mesencephalon), in some cases (e.g., in a pale sphere) in a kernel nerve fibrils prevail. As a rule, the nervous cells creating a kernel morphologically are also functionally homogeneous; the kernels participating in implementation of difficult integration functions (e.g., basal kernels), consist of cells of different type (see. Basal kernels).

Functional value of kernels of c. the N of page is defined by their bonds and participation in implementation of this or that function of an organism. There are kernels, value to-rykh still it is not found out or is disputable in this connection in literature there are disagreements in definition


of function and names of separate kernels of the central nervous system.

Names of kernels correspond to their functional value — the lower slyunootdelitelny kernel (nuci, salivatorius inferior), a motive kernel of a trifacial (nuci, motor ius nervi trigemini) etc.; to a form — the arc-shaped kernel (nuci, arcuatus), a spherical kernel (nuci, globosus); I blossom — a red kernel (nuci, ruber); to the relation to conduction paths (bunches) of c. N of page — a kernel of a spinal way of a trifacial (nuci, tractus spinalis nervi trigemini). Nek-ry kernels have the same name, as craniocereberal (cranial, T.) the nerve originating from this kernel, napr, the taking-away kernel (nuci, abducens), or back and front cochlear kernels of a preddver-but-cochlear nerve are called by their situation, napr (nucl.


cochlea-ris dorsalis, nuci, cochlearis ventralis). B JNA meet also the terms designating the beginning from cells of kernels of motive fibers of cranial nerves or the termination of shoots of psevdounipo-lyarny cells of sensitive nodes on them (gangliyev) cranial nerves, napr, a kernel of the beginning of a third cranial nerve (nuci, originis nervi oculo motorii) or a final kernel of a trifacial (nuci, terminalis nervi trigemini). In literature the eponymous names of kernels connected with surnames of the scientists who described them — Darkshevich's kernel, Yakubovich's kernel, etc. quite often meet.

Depending on localization in c. N of page allocate the kernels of a spinal cord and a kernel of a brain located in different departments of a brain trunk and hemicerebrums.

In a spinal cord (see) distinguish the kernels relating to somatic (somatomotor and somatosensory) and vegetative to parts of a nervous system (see). Both that and others are subordinated to the highest centers of a nervous system (see). The first are controlled by consciousness in much bigger degree, than the second, possessing big autonomy and playing an important role in regulation of vegetative functions: breath, blood circulation, digestion, etc. (see the Autonomic nervous system). Somatosensory kernels are in back horns of gray matter of a spinal cord, somatomotor — in lobbies, and vegetative kernels — in side horns. Functional value of kernels of a spinal cord at the level of each its segment is established. In the course of an embryogenesis somatomotor kernels of a spinal cord develop from the main plate of a neurotubule, somatosensory — from krylny, and vegetative — from fabric of the neurotubule surrounding a boundary furrow.

In a trunk of a brain (see the Brain, anatomy) allocate kernels of cranial nerves, kernels of a reticular formation (see) and own kernels. In the majority of kernels of a brain trunk cranial nerves begin or come to an end (see). The arrangement of kernels of cranial nerves in a brain trunk differs from the provision of kernels in a spinal cord. Near the centerline in a brain trunk two rows of somatomotor kernels are formed: dorsal, presented by kernels of motive cranial nerves, and ventral, presented by motive kernels of the mixed cranial nerves. In lateral departments of a ventral part of a brain trunk there are somatosensory kernels of the sensitive and mixed cranial nerves, and vegetative kernels are intermediate between somatomotor and somatosensory kernels. Such arrangement of kernels (somatomotor — near the centerline, somatosensory — lateralno, and vegetative — between them) is result of the vent-rolateralny shift of a krylny plate of a neurotubule in the period of embryonic development of a brain trunk.

A reticular formation (see) represents a complex of the kernels connected among themselves and to other kernels of c. N of page and bark of a great brain numerous fibers. It provides transfer of the exciting or braking nervous impulses below - and to overlying nerve centers, and also activation of bark of a great brain.

In the majority of own kernels of a brain trunk, napr, in thin, wedge-shaped kernels of a myelencephalon (see), kernels of the bridge (see the Bridge of a brain), the impulses which are transferred on the ascending and descending conduction paths switch (see). In a roof of a mesencephalon (see) there are gray and white layers of an upper hillock and a kernel of the lower hillock which are the centers of compound instinctive visual and acoustical reflexes (see. Visual centers, ways; Acoustical centers, ways). In a tire of a mesencephalon the red kernels relating to ekstr apir to amide system, numerous kernels of the central gray matter and a kernel of a reticular formation are located.

In a cerebellum (see) allocate the kernels of a tent connected with a vestibular mechanism entering an ancient part of a cerebellum (see. Vestibular analyzer); the cork and spherical kernels participating in regulation of movements of a trunk and relating to an old part of a cerebellum and the gear kernels belonging to phylogenetic youngest part of a cerebellum and connected with function of extremities.

According to division of a diencephalon (see) on an epithalamus, a metathalamus, a thalamus and a hypothalamus distinguish also the corresponding groups of kernels of a diencephalon. From the functional point of view in a thalamus allocate three groups of kernels: specific touch kernels, to-rye are the centers of switching of the afferent impulses going on the ascending ways to bark of a great brain (perednedorsalny and peredneventralny kernels, a dorsal lateral kernel, etc.); the associative kernels representing the centers of switching of bonds between a cerebellum, the extrapyramidal centers and kortikal * the ny motor field of a pyramidal way and participating in integration of various touch impulses (a medial ventral kernel, a back lateral kernel, etc.); the nonspecific kernels of reticular type accepting and processing the impulses arriving from reticular formations of a brain trunk and hypothalamus and exerting impact on other kernels of a thalamus and bark of a great brain (reticular kernels, intra lamellar kernels, etc.).

The hypothalamus (see) holds the most ventral position in a diencephalon. Phylogenetic and embryological researches show that structures of the previsual field are also area of a hypothalamus. The microscopic structure of a hypothalamus allowed a number of researchers to allocate in it the periventriku-lyarny, median and lateral zones containing various kernels. On PNA in a hypothalamus distinguish dorsal, front, intermediate and back areas. Distinguish the neurosecretory kernels consisting of the neurosecretory cells emitting hypothalamic neurohormones (see) from kernels of a hypothalamus. Neurosecretory kernels are concentrated by hl. obr. near walls of the third ventricle also are a part of gipotalamo-pituitary system (see). Kernels of a hypothalamus are the highest vegetative centers. They carry out difficult integration of the nervous impulses coming to them and adaptation of functions of internals to complete activity of an organism. They have no direct connections with bodies, and represent the centers dominating over the effector vegetative centers.

