HANANASHVILI Mikhail Mikhaylovich

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

HANANASHVYLI Mikhail Mikhaylovich (sort. in 1928) — the Soviet physiologist, the academician of AMH (1984). The member of the CPSU since 1952.

In 1951 ended Tbilisi medical in-t, then the manager worked in Ying-those experimental medicine of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, from 1965 to 1975. department of physiology. Since 1975 the manager. laboratory on studying of behavior of animals Ying-that physiology of AN of the Georgian SSR, and since 1980 the director same in-that. Doctor of medical

sciences (1962), professor (1968).

M. M. Hananashvili is the author of St. 200 scientific works, including 11 monographs, concerning physiology and pathology of higher nervous activity. Its main researches are devoted to studying of the general patterns and mechanisms of conditioned reflexes of the person and it is normal of animals also at pathology. The hypothesis of the integrated systems of conditioned reflexes as functional units of irregular shapes of behavior, about microsystems of the «studying» neurons as structurally functional links of an uslovnoreflektorny form of memory is offered them. The special attention of M. M. Hananashvili is concentrated on development of the problem of experimental neurosises (see Neurosises experimental) which is put forward and evidence-based by I. P. Pavlov. Classification of experimental neurosises is offered, idea of the information neurosises arising in the conditions of deficit of time necessary for the analysis, processing and assimilation of high-significant information is formulated. By means of the technique of the neyronalno-isolated bark (1971) of M. M. Hananashvili offered and developed by it determined nek-ry consistent patterns of short circuit of temporary communication on neurons of a cerebral cortex.

M. M. Hananashvili is the deputy of the Supreme Council of the Georgian SSR. He is the chairman of the All-Union problem commission of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences on higher nervous activity and its neurophysiological bases, the head of the comprehensive program «Experimental neurosises» of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences and the section of the researches «Experimental Pathology and Therapy of Neurosises» on the Brain program of Academy of Sciences of the USSR; the board member Vsesoyuznogo physiological about-va of I. P. Pavlov, the associate editor of «Magazine of higher nervous activity of I. P. Pavlov». For researches of mechanisms of conditioned reflexes it is conferred an award of I. P. Pavlov of Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1976). The member of a row foreign scientific about - century

of Works: Pilot study

of the central mechanisms of visual function, tsiss., L., 1961; Situational conditioned reflexes are normal also of pathology, L., 1964 (sovm. with other); Neyronalno-izolirovannaya bark, L., 1971; Mechanisms of normal and pathological uslovnoreflektorny activity, L., 1972; Information neurosises, L., 1978; Experimental pathology of higher nervous activity, M., 1978; The Functional and structural organization of memory is normal also of pathology, Tbilisi, 1980 (sovm. with other); Academician L. A. Orbeli, Tbilisi, 1982 (sovm. from Arutyunova M. G.); Pathology: higher nervous activity (behavior), M., 1983. V. A. Makarov.