KENNEDY SYNDROME (F. Kennedy, amer. neurologist, 1884 — 1952; synonym: basofrontal syndrome, Foster — Kennedy a syndrome) — a combination of primary atrophy of an optic nerve on one eye and a congestive nipple on another. To. by page it is described in 1911. It can develop at various intracranial processes leading to a unilateral prelum of an optic nerve, and further to increase in intracranial pressure. In the course of a compression of an optic nerve consistently develop central scotoma (see), blanching of a nipple and decrease in sight. With approach of the general intracranial hypertensia on other party appears congestive nipple (see); on an eye with an atrophy of a disk stagnation is not formed. To. the page meets at intracranial tumors of different localization, but most often at gliomas of the basis of a frontal lobe, meningiomas of an olfactory pole and a medial part of a small wing of a wedge-shaped bone. Among not tumoral diseases To. villages observed at an optiko-hiazmalny arachnoiditis, a craniocereberal injury, atherosclerosis and aneurism of an internal carotid artery, at intracranial abscesses, parasitic cysts and infectious granulomas (in particular, at a gumma).
To. the page at volume processes can regress after timely operational treatment.
Bibliography: Bing R. and Brückner R. Mozg and an eye, lane with it., page 148, L., 1959; Tronas E. Zh. Diseases of a visual way, page 100, D., 1968, bibliogr.; Kennedy F. Retrobulbar neuritis as an exact diagnostic sign of certain tumors and abscesses in the frontal lobes, Amer. J. med. Sci., v. 142, p. 355, 1911; Merritt H. H. A textbook of neurology, Philadelphia, 1973; Neurologie, hrsg. v. J. Quandt u. H. Sommer, Bd 1, S. 281, Bd 2, S. 581, Lpz., 1974, Bibliogr.
V. V. Mikheyev.