Kernels of an end brain — basal kernels (see) — are presented by a kernel having a tail, a lenticular kernel, a fencing, an amygdaloid nucleus (see area Amigdaloidnaya), to-rye belong to an old part (paleencephalon) of an end brain. At reptiles and birds basal kernels with a thalamus create the system functioning as the highest integration center independent of bark of hemispheres. At the person basal kernels are the main educations ekstr apir amide

system (see). Functioning under control of bark of a great brain, they keep a role of the integration center concerning the automatic and combined movements, maintenance of a muscle tone; besides, basal kernels take part in formation of emotional and affective reactions. The amygdaloid nucleus is one of the main structures of limbic system (see) * It participates in implementation of corrective influence on activity of trunk formations of a brain.

For a research of kernels of c. N of page apply the experimental and morphological methods including neyrogisto logical, histochemical and other techniques; electro-fizio the logical methods used in neurophysiology (see) including microelectrode methods of a research (see), a stereotaxic method (see), kliniko-neurologic methods, etc.

Detailed data on topography, morphology, functions of kernels are given in articles devoted to various departments of the central nervous system: A spinal cord (see),

the Myelencephalon (see), the Thalamus (see), etc.; in articles devoted to the description of separate conduction paths and the centers of a nervous system: Motoriums, ways (see); The visual centers, ways (see), etc.; and also in articles where separate cranial nerves are described: An eleventh cranial nerve (see), the Trifacial (see) etc.

The list of the MAIN KERNELS of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM

of the Name of kernels is provided in alphabetical order on PNA, JNA, BNA; also nek-ry terms which are found in literature, but did not enter nomenclature lists are included. The words «nucleus», «nuclei» at the names provided by a bold-face type are lowered.

The names of kernels in Russian which are found in literature and not having Latin equivalents are provided in addition to the list.

1. Abducens (PNA) which is taking away a kernel see Nervi abducentis.

2. Accessorius (PNA), an additional kernel, see Nervi accessorii.

3. Accessorius (mesencephalicus) nervi trigemini (JNA), an additional (srednemozgovy) kernel of a trifacial, see Mesencephalicus nervi trigemini.

4. Alae cinereae (BNA), kernel of a gray wing; synonym: nuci, terminalis alae cinereae (JNA), nuci, terminalis nervi glossopharyn-gici et nervi vagi (JNA). Is located in a lateral part of a triangle of a vagus nerve of a bottom of a rhomboid pole. Value: a sensitive kernel of the glossopalatine and wandering nerves.

5. Ambiguus (PNA, JNA, BNA), your

Nov kernel; synonym of nuci, originis ventralis nervi glossopharyngici et nervi vagi (JNA). Is located in a myelencephalon from the level of decussation of medial loops to the lower bound of a myelencephalon, is ventrolateralny a back kernel of a vagus nerve. Value: with -

a matomotorny kernel of the glossopalatine, wandering and additional nerves.

6. Amygdalae (JNA, BNA), an amygdaloid kernel, see Amygdaloideum corpus.

7. Amygdaloideum corpus (PNA), amygdaloid nucleus; synonym of nuci, amygdalae (JNA, BNA). Is located in a temporal share of hemicerebrums in the forefront of a parahippocampal crinkle. Treats basal kernels of an end brain. Value: is a part of limbic system.

8. Anterodorsalis (PNA), perednedorsalny kernel. Is located at a front pole of a thalamus between branches of the forked internal brain plate, treats front kernels of a thalamus, holds dorsal position. Zna-ch e N and e: the center of switching of impulses of olfactory sensitivity, is a part of limbic system.

9. To Anteromedialis (PNA), perednema

dialny kernel. Is located at a front pole of a thalamus between branches of the forked internal brain plate, treats front kernels of a thalamus, holds medial position. Value: the center of switching of impulses

of olfactory sensitivity, is a part of limbic system.

10. Anteroventralis (PNA), perednevent

rolled kernel. Is located at a front pole of a thalamus between branches of the forked internal brain plate, treats front kernels of a thalamus, holds ventral position. Value: the center of switching of impulses

of olfactory sensitivity, is a part of limbic system.

And. Arcuati (PNA, JNA, BNA), the arc-shaped kernels. Are located ventrome-dialny pyramids of a myelencephalon along its front median crack. Value: the center of switching of the impulses going from pyramidal ways to a cerebellum *

12. Arcuatus (PNA), the arc-shaped poison

ro. Is located in the form of a thin coat of nervous cells in a periventrikulyarny zone of a hypothalamus along a lateral wall of the third ventricle. Value: vegetative center.

13. Areae H, Ht, H2 (PNA), kernels

of the fields H, Hlf H2. Are located in a thalamus of a kpereda from a red kernel, Between a sostsevidnotalamichesky bunch and a subthalamic kernel. Value: are a part

of extrapyramidal system.

14. Basales (PNA), basal kernels. Are located in the basis of hemicerebrums. Carry a kernel having a tail to them (see Caudatus), a lenticular kernel (see Lentiformis), a fencing (see Claustrum) and an amygdaloid nucleus (see Amygdaloideum corpus).

15. Caudatus (PNA, JNA, BNA), hvo

staty kernel. Is located in a hemicerebrum, bending around a thalamus and a side ventricle in the form of a hook. Treats basal kernels of an end brain. Value: is a part of an ekstrapir

of copper system.

16. Centralis (PNA), central kernel.,

Li_iv Is located in the central part of a front horn of a spinal cord at the level of Civ — Thi. Value: gives

rise to the motive fibers innervating muscles of extremities.

17. Centralis lateralis (PNA), a lateral central kernel, see Intralaminares (thalami).

18. Centralis medialis (PNA), a medial central kernel, see Intral am inares (thalami).

19. Centralis superior, an upper central kernel, see Raphae.

20. Centromedianus (PNA), central median kernel; a synonym of centrum medianum Luysi, see Intralaminares (thalami).

21. Centrum medianum Luysi, the median center of Lyuis, see Centromedianus.

22. Claustrum (PNA, JNA, BNA), ogra

yes. Is located in hemicerebrums in the form of a plate of gray matter between a lenticular kernel and bark of an island. Treats basal kernels of an end brain. Value: yavlya

it etsyatsya by a part of extrapyramidal system.

23. Cochleares (PNA), cochlear kernels; synonym of nuci, nervi acustici (BNA). Carry front and back cochlear kernels to them (see Cochlearis ventralis, Cochlearis dorsalis).

24. Cochlearis anterior (PNA), a front cochlear kernel, see Cochlearis ventralis.

25. Cochlearis dorsalis (PNA), back

cochlear kernel; synonym of nuci, cochlearis posterior (PNA). Is located in a brain trunk dorsolateralny the lower leg of a cerebellum, forming an acoustical hillock on a surface of a bottom of the fourth ventricle. Value: center of switching

of pulses of acoustical sensitivity by it.

