HONDURAS, the Republic of Honduras — the state in Central America. Territory of 112 088 km 2 . Population of 2,98 million people (1975). The capital — Tegucigalpa (317 thousand zhit., 1975). Ofits. Spanish. The head of state and the governments — the president.
The most part of the territory — uplands. On S.-V. of the country — the boggy lowland (Mosquito Coast). The climate is tropical, passatny. Average monthly t ° 22 — 26 °.
— developing country. The basis of the economy — agriculture. The main industries of economy are controlled by the capital of the USA. Bananas, coffee, a sugarcane, a cotton, tobacco are grown up. The industry is presented by mostly handicraft enterprises.
Apprx. 90% of the population — ispanoindeysky metises. Vital rates (on 1000 people) in 1970 — 1975: birth rate — 43,0, the general mortality — 6,6, a natural increase — 36,4, child mortality — 34,1 on 1000 live-born. Average life expectancy — 49 years (1965 — 1970).
The important place in incidence of the population of G. is taken by infectious diseases; in 1968 they were the reason of child mortality in 60,7% of cases. The general infectious diseases mortality the same year made 227,9 on 100 000 persons. Most often malaria, an amebiasis, bacillar dysentery, a typhoid and paratyphus, infectious hepatitis, poliomyelitis, scarlet fever, whooping cough and diphtheria were registered. Tuberculosis and venereal diseases are widespread.
Medical - a dignity. service of the population will be organized by the Ministry of public health care and social security, at Krom there are departments of tuberculosis, epidemiology, improvement of the environment, strengthening of health, a dignity. education and laboratories. Activity of departments directs and the CEO of public health care controls. B-tsami the General management medical - a dignity knows. help.
It is divided into 7 regions of health care. In each area there would be at least one, the center of health care and posts of medical aid. Lech. - professional, the service provided with the ministry captured 68% of the population. In 1973 in G. there were 40 BCs on 4592 beds (1,15 beds on 1000 people), from them 3529 beds in 16 state-tsakh, 4-tsy on 498 beds under the authority of the charitable organizations and 17 BCs on 481 beds — private. From a total number of BC 34 on 3405 beds —-tsy the general type; 1 tubercular-tsa on 472 beds, 1 psychiatric on 205 beds and 1 institute of mother and the child on 426 beds. Distribution of BC and hospital beds extremely uneven: 85% of beds are concentrated in 4 cities where 15,3% of the population live. Out-patient service was carried out by polyclinic departments of BC, 37 policlinics, 73 centers of health care, posts of medical aid and 14 mobile medical crews. There were also centers of protection of motherhood and the childhood.
In 1974 in G. 874 doctors (1 doctor for 3352 inhabitants), 179 dentists worked. In public service was 296 nurses and midwifes, 1736 auxiliary sisters and midwifes, 4 physiotherapists, 138 technicians-laboratory assistants, 54 technicians-radiologists.
In un-those G. are available medical, stomatol., pharm. f-you. In 1969/70 uch. to year 24 doctors, 5 dentists, 6 druggists, 10 nurses, 144 assistants to nurses and 20 technicians-laboratory assistants were trained.
Expenses on health care in 1970 made 7,6% of the state budget.
Bibliography Draft of the program budget for 1976 and 1977 financial years, Ofits. documents of WHO, JSIa 220, page 533, Geneva, WHO, 1975; The Fourth review of a condition of health care in the world (1965 — 1968), page 188, Geneva, WHO, 1973.
E. V. Galakhov.