INDONESIA

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

INDONESIA, Republic of Indonesia — the state located on 3 thousand islands of the Malay Archipelago and the western part of the island New Guinea. The area is 1904,4 thousand km 2 , the population of 129,8 million people (1976), the capital — Jakarta (apprx. 6 million people, 1976). Administrative division — 26 provinces which are divided into districts and districts. Ofits. language — Indonesian. And. — republic. The supreme body of the government — the National advisory congress which elects for 5 years the head of state — the president of the republic. The legislature belongs to unicameral parliament — to Council of national representatives, and executive — to the president and the government.

INDONESIA

About a half of the territory of the country occupy mountains, other part low plains. Climate — equatorial.

A primary branch of national economy — agriculture, in Krom is occupied St. 70% of the population. The main food crops are rice, corn, batata, a peanut, soy. Rubber, a copra, tobacco, coffee, sugar, a carnation, tea, a cinchonic tree, quinine are exported. The country is rich with minerals — oil, tin, black coal, iron ore, manganese, bauxites. The mining industry is most developed.

The population in And. it is placed extremely unevenly: 2/3 lives on the islands of Java and Madura, apprx. 15% — in the cities.

V I. lives apprx. 360 nationalities and ethnic groups, the most numerous — Javanese, sundanets and madurets. The natural movement of the population on average for 1970 — 1975 (on 1000 people) made: birth rate — 42,9, mortality — 16,9, a natural increase of the population — 26,0.

Incidence of infectious and parasitic diseases is quite high. There are centers of plague. In 1975 48 387 cases of cholera, from them 3071 from the death are registered. The campaign of elimination of smallpox is successfully complete. High incidence of infectious hepatitis, typhoid and paratyphus, dysentery and other intestinal diseases is noted. Antimalarial actions captured a small part of the country.

Performs the general management of health care mines - in health care, a cut is engaged in planning and the organization of medical aid, training of personnel and questions of the budget. As a part of min.-va three general managements: medical aids, prevention and fight against infectious diseases and pharmaceutical. In each province there are public health departments. On administrative matters they are subordinated to governors of provinces, on medical — min.-vu health care. Min-in exercises control of activity of those provincial institutions which are financed by it. In each district there is a chief physician of the district who is administratively subordinated to the authorities of the district, and on medical questions — the director of health service of the province. In districts medical aid is provided with the centers and points of health care.

Hospital help in 1971 would be given in 1199 on 86 022 beds (apprx. 0,7 beds on 1000 people), from them 748 state BCs on 67 152 beds and 451 private-tsa on 18 870 beds (1971). Most BC is in rural areas. Distribution of bed fund is presented in the table.

Table. DISTRIBUTION of BED FUND IN INDONESIA in 1971.


V I. there are 1800 centers for protection of motherhood and the childhood and to planning of a family and 2020 centers of health care which are giving extra hospital help to the population, carrying out preventive actions for decrease in infectious incidence and a dignity. to education.

Security with medical shots in And. low. In 1973 6220 doctors worked (1 doctor had on 20 028 zhit.), 1510 druggists, 10 840 midwifes, 14 230 nurses and support personnel.

Medical education is carried out on 11 state and 16 private medical f-takh which in 1972 let out 700 doctors. Them 6 — 7 years are continued to prepare (after 12 years' training at school). Dentists have 6 years' training in 6 stomatol, schools. Druggists study within 5 — 6 years at 7 schools. For training of the diplomaed nurses 6 academic schools function. Besides, there are 61 sisterly and 55 obstetric schools and 124 schools training assistants to nurses and midwifes (1972).


Bibliography: The fourth review of a condition of health care in the world (1 £6 5 — 1968), page 274, Geneva, WHO, 1973.

I. I. Sluchevsky.

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