From Big Medical Encyclopedia

INSULATING CHECK POINTS — the institutions intended for medical and sanitary and anti-epidemic providing organized groups of the population and staff of troops. And. - pct were created on. - stations, in ports also consisted under the authority of medical service of transport departments, and sometimes territorial zdravotdel.

In the Russian-Japanese war of 1904 — 1905 some functions I. - pct carried out the baths equipped at stations Chelyabinsk, Omsk, Krasnoyarsk, Irkutsk and Harbin for washing of the soldiers transported by rail. The patients revealed during long stops were sent to the next to lay down. institutions or transferred to commandants. - of stations.

And. - pct were for the first time created in 1914 by Ministry of Railways. In the beginning they serviced wounded and prisoners of war, and since 1916 in connection with growth of incidence of cholera, the typhoid and paratyphus to them assigned medical overseeing by all military echelons and passenger trains. By 1918 40 I functioned already. - pct. In 1920 on the railroads was available 172 and on waterways — 78 I. - pct. Each military echelon along the line was exposed to survey once a day and sanitary cleaning — once in 5 — 7 days. Upon termination of civil war for service of military transportations and immigrants 22 I was kept. - pct. During the Great Patriotic War network I. - pct again considerably extended.

In the period of the Great Patriotic War in function I. - pct entered: reception and medical - a dignity. survey of the arriving staff of troops; identification and temporary isolation of patients, infectious and suspicious on infectious diseases, the direction of infectious patients in the next to lay down. establishment; sanitary cleaning of the human contingents; disinfection and disinsection of linen, clothes, the baggage and other objects belonging to the people processed in sanitary inspection rooms, washing of linen of patients and medical staff; disinfection and disinsection of cars and transport in the absence of disinfection group on this node; rendering ambulatory medical aid by the patient following with echelons; identification of the persons which were in contact with infectious patients and the organization of medical overseeing by them; if necessary — the organization of immunization and emergency prevention; catering services of the patients and persons who are in the insulator; carrying out dignity. - a gleam, works among the arriving persons and patients who are in the insulator.

See also Cleansing , Sanitary inspection room .

V. E. Korostelev.