26. Cochlearis posterior (PNA), a back cochlear kernel, see Cochlearis dorsalis.

27. Cochlearis ventralis (PNA), before

it a cochlear kernel; synonym of nuci, cochlearis anterior (PNA). Is located in a brain trunk ventralny a back cochlear kernel. Value: center rekey

niya of impulses of acoustical sensitivity.,

28. Colliculi caudalis (PNA, JNA), kernel of the lower hillock; synonym of nuci, colliculi inferioris (PNA, BNA). Is located in the lower hillock of a roof of a mesencephalon. Zna-

h e N and e: the subcrustal acoustical center,

provides compound instinctive acoustical reflexes.

29. Colliculi inferioris (PNA, BNA), a kernel of the lower hillock, see Colliculi caudalis.

30. Commissuralis (PNA), komissural-

Nov kernel; synonym Darkshevich's kernel. Is located in the central gray matter of a mesencephalon under back (epitalamichesky) commissure of a kpereda from an intermediate kernel. Value: belongs to the ekstrapira

to copper system, is the center of switching of the impulses going from a reticular formation and a striate body to kernels of third cranial nerves.

31.

Corporis geniculati lateralis (PNA, JNA, BNA), kernel of a lateral cranked body. Is located in a lateral cranked body of a diencephalon. Value: center of switching

of pulses of visual sensitivity by it.

32.

Corporis geniculati medialis (PNA, JNA, BNA), kernel of a medial cranked body. Is located in a medial cranked body of a diencephalon. Value: center of switching

of pulses of acoustical sensitivity by it.

33. Corporis mamillaris (JNA, BNA), kernels of a mastoidal body, see Corporis mamillaris mediales et laterales.

34.

Corporis mamillaris mediales et la terales (PNA), medial and lateral kernels of a mastoidal body; synonym of nuci, corporis mamillaris (JNA, BNA). Are located in mastoidal bodies of a hypothalamus. Value: center of switching

of pulses of olfactory sensitivity by it, vegetative center.

35. Cuneatus (PNA), wedge-shaped kernel; synonym: nuci, funiculi cuneati (BNA), nuci, partis lateralis fasciculi dorsalis (JNA). Is located in a hillock of a wedge-shaped kernel of a myelencephalon, begins at the level of bottom edge of decussation of pyramids and slightly higher than the level of the middle of an olive comes to an end. Value: the center of switching of the impulses of proprioceptive sensitivity going to bark of a great brain, and thin tactile sensitivity.

36. Cuneatus accessorius (PNA),

Dob Vochnoye wedge-shaped kernel; synonym of nucll. late ~ rales (BNA). Is located laterovent-ralny a wedge-shaped kernel of a myelencephalon, its upper part comes into the lower leg of a cerebellum. Value: gives rise

to the fibers going to a cerebellum.

37. Dentatus (PNA, JNA, BNA), zubcha

ty kernel. Is located in white matter of hemispheres of a cerebellum between an okoloklochok and the lower legs of a cerebellum. In a form reminds the lower olive kernel. Value: gives rise to fibers mozzhech

a kovo-krasnoyaderny way and a gear and thalamic way.

38. Dorsalis (JNA), a dorsal kernel, see Thoracicus.

39. Dorsalis, a dorsal kernel, see Raphae.

40. Dorsalis corporis trapezoidei (PNA), back kernel of a trapezoid body; synonym of nuci, olivaris metencephali (JNA). Is located in a trapezoid body of a varoliyev of the bridge. Value: center of switching of impulses of acoustical sensitivity.

41. Dorsalis nervi vagi (PNA), back kernel of a vagus nerve; synonym of nuci,

ori-ginis dorsalis (parasympathicus) of nervi vagi (JNA). Is located in a myelencephalon at the level of a medial part of a triangle of a vagus nerve of a bottom of a rhomboid pole between a kernel of a hypoglossal nerve and a kernel of a single way. Value: parasympathetic kernel of a vagus nerve.

42. Dorsalis (Stillingi, Clarkei) (BNA), back (Shtillinga, Clark) a kernel, see Thoracicus.

43. Dorso lateralis (PNA): to zadnelata

rolled kernel. Is located in a front horn of a spinal cord at the level of CJV — Thr Lm — Sm. Value: gives rise

to the motive fibers innervating muscles of extremities.

44. Dorsomedialis (PNA), zadnemedialny kernel. Ssh — Sh is located in a front horn of a spinal cord of a kzada from an anteromedial kernel at the level of Sg. Value: gives rise to the motive fibers innervating muscles of a torso.

45. Emboliformis (PNA, JNA, BNA),

cork kernel. Is located in white matter of a worm of a cerebellum lateralno and kpered from a spherical kernel. Value: the center of switching of the impulses

which are transferred from bark of a cerebellum to kernels of a brain trunk.

46. Entopeduncularis (PNA), inside-nozhkovoye kernel. Is located in a diencephalon along a lenticular loop, medialny the internal capsule. Value: it is connected with extrapyramidal system.

47. Facialis (PNA), a front kernel, see Nervi facialis.

48. Fastigiatus (PNA), a kernel of a tent, see Fastigii.

49. Fastigii (PNA, JNA, BNA), kernel

of a tent; synonym: nuci, fastigiatus (PNA), Kelliker's kernel. Is located in white matter of a worm of a cerebellum over a roof of the fourth ventricle near the median plane. Value: the center pereklyu

a cheniya of the impulses going from bark of a cerebellum to vestibular nuclei.

50. Ferruginea substantia (PNA), reddish substance. Is located in an upper part of a varoliyev of the bridge perednemedialny kernels of a srednemozgovy way of a trifacial. Value is not established; assume existence of bonds with a reticular formation of a mesencephalon.

51. Funiculi cuneati (BNA), a kernel of a wedge-shaped cord, see Cuneatus.

52. Funiculi gracilis (BNA), a kernel of a thin cord, see Gracilis.

53. Gelatinosa dorsalis substantia (JNA), back jellylike substance, see Gelati-nosa substantia.

54. To Gelatinosa substantia (PNA), studa

nisty substance; synonym: substantia gelatinosa dorsalis (JNA), substantia gelatinosa (Ro-landi) (BNA). In the form of a hood covers a back horn of a spinal cord, forming its eatery. Is located on all length of a spinal cord, it is thickened at the level of cervical and lumbosacral thickenings of a spinal cord. Value: center of switching of impulses

painful and thermoesthesia.

55.

Gelatinosa (Rolandi) substantia (BNA), jellylike substance (Roland), see Gelatinosa substantia.

56. Globiformis (JNA), a spherical kernel, see Globosus.

57. Globosus (PNA, BNA), spherical kernel; synonym of nucleus globiformis (JNA). There are in white matter of a worm of a cerebellum lateralny kernels of a tent. 3 nacheniye: the center of switching of the impulses going from bark of a cerebellum to kernels of a brain trunk.

58. Gracilis (PNA), thin kernel; synonym:

nuci, funiculi gracilis (BNA), nuci, partis medialis fasciculi dorsalis (JNA). Is located in a hillock of a thin kernel of a myelencephalon. Value: the center a feather

of a klyucheniye of the impulses of proprioceptive sensitivity going to bark of a great brain, and thin tactile sensitivity.

