GUADELOUPE — possession of France in the Center. To America (the lake of Guadeloupe and small islands in the archipelago of Lesser Antilles). Territory of 1,8 thousand km 2 . Population of St. 350 thousand, people (1975). Administrative center Basse-Terre (15 833 people, 1972). The country is divided into three districts. Ofits. French. Since 1946 — «overseas department» of France. The chief executive — the prefect appointed by the fr. government. There is an electoral General council, the rights to-rogo are limited.
G.'s relief mountainous. Mountains are covered with the wet rainforest. The climate is tropical, an amount of precipitation of 1500 — 2000 mm a year.
— developing country, the basis of the economy — agriculture. The sugarcane, bananas, coffee, cocoa is grown up. The livestock production is rather developed.
There are industrial enterprises for processing of page - x. products, mainly sugarcane.
The vast majority of the population — Blacks and mulattos. Vital rates in 1973 (for 1000 zhit.): birth rate — 28,0, the general mortality — 7,3, a natural increase — 20,0, child mortality — 34,6 on 1000 live-born.
In structure of incidence of the population infectious and parasitic diseases prevail (tuberculosis, a typhoid and paratyphus, a leprosy, helminthoses, etc.), also diseases of cardiovascular system gain distribution.
In 1971 in G. there were 25 hospitals on 3566 beds (107,4 beds on 10 thousand population). Hospitals and beds in them were distributed as follows: 22 general hospitals (2740 beds), 1 rural (46 beds), 1 tubercular (50 beds), 1 psychiatric (550 beds) and 1 leper colony (180 beds). In 1970 in the country there were 8 state hospitals on 2371 beds. Extra hospital help (1969) was given by polyclinic departments of 3 hospitals, 17 policlinics, 37 clinics, 64 first-aid posts, and also 3 mobile groups; the specialized polyclinic help was carried out by 37 clinics on health protection of mother and child, 4 psychiatric clinics. Point of school hygiene watched health of pupils.
In G. 208 doctors (1973), from them 64 — in the public medical institutions worked. Besides, there were 45 stomatologists, 68 druggists, 83 midwifes, 581 nurses, 95 assistants to nurses and assistants to midwifes. In the country only the paramedical staff at two sisterly schools with a 3-year course prepares; in 1969/70 academic year 35 nurses are let out.
Bibliography: Countries of Latin America (political and economic reference book), page 145, M., 1969; Demographic yearbook 1971, p. 126, N. Y., 1972; World Health Statistics Annual 1970, at. 1, p. 11, Geneva, 1973; World Health Statistics Report, V. 25, No. 3, p. 184, 1972; v. 28, 3, p. 106,1975.
A. A. Rozov.