HAVKIN Vladimir Aronovich (1860 — 1930) is a domestic microbiologist and the epidemiologist.
In 1883 ended natural f-t Novorossiysk un-that in Odessa. Till 1888 worked in the Odessa zoological museum, then went to Switzerland, was privat - associate professor Zhenevsky un-that. In 1889 — 1893 worked under the leadership of I. I. Mechnikov in Pasterovskom in-those in Paris. In 1893 at the request of the government of Great Britain left to India for fight against cholera. Based in Bombay Bacteriological in-t, nowadays bearing his name. Since 1915 lived in Paris.
Scientific works of V. A. Havkin are devoted to hl. obr. to questions of fight against plague (see) and cholera (see). As a result of its researches indirect demonstrations of the infectious nature of cholera were for the first time obtained (as opposed to widespread then intoksikatsionny theory of developing of this disease). In
1892 he suggested to use the killed anticholeraic vaccine, was influenced by it and then applied in wide scales in India. For works but vaccination against cholera it was conferred in 1909 an award of the Parisian medical academy. Outstanding achievement was
the inactivated vaccine against plague which allowed to reduce sharply bubonic plague mortality offered by V. A. Havkin in 1896. The antiplague vaccine of Havkin was widely used for fight against plague in a number of the countries. A part of works
of V. A. Havkin was devoted to a problem of variability and adaptation of microorganisms.
Works: Technique of Haffkine’s anti-cholera inoculations, Lahore, 1894 (sovm. with other); La vaccination contre le cholera, la peste bobonique et la fievre typhoi'de et les experiences de bact^riotlierapie, Calcutta, 1909;
On prophylactic inoculation against plague and pneumonia, Calcutta, 1914.
Bibliography: Bornsi de G. H. Wal-demar Haffkine’s cholera vaccines and the Ferran-Haffkin priority dispute, J. Hist. Med., v. 37, p. 399, 1982; About 1 p p G.
Hervorragende Tropenarzte in Wort und Bild, Lpz., 1932. Yu. I. Milenushkin.