GRJSINGER Wilhelm (Griesinger Wilhelm, 1817 — 1868) is the German psychiatrist, one of founders of scientific and clinical psychiