INSURANCE MEDICINE — the form of medical care and social insurance of workers accepted in many capitalist countries. Page of m it is most characteristic (along with private medical practice and private to lay down. institutions) for Western Europe (France, Germany, Italy, Austria, the Netherlands, the Scandinavian countries, etc.). The village of m is founded on obligatory insurance of the expenses on medical aid working with full or partial compensation by it from national funds (see. Social insurance ).
The page of m is a gain of workers and represents in comparison with private-capitalist more progressive form of providing working with medical aid. It cuts down expenses of workers on treatment and to a certain extent promotes increase in responsibility of the state for planning and management of health care (see). At the same time S. the m does not solve a number of large problems of the organization medical - a dignity. the help to the population, including does not provide it to general availability and a preventive orientation of health care.
Bibliography: Health care of foreign - the countries, under the editorship of O. P. Shchepin, M., 1981; T e r of 1 s M. The three world systems of medical care, trends and prospects, Wld Hlth Forum, v. 1, p. 78, 1980.
V. V. Fedorov.