KALININGRAD GROUP OF RESORTS — the seaside climatic and mud resorts and sanatoria located on the bank of the Zemlandsky peninsula along the coast of the Baltic Sea at distance of 32 — 40 km from Kaliningrad. In structure To. to. the resorts of Zelenogradsk, Otradnoye, Pioneer, Svetlogorsk, and also tubercular sanatorium near Sovetsk enter.
Climate To. to. it is characterized in rather soft, warm winter (in January average t ° — 5 °), in not hot summer (in July average t ° 17 °); the spring is colder than fall. In a year drops out apprx. 700 mm of rainfall. Relative humidity in the fall, in the winter and early spring of 80 — 82%, in summer months in the afternoon — apprx. 60 — 65%. Number of hours of sunshine for a year 1660, from them in the summer — 720. From October to March fogs are frequent. The soil of resort settlements sandy, dry, well absorbs moisture. In the neighborhood of resorts there is a field of the peat fresh-water Burnt dirt which is applied in resort mud baths.
The main to lay down. factors — seaside climate, sea bathings (since the beginning of June to the middle of September), peat dirt.
Zelenogradsk is located on sowing. the coast of the Zemlandsky peninsula, in 32 km from Kaliningrad. The beach, Krom is adjoined by sanatorium and all-spa facilities, has almost two-kilometer extent and width of 200 m. In the resort function sanatorium Zelenogradsk for treatment of patients with diseases of bodies of blood circulation, a nervous system, musculoskeletal system, gynecologic. In sanatorium there is a balneary where the pine and artificial radonic needle baths prepared on sea water are carried out; mud baths, and also necessary medical and diagnostic offices. The physical therapy, LFK, massage, an oxygen therapy are widely used. There are two sanatoria for children (psychoneurological and for patients with bone tuberculosis). Also the Zelenogradsk rest house located in a coastal strip and its Lesnoye branch — on the bank of the Baltic Sea, in one of picturesque places of Curonian Spit function.
Otradnoye is in 40 km from Kaliningrad (on the enclosed card it is not specified) on the high coast of the Baltic Sea, in the big park with the mixed vegetation which is directly adjoining to extensive, preferential coniferous, the wood. In the resort the sanatorium Otradnoye for treatment of patients with diseases of bodies of blood circulation and a nervous system functions. Patients accommodate in small well-planned cottages. Are available a balneary where the pine, artificial radonic and carbonic needle baths prepared on sea water are carried out; mud baths, ingalyatoriya, fotariya, and also necessary medical and diagnostic offices and laboratories. In the resort well equipped beach, sports grounds. Also children's sanatorium for treatment of patients with diseases of a respiratory organs of not tubercular character functions.
Pionersk is located in 38 km from Kaliningrad on the bank of the Baltic Sea. The sanatorium with two departments functions: for adults (patients with bone tuberculosis and tuberculosis of urinogenital system) and for children and teenagers (patients with bone tuberculosis).
Svetlogorsk is located in 38 km from Kaliningrad in the hilly beauty spot with various vegetation. About sowing. sides of the resort the steep slope which is going down to the melkopeschany beach with yuzh. the parties there is a fresh-water lake. Silent. In the resort the sanatorium Svetlogorsk for treatment of patients with diseases of bodies of blood circulation and a nervous system, tubercular sanatorium «Forest» with departments for adults and children functions; besides, there are children's sanatoria: pulmonary and tubercular, bronkhopulmonologichesky and rheumatological. Sanatoria are equipped with all necessary medical and diagnostic offices. There are balnearies and mud baths.
In 4 km from Sovetsk in the pine wood the sanatorium for the adults sick with bone tuberculosis and tuberculosis of urinogenital system is located. Along with a climatotherapy ortopedo-surgical treatment is carried out medicamentous, and if necessary according to indications. The sanatorium is equipped with medical and diagnostic offices, the wedge, base Leningrad in-that surgical tuberculosis is.
During the summer period in resorts To. to. several summer camps function.
Indications: koronarokardioskleroz, a cardiosclerosis miokarditichesky or atherosclerotic, effects of a myocardial infarction (with prescription of a disease over a year) in the absence of frequent attacks of stenocardia, heart diseases without disturbance of blood circulation are higher the I degrees, an idiopathic hypertensia of I and II degrees, hypotension; functional diseases of a nervous system — asthenic states and vegetovascular dysfunctions, a neurasthenia; diseases of a respiratory organs of not tubercular character; pulmonary tuberculosis, bone tuberculosis and tuberculosis of urinogenital system; obesity, easy forms of a diffusion toxic craw; ginekol. the diseases, secondary anemias (except for anemia owing to malignant diseases) which are not demanding treatment in hospital conditions, Pernicious anemia and an iron deficiency anemia in a stage a wedge, remissions (in summertime of year). Contraindications — see. Sanatorium selection, table .
Bibliography Health resorts of labor unions of the USSR, under the editorship of I. I. Kozlov, page 68, M., 1973; The Resorts of the USSR, under the editorship of S. V. Kurashov, etc., page, 160, M., 1962.
F. G. Portnov.