59. (Grisea et alba)

of colliculi cranialis strata (PNA), (gray and white) layers of an upper hillock; synonym: strata (grisea et alba) of colliculi superioris (PNA), stratum griseum colliculi rostralis (JNA), stratum griseum colliculi superioris (BNA). Represent the kernel formed by the alternating layers of gray and white matter. Are in a roof of a mesencephalon at the level of an upper hillock. Value: to an inta

the grace center playing an important role in the motive activation of an eyeglobe or the general motive activation connected with visual irritations.

60. (Grisea et alba) of colliculi superioris strata (PNA), (gray and white) layers of an upper hillock, see (Grisea et alba) of colliculi cranialis strata.

61. Griseum colliculi rostralis stratum (JNA), a gray layer of an upper hillock, see (Grisea et alba) of colliculi cranialis strata.

62. Griseum colliculi superioris stratum (BNA), a gray layer of an upper hillock, see (Grisea et alba) of colliculi cranialis strata.

63.

Habenulae medialis et lateralis (PNA), medial and lateral kernels of a lead. Are in a triangle of a lead of an epithalamus. Value: svya

zana with a rhinencephalon, a thalamus, a hypothalamus, and also with kernels of a roof and a tire of a mesencephalon.

64. Hypoglossalis (PNA), a hypoglossal kernel, see Nervi hypoglossi.

65. Hypothalamica anterior regio (PNA), front hypothalamic area. The diffusion cellular area in a median zone of a hypothalamus adjoining ventrally on a supraoptic kernel, and dorsal-but — with front commissure, kpered from it is a median preoptical kernel, medially it borders on a front peri-ventrikulyarny kernel. Value: vegetative center.

66. Hypothalamica dorsalis area (PNA), the dorsal hypothalamic field, see Hypothalamica dorsalis regio.

67. Hypothalamica dorsalis regio (PNA), dorsal hypothalamic area (field); synonym of area hypothalamica dorsalis (PNA). Represents the cellular plate in a median zone of a hypothalamus located dorsalny a dorsomedial hypothalamic kernel and dorsolateralny paraventrikulyarny kernels treats kernels of a median zone of a hypothalamus. Value: vegetative center.

68. Hypothalamicus (JNA, BNA), a hypothalamic kernel, see Subthalamicus.

69. Hypothalamicus dorsomedialis (PNA),

dorsomedial hypothalamic kernel. Is located in a median zone of a hypothalamus between a ventromedialny hypothalamic kernel and paraventrikulyarny kernels. Value: vegetative

center.

70.

Hypothalamicus ventromedialis (PNA), ventromedialny hypothalamic kernel. Is in a median zone of a hypothalamus in the field of a funnel. Value: vegetative center.

71. Incerta zona (PNA), uncertain zone. The kernel of diffusion type, is located in a thalamus between back ventral kernels of a thalamus and a subthalamic kernel. Value: it is connected with extrapyramidal system.

72. Inferior nervi trigemini (PNA), the lower kernel of a trifacial, see Spinalis nervi trigemini.

73. Intercalatus (PNA), inserted poison

ro; synonym Staderini's kernel. Is from the lateral party of a paramedian reticular kernel of a myelencephalon, treats kernels of a reticular formation. Value: the center of switching

of the pulses going from a spinal cord and bark of a great brain to a cerebellum by it.

74. Intercrurale ganglion (JNA), an intercrural node, see Interpeduncularis.

75. Intermedio lateralis, promezhutochnolateralny kernel. Value is located in a side horn of a spinal cord at the level of Cvm — Lnr: vegetative sympathetic center.

76. Interpedunculare ganglion (BNA), an intercrural node, see Interpeduncularis.

77. Interpeduncularis (PNA), mezhnozh-

kovy kernel; synonym: ganglion intercrurale (JNA), ganglion interpedunculare (BNA). The unpaired kernel of a mesencephalon which is in the basis of an intercrural pole. Value: it is connected with vegetative

kernels of a hypothalamus.

78. Interstitialis (PNA), intermediate

kernel; synonym Kakhal's kernel. Is ventro-lateralny the central gray matter of a mesencephalon, being located from the level of the middle of a red kernel to the upper bound of a tire of a mesencephalon. Value: the center of switching of the impulses

which are transferred on a medial longitudinal bunch.

79. Intralaminares (thalami) (PNA),

intra lamellar kernels (thalamus). Carry a lateral central kernel to them (nuci, centralis lateralis), a medial central kernel (nuci, centralis medialis), the central median kernel (nucl. centromedianus, s. centrum medianum Luy-si), paracentral kernel (nuci, paracent-ralis) and parafascicular kernel (nuci, parafascicularis). These kernels are located on the course of an internal brain plate of a thalamus. Value: to a nespetsificha

the sky kernels of reticular type influencing other kernels of a thalamus and bark of a great brain.

80. Lacrimalis (PNA), the lacrimal kernel.

Is located in the varoliyevy bridge, is anteromedial continuation of an upper slyunootdelitelny kernel (earlier was considered as a kernel, uniform with it). Value: parasympathetic

kernel of a facial nerve.

81. Laterales (BNA), side kernels, see Cuneatus accessorius.

82. Lateralis dorsalis (PNA), dorsal

Nov lateral kernel. Is dorsal-but from a back lateral kernel of a thalamus, treats ventrolateralny kernels of a thalamus. Value: the kernel is connected

with bark of a parietal lobe, zone crinkle, and also with other kernels of a thalamus.

83. Lateralis posterior (PNA), back

lateral kernel. Is located in a thalamus, begins at an inner edge of a front third of a pillow, then lateralny is located, belongs to ventrolateralny kernels of a thalamus. Value: the center of switching of the impulses

going from a tire of a mesencephalon to bark of a great brain.

84.

Lemnisci lateralis (PNA, JNA, BNA), kernel of a lateral loop. Is located in the form of small disperse accumulation of neurons in a bridge part of a lateral loop (a triangle of loops, T.). Value: center of switching

of pulses of acoustical sensitivity by it.

85. Lenticularis, a lenticular kernel, see Lentiformis.

86. Lentiformis (PNA, JNA, BNA), lenticular kernel; synonym of nuci, lenticu-laris; Is located in white matter of a hemicerebrum between internal and outside capsules, it is divided by brain plates into a shell and a pale sphere. Treats basal kernels of an end brain. Value: is a part of extrapyramidal system.

87. Luysi corpus (BNA), lyuisovo a body, see Subthalamicus.

88. Magnus, a big kernel, see Ra-phae.

89. Medialis dorsalis (PNA), dorsal

medial kernel. It is located in a thalamus of a knaruzha from its internal brain plate, medially limited to median kernels. The back pole is at the level of leads, and front reaches a front ventral kernel, belongs to medial kernels of a thalamus. Value: the main center of switching

of the pulses which are transferred on cortical hypo-thalamic ways by it.

90. Medianae (PNA), kernels of a median seam, see Raphae.

91. Mesencephalicus nervi trigemini (PNA), kernel of a srednemozgovy way of a trifacial; synonym: nucl. accessorius (mesencephalicus) nervi trigemini (JNA), nucl. mesencephalicus trigeminalis (PNA), nucl.

radicis descendentis nervi trigemini (BNA), nuci, tractus mesencephalici nervi trige^ mini (PNA). Begins in a middle part of a varoliyev of the bridge at the level of the greatest development of a bridge kernel of a trifacial, further rises up, coming to an end at the upper bound of a mesencephalon. Value: somatosensory kernel

of a trifacial.

92. Mesencephalicus trigeminalis (PNA), a srednemozgovy trigeminal kernel, see Mesencephalicus nervi trigemini.

93. Motorii nervi trigemini (BNA), motive kernels of a trifacial, see Motorius nervi trigemini.

94. Motorius nervi trigemini (PNA), dv

gatelny kernel of a trifacial; synonym: nuci, motorii nervi trigemini (BNA), nuci, motorius trigeminalis (PNA), nuci, originis nervi trigemini (JNA). Is located in an upper part of a tire of a varoliyev of the bridge of a knaruzha from a bridge kernel of a trifacial. Value: somatomotor

kernel of a trifacial.

95. Motorius trigeminalis (PNA), a motive kernel of a trifacial, see Motorius nervi trigemini.

96. Nervi abducentis (PNA, BNA), a kernel

of the taking-away nerve; synonym: nuci, abducens (PNA), nuci, originis nervi abducentis (JNA). Is located in the lower third of a tire of the bridge in a front hillock rhomboid - poles. Value: somatomo

an even kernel of the taking-away nerve.

97. Nervi accessorii (PNA),

Dob Vochny's kernel of a nerve; synonym of nucl. accessorius (PNA). Is located in the form of several cellular groups in lower parts of a myelencephalon and in front horns of upper cervical segments of a spinal cord (Cj __ v). Value: a somatomotor kernel to

a bavochny nerve.

98. Nervi acustici (BNA), a kernel of an acoustical nerve, see Cochleares.

99. Nervi facialis (PNA, BNA), kernel of a facial nerve; synonym: nucl. facialis (PNA), nucl. originis nervi facialis (JNA)., Is in the lower third of a tire of a varoliyev of the bridge of a knaruzha of a medial loop and a kzada of an upper olive kernel. Value: somatomotor kernel of a facial nerve.

100. Nervi hypoglossi (PNA, BNA), kernel of a hypoglossal nerve; synonym: nucl. hypoglos-salis (PNA), nucl. originis nervi hypoglossi (JNA). It is located from the level of bottom edge of an olive to the upper bound of a myelencephalon. Is near a median seam, separating from it fibers of a longitudinal medial bunch. Value: somatomotor kernel of a hypoglossal nerve.

101. Nervi oculomotorii (PNA, BNA),

kernel of a third cranial nerve; synonym: nucl. oculomotorius (PNA), nucl. originis nervi oculomotorii (JNA). Represents a complex of the kernels located in a tire of a mesencephalon at the level of an upper hillock, dorsomedialny a medial longitudinal bunch. Value: somato

motor kernel of a third cranial nerve.

102. Nervi phrenici (PNA), kernel of a phrenic nerve; synonym of nucl. phrenicus (PNA). Is at the level of Cm_v in a medial part of a front horn of a spinal cord, it is most developed at the level of Cm_iv. Value: gives rise to the motive fibers innervating a muscular part of a diaphragm.

103. Nervi trochlearis (PNA, BNA), kernel of a block nerve; synonym: nucl. originis nervi trochlearis (JNA), nucl. trochlearis (PNA). Is located in a tire of a mesencephalon at the level of the lower hillock near a median seam. Value: somatomotor kernel of a block nerve.

104. Nervi vestibularis (BNA), kernels of a vestibular nerve, see Vestibulares.

105. Niger (JNA), a black kernel, see Nigra substantia.

106. Nigra substantia (PNA, BNA), black substance; synonym: nucl. niger (JNA), substantia nigra (Soemmerring). Is located between the basis of a leg of a brain and a tire of a mesencephalon. Value: participates in control neproizvolny movements, treats extrapyramidal system.

107. Nigra (Soemmerring) substantia,

black substance (Zemmerringa), see Nigra substantia.

108. Obscurus, a dark kernel, see Ra-phae.

109. Oculomotorius (PNA), an oculomotor kernel, see Nervi oculomotorii.

110. Oculomotorius accessorius (PNA), additional kernel of a third cranial nerve; synonym: Edinger's kernel — Vestfalya, Yakubovich's kernel. Is located medialny a front pole of a kernel of a third cranial nerve at the level of an upper hillock of a mesencephalon. Value: parasympathetic kernel of a third cranial nerve.

111. Olivae (JNA), a kernel of an olive, see Olivaris caudalis.

112. Olivaris accessorius dorsalis (PNA, JNA, BNA), back additional olive kernel; synonym of nucl. olivaris accessorius posterior (PNA). Is located dorsalny the lower olive kernel from the level of decussation of a medial loop to the level of the upper bound of a myelencephalon. Value: is a part of the system which is carrying out regulation of automatic movements, a muscle tone.

113. Olivaris accessorius medialis (PNA, JNA, BNA), medial additional olive kernel. It is located in a myelencephalon in the form of a thin strip between gate of the lower olive kernel and a medial loop, begins at the level of decussation of pyramids and comes to an end at an upper pole of the lower olive kernel. Value: is a part of the system which is carrying out regulation of automatic movements, a muscle tone.

114. Olivaris accessorius posterior (PNA), a back additional olive kernel, see Olivaris accessorius dorsalis.

115. Olivaris caudalis (PNA), lower

olive kernel; synonym: nucl. olivae (JNA), nucl. olivaris inferior (PNA, BNA). Is in a ventrolateralny part of a myelencephalon from the level of decussation of a medial loop to its border with the varoliye-vy bridge, has the form of a curved folded-chain lamella. Value: yavlya

it etsyatsya by a part of the system which is carrying out regulation of automatic movements, a muscle tone.

116. Olivaris cranialis (PNA), upper

olive kernel; synonym of nucl. olivaris superior (PNA). It is located along lateral edge of a medial loop throughout all length of a varoliyev of the bridge. Value: the center of switching of the impulses

of acoustical sensitivity going to kernels of the facial and taking-away nerves.

117. Olivaris inferior (PNA, BNA), the lower olive kernel, see Olivaris caudalis.

118. Olivaris metencephali (JNA), an olive kernel of a metencephal, see Dorsalis corporis trapezoidei.

119. Olivaris superior (PNA), an upper olive kernel, see Olivaris cranialis.

120. Originis dorsalis (parasympathicus) of nervi vagi (JNA), a back (parasympathetic) kernel of the beginning of a vagus nerve, see Dorsalis nervi vagi.

121. Originis nervi abducentis (JNA), a kernel of the beginning of the taking-away nerve, see Nervi abducentis.

122. Originis nervi facialis (JNA), a kernel of the beginning of a facial nerve, see Nervi facialis.

123. Originis nervi hypoglossi (JNA), a kernel of the beginning of a hypoglossal nerve, see Nervi hypoglossi.

124. Originis nervi oculomotorii (JNA), a kernel of the beginning of a third cranial nerve, see Nervi oculomotorii.

125. Originis nervi trigemini (JNA), a kernel of the beginning of a trifacial, see Motorius nervi trigemini.

126. Originis nervi trochlearis (JNA), a kernel of the beginning of a block nerve, see Nervi trochlearis.

127. Originis ventralis nervi glossopha-ryngici et nervi vagi (JNA), a ventral kernel of the beginning of the glossopalatine and wandering nerves, see Ambiguus.

128. Pallidus, a pale kernel, see Ra-phae.

129. Paracentralis (PNA), a paracentral kernel, see Intralaminares (thalami).

130. Parafascicularis (PNA), a parafascicular kernel, see Intralaminares (thalami).

131. Paramedianus dorsalis (PNA), back paramedian kernel; synonym of nucl. paramedianus posterior (PNA), Jacobson's kernel. It is located in a myelencephalon near the centerline, adjoins a kernel of a hypoglossal nerve. Value: participates in regulation of motive function of language.

132. Paramedianus posterior (PNA), a back paramedian kernel, see Paramedianus dorsalis.

133. Paraventriculares (PNA), paravent-rikulyarny kernels. Are located in a median zone of a hypothalamus, lateralny front paraventrikulyarny kernels of a thalamus, on length corresponds to front hypothalamic area. Value: the vegetative center, are neurosecretory kernels gipotalamo-gipofizar-ache systems.

134.

Paraventriculares anteriores et po steriores (PNA), front and back kernels of steam-ventrikulyarnye. Are located

along the medial surface of a thalamus, treat its median kernels. 3 N and - e and e are not found out h by N.

135. Parasympathici sac rales (PNA),

sacral parasympathetic kernels. Are located at lateral edge of the basis of a front horn of a spinal cord at the level of Sn_IV). Value: a vegeta

the tivny parasympathetic center innervating pelvic bodies.

136.

Partis lateralis fasciculi dorsalis (JNA), a kernel of a lateral part of a back bunch, see Cuneatus.

137.

Partis medialis fasciculi dorsalis (JNA), a kernel of a medial part of a back bunch, see Gracilis.

138. Periventricularis posterior (PNA), back periventrikulyarny kernel. Is located in the form of a thin coat of cells in a pe-riventrikulyarny zone of a hypothalamus along a lateral wall of the third ventricle, treats kernels of a periventrikulyarny zone of a hypothalamus. Value: vegetative center.

139. Phrenicus (PNA), a phrenic kernel, see Nervi phrenici.

140. Pontinus nervi trigemini (PNA), bridge kernel of a trifacial. It is located in the varoliyevy bridge from the level of a root of a trifacial to the lower bound of a mesencephalon, is continuation of a cranial part of a kernel of a spinal way of a trifacial. Value: somatosensory kernel of a trifacial.

141. Pontis, a kernel of the bridge, see Raphae.

142. Pontis (PNA, JNA, BNA), kernels of the bridge. Are in a ventral part of a varoliyev of the bridge between fibers of a box-kovo-mosto-cerebellar way. Value: the centers of switching of impulses „going from bark of a great brain to a cerebellum.,

143. Preoptici medialis et lateralis (PNA), medial and lateral preoptical kernels. Are in a lateral zone of a hypothalamus between front commissure and a terminal plate. Value: vegetative center.

144. Pretectales (PNA), predkryshechny kernels. Are located in a roof of a mesencephalon between a front pole of an upper hillock and back (epitalamichesky) commissure. Value: the centers of switching of ways of the visual and motor reflexes which are not connected with an upper hillock.

145. Proprius cornus dorsalis (PNA), own kernel of a back horn. Is on border between a head and a neck of a back horn of a spinal cord along all length of a spinal cord, it is most developed at the level of a lumbosacral thickening of a spinal cord. Value: center of switching of impulses painful and thermoesthesia.

146. Radicis descendentis nervi trigemini (BNA), a kernel of the descending root of a trifacial, see Mesencephalicus nervi trigemini.

147. Raphae (PNA), kernels of a median seam; synonym of nuci, medianae (PNA). Carry a dark kernel to them (nuci, obscurus), a pale kernel (nuci, pallidus), a big kernel (nuci, magnus), a kernel of the bridge (nuci, pontis), an upper central kernel (nuci, centralis superior), a dorsal kernel (nucl. dorsalis). Kernels are listed as their arrangement from below up. Are in area of a median seam of a brain trunk on an extent from the lower pole of the lower olive kernel to the upper bound of a mesencephalon. Treat kernels of a reticular formation of a median seam. Value: the descending fibers of kernels form reticular and spinal ways, and ascending reach a limit on average a brain or in basal kernels of an end brain.

148. Reticulares (thalami) (PNA), reticular kernels (thalamus). Are located on the ventrolateralny surface of a thalamus, border by the outer surface on the internal capsule. Value: the nonspecific kernels exerting impact on other kernels of a thalamus and bark of a great brain.

149. Reticularis pontis caudalis, kaudal

Nov bridge reticular kernel. Is continuation of a giant-cell reticular kernel, reaches the level of a motive kernel of a trifacial, treats kernels of the central part of a reticular formation. Value:

the descending fibers form the retikulyarnospinnomozgovy ways ascending reach a limit in kernels top and bottom hillocks of a roof of a mesencephalon and in a hypothalamus.

150. Reticularis pontis oralis, cranial bridge reticular kernel. Is located up from a caudal bridge reticular kernel, comes to an end at the level of the upper edge of a varoliyev of the bridge, treats kernels of the central part of a reticular formation. Value:

the descending fibers go to a spinal cord, ascending----to kernels upper and niches

them hillocks of a roof of a mesencephalon and to a hypothalamus.

151. Retrodorsolateralis (PNA), zazad-not lateral kernel.


Value is located on border between front and side horns of a spinal cord, a kzada from a posterolateral kernel at the level C, Th S, VIII 1“ H1 „: gives rise to the motive fibers innervating muscles of extremities.

152. Reuniens (PNA) connecting a kernel. It is located along the medial surface of a thalamus, treats its median kernels. Value is not found out.

153. Rhomboidalis (PNA), rhomboid kernel. It is located along the medial surface of a thalamus, treats its median kernels. Value is not found out.

154. Ruber (PNA, JNA, BNA), red

kernel. It is located in a tire of a mesencephalon, near a median seam. Value: treats extrapyramidal

system, gives rise to a krasnoyaderno-medullispinal way.

