From Big Medical Encyclopedia

INDIVIDUAL MEANS OF PROTECTION — the devices, special clothes and medicines intended for the prevention or reduction of harmful action by a human body of radioactive, toxic agents and bacterial means, some environmental factors and conditions of production.

Depending on the nature of the acting agent I. page z. subdivide into means of protection from mechanical, thermal, light, sound, chemical, biol, the factors ionizing and other types of radiation. To the most widespread And. page z. belong gas masks (see), respirators (see), antinoise (see), safety spectacles (see. Points, protective ), and also different types of general and special clothes and footwear (see. Footwear protective , Clothes protective ), the medical means of protection intended for individual use — antidotes of OV (see), antiradiation drugs (see. Antiactinic protection, chemical , Radioprotectors ), first-aid antigas kit (see), a first-aid dressing kit (see. Package dressing individual ), protective ointments, films. Considerable development was gained And. page z. from action of mechanical factors (bullet-proof vests, helmets, helmets, fastened belts). In quality And. page z. make-shifts, napr, for protection of a respiratory organs — a wadded gauze bandage, an antidust fabric mask, for protection of eyes — points with dark glasses, for protection of skin — waterproof capes, raincoats from synthetic fabric, etc. can be used. However helpers And. page z. provide incomplete and short-term protection.

See also Protection against means of war of defeat .

Bibliography: Egorov P. T., Shlyakhov I. A. and Alabin N. I. Civil protection, M., 1977; Ways of protection against nuclear, chemical and bacteriological weapon, under the editorship of N. S. Pokrovsky, M., 1965; Encyclopaedic

dictionary of military medicine, t. 2, 4, 5, M., 1947 — 1948.

Sh. P. Gladstein, D. G. Kucherenko.