155. Salivatorius caudalis (PNA), niches

it slyunootdelitelny kernel; synonym of nucl. salivatorius inferior (PNA). It is located in an upper third of a myelencephalon over a back kernel of a vagus nerve. Value: visceromotor kernel of language

of a pharyngeal nerve.

156. Salivatorius cranialis (PNA), upper slyunootdelitelny kernel; synonym of nucl. salivatorius superior (PNA). Is in the bottom of a varoliyev of the bridge between a kernel of the taking-away nerve and a kernel of a single way. Value: visceromotor kernel of a facial nerve.

157. Salivatorius inferior (PNA), the lower slyunootdelitelny kernel, see Salivatorius caudalis.

158. Salivatorius superior (PNA), cm, Salivatorius cranialis.

159. Solitarius (PNA), kernel of a single

way; synonym: nucl. tractus solitarii (JNA, BNA), nucl. terminalis nervi intermedii et nucl. terminalis accessorius nervi glosso-pharyngici (JNA). Is located in a myelencephalon under a bottom of the fourth ventricle. Value: the kernel of the facial,

glossopalatine and wandering nerves perceiving impulses from receptors of internals and impulses of flavoring sensitivity.

160. Spinalis nervi trigemini (PNA),

kernel of a spinal way of a trifacial; synonym: nucl. inferior nervi trigemini (PNA), nucl. terminalis tractus spinalis nervi trigemini (JNA), nucl. tractus spinalis nervi trigemini (BNA). Is located ventralny a wedge-shaped kernel of a myelencephalon, begins at bottom edge of a bridge kernel of a trifacial and goes down to cervical department of a spinal cord, connecting to a head of a back horn of a spinal cord. Value: somato

touch kernel of a trifacial.

161. Spongiosa zona, spongy zone.

Is on a top of a back horn of a spinal cord of a kzada from jellylike substance. Value: center pereklyu

cheniya of impulses painful and thermoesthesia.

162. Subthalamicus (PNA), subtala-chesky kernel; synonym: corpus Luysi (BNA), nucl. hypothalamicus (JNA, BNA). Is in a thalamus, directly adjoins black substance, its front pole is located medialny the internal capsule, and back — dorsalny legs of a brain. Value: it is connected with extrapyramidal system.

163. Supraopticus (PNA), supraoptiche-

sky (nadzritelny) kernel. It is located in a median zone of a hypothalamus, at dorsolateral edge of visual decussation, treats its median kernels. Value: the neyrosekretor is

a ny kernel of gipotalamo-pituitary system.

164. Terminalis alae cinereae (JNA), a final kernel of a gray wing, see Alae cinereae.

165. Terminalis nervi glossopharyngici et nervi vagi (JNA), a final kernel of the glossopalatine and wandering nerves, see, Alae cinereae.

166. Terminalis nervi intermedii et terminalis accessorius nervi glossopharyngici (JNA), a final kernel of an intermediate nerve and a final additional kernel of a glossopharyngeal nerve, see Solitarius.

167. Terminalis tractus spinalis nervi trigemini (JNA), a final kernel of a spinal way of a trifacial, see, Spinalis nervi trigemini.

168. Thoracicus (PNA), chest kernel; synonym: nucl. dorsalis (JNA), nucl. dorsalis (Stillingi, Clarkei) (BNA). It is located at medial edge of a neck of a back horn of a spinal cord at the level of Cvni — Sh, most developed in a chest part of a spinal cord. Value: the center of switching of the impulses of proprioceptive sensitivity going to a cerebellum.

169. Tractus mesencephalici nervi trigemini (PNA), a kernel of a srednemozgovy way of a trifacial, see Mesencephalicus nervi trigemini.

170. Tractus solitarii (JNA, BNA), a kernel of a single way, see Solitarius.

171. Tractus spinalis nervi trigemini (BNA), a kernel of a spinal way of a trifacial, see Spinalis nervi trigemini.

172. Trochlearis (PNA), a block kernel, see Nervi trochlearis.

173. Ventrales posteriores (PNA), back

ventral kernels. Are located in a thalamus ventrolateralny an internal brain plate, occupy a half of length of a thalamus, ventrally border on an uncertain zone, and lateralno — on an outside brain plate, treat vent-rolateralny kernels of a thalamus. Value: center of switching of impulses

of somatic and flavoring sensitivity.

174. Ventralis anterior (PNA), front

ventral kernel. It is located in a thalamus of a kpereda from a lateral ventral kernel, treats ventrolateralny kernels of a thalamus. Value: to an affa

rent fibers go from a pale sphere, efferent — reach a limit in bark of the precentral crinkle, a frontal lobe and an island.

175. Ventralis corporis trapezoidei (PNA), front kernel of a trapezoid body. Is in a trapezoid body of a varoliyev of the bridge. Value: center of switching of impulses of acoustical sensitivity.,

176. Ventralis lateralis (PNA), lateral ventral kernel. Is in a thalamus of a kpereda from back ventral kernels, treats ventrolateralny kernels of a thalamus. Value: afferent fibers go from a red kernel of a mesencephalon, a gear kernel of a cerebellum, a pale sphere, and efferent come to an end in bark of the precentral crinkle.

177. Ventralis medialis (PNA), medial

Nov ventral kernel. Is located in a thalamus most medially from all kernels, treats ventrolateralny kernels of a thalamus. Value: the center pereklyu

a cheniya of the impulses going from a cerebellum to bark of a great brain.

178. Ventrolateralis (PNA), anterolateral kernel. Is located in lateral department of the forefront of a front horn of a spinal cord at the level of CIV — vm, Ln — Si. Value: gives rise to the motive fibers innervating muscles of extremities.

179. Ventromedialis (PNA), anteromedial kernel. Is in an anteromedial part of a front horn of a spinal cord at the level of the Joint venture — LIV. Value: gives rise to the motive fibers innervating muscles of a torso.

180. Vestibulares (PNA), vestibular

nuclei; synonym of nucll. nervi vestibularis (BNA). Carry the lower, upper, lateral and medial vestibular nuclei to them (see Vestibularis caudalis, Vestibularis cranialis, Vestibularis lateralis, Vestibularis medialis). Are located in a brain trunk at the level of the vestibular field of a rhomboid pole. Value: centers feather

of a klyucheniye of neurons of a vestibular way.

181. Vestibularis caudalis (PNA), lower vestibular nucleus; synonym: nucl. vestibularis inferior (PNA), kernel of the Scooter., Vestibulares Treats vestibular nuclei, see.

182. Vestibularis cranialis (PNA), upper vestibular nucleus; synonym: nucl. vestibularis superior (PNA), Bekhterev's kernel. Treats vestibular nuclei, see Vestibulares.

183. Vestibularis inferior (PNA), the lower vestibular nucleus, see

Vestibularis caudalis 184. Vestibularis lateralis (PNA), lateral vestibular nucleus; synonym Deyters's kernel. Treats vestibular nuclei, see Vestibulares.

185. Vestibularis medialis (PNA), medial vestibular nucleus; synonym Shvalbe's kernel. Treats vestibular nuclei, see Vestibulares.

186. Vestibularis superior (PNA), an upper vestibular nucleus, see, Vestibularis cranialis.

Addition to the list of the main kernels of the central nervous system (the list of the names of the kernels which do not have Latin equivalents found in literature)

1. Bekhtereva a kernel, see Vestibularis cranialis.

2., Giant-cell reticular kernel. Begins at the level of the upper edge

of the central and paramedian reticular kernels, comes to an end at the level of an upper pole of a kernel of a facial nerve, treats kernels of the central part of a reticular formation. Value: the descending fibers form the reticular and spinal ways ascending reach a limit in kernels top and bottom

hillocks of a roof of a mesencephalon and a hypothalamus.

3. Guddena of a kernel. Carry front and back kernels of a trapezoid body to them, see Dorsalis corporis trapezoidei, Ventralis corporis trapezoidei.

4. Darkshevich a kernel, see Commissu-ralis.

5., Deytersa kernel, Vestibularis lateralis.

6. A dorsal reticular kernel, see. Reticular parvotsellyulyarny kernel.

7. Kakhalya a kernel, see Interstitialis.

8. Kellikera a kernel, see Fastigii.

9. The Kornukomissuralny dorsal kernel, see the Bases of a back horn of a kernel.

10. Lateral serobugorny kernel. Is located in a lateral zone of a hypothalamus of a knaruzha from a column of the arch and a mastoidal and thalamic bunch. Value: vegetative center.

11. Lateral reticular kernel. It is located between the lower olive kernel and an outer surface of a myelencephalon at the level of the lower two thirds of the lower olive kernel. Treats kernels of a reticular formation. Value: the center of switching of the impulses going from a spinal cord and bark of a great brain to a cerebellum.

12. Lateral cervical kernel. At a forehead

of a century it is developed poorly. Is located about the anterolateral edge of jellylike substance of a back horn of a spinal cord at the level of S1Sh. Value: center

of switching of impulses of thin tactile sensitivity.

13. The Laterobazalny kernel, see the Bases of a back horn of a kernel.

14. Medial deep kernel. Is in the bottom of a tire of a mesencephalon near a median seam, ventral-it a medial longitudinal bunch, treats kernels of the central part of a reticular formation. Value: the descending fibers go to a spinal cord, ascending — to kernels of top and bottom hillocks of a roof of a mesencephalon and to a hypothalamus.

15. The Mediobazalny kernel, see the Bases of a back horn of a kernel.

16. Paramedian reticular kernel.

It is located near a median seam of a myelencephalon, dorsalny the lower olive kernel, at the level of its average third; treats kernels of a reticular formation. Value: the center

of switching of the impulses going from a spinal cord and bark of a great brain to a cerebellum.

17. Bases of a back horn of a kernel.

Carry to them kornukomissuralny dorsal, laterobazalny and mediobazalny kernels. Are in the basis of a back horn of a spinal cord, are often badly delimited, form columns of various thickness. Value is not found out.

18. Front periventrikulyarny kernel. Is located in the form of a thin coat of cells in a periventrikulyarny zone of a hypothalamus along a lateral wall of the third ventricle, treats kernels of a periventrikulyarny zone of a hypothalamus. Value: vegetative center.

19. Periventrikulyarnoye before an opticha

a sky kernel. Is located in the form of a thin coat of cells in a periventrikulyarny zone of a hypothalamus along a lateral wall of the third ventricle, treats kernels of a periventrikulyarny zone of a hypothalamus. Value: vegetative center.

20. Perifornikalny kernel. It is located in the field of a funnel, in a median zone of a hypothalamus around a column of the arch, treats its kernels. Value: vegetative center.

21. Premastoidal kernel. Is located in a median zone of a hypothalamus of a kpereda from a medial kernel of a mastoidal body, treats its kernels. Value: vegetative center.

22. Transparent partition of a kernel. Are located in an end brain ahead of front commissure under a knee of a corpus collosum, from the septal field from top to bottom. Value: center of switching of impulses of olfactory sensitivity *

23. Reticular parvotsellyulyarny

kernel; synonym dorsal reticular kernel. The varoliyeva of the bridge and a mesencephalon dorsolateralny kernels of the central part of a reticular formation (giant-cell, caudal and cranial bridge reticular kernels, a medial deep kernel) is located throughout a myelencephalon. Treats kernels of the central part of a reticular formation. Value: the integration

center coordinating function of kernels of cranial nerves.

24. Reticular kernel of a tire of the bridge. Holds central position in a tire of the bridge, being located near a median seam, treats kernels of a reticular formation. Value: the center of switching of the impulses going from a spinal cord and bark of a great brain to a cerebellum.

25. A scooter a kernel, see Vestibularis caudalis.

26. Serobugorno-sostsevidnoye kernel. Is between front commissure and a terminal plate, treats kernels of a lateral zone of a hypothalamus. Value: vegetative center.

27. Median preoptical kernel. It is located in a median zone of a hypothalamus, dorsolateralny a periventrikulyar-ny preoptical kernel. Value: vegetative center.

28. Suprasostsevidny (nadeostsevid-ny) kernel. Is dorsalny a medial kernel of a mastoidal body, treats kernels of a median zone of a hypothalamus. Value: vegetative center.

29 «Staderini a kernel, see Intercalatus.

30. Central reticular kernel of a myelencephalon. Is dorsalny lower olive and lateral reticular kernels, medially borders on a paramedian reticular kernel, is located from the level of the lower bound of a myelencephalon to the level of an upper part of a kernel of a spinal way of a trifacial, treats kernels of the central part of a reticular formation. Value: the descending fibers of a kernel form the reticular and spinal ways ascending — reach a limit in kernels top and bottom hillocks of a roof of a mesencephalon and a hypothalamus.

31. Shvalbe a kernel, see Vestibularis medialis.

32. Edingera — Vestfalya a kernel, see

Oculomotorius accessorius.

33. Jacobson a kernel, see Paramedianus dorsalis.

34. Yakubovich a kernel, see Oculomotorius accessorius.

Bibliogrgrinstein A. M. Ways and centers of a nervous system, M., 1946;

Sarkisov S.A. Ocherksh on structure and function of a brain, M., 1964;

With e p p E. K. Istoriya of development of a nervous system of vertebrata, M., 1959; With 1 and and M. of Das Nervensystem des Menschen, Lpz., 1959; D e 1 m a s A. Voies et centers ner-veux, P., 1970; Laget P. Elements de neuro-anatomie fonctionnelle, t. 4, P., 1973; L a z o r t h e s G. Le systfcme nerveux central, P., 1973. E. I. Borzyak.

Яндекс.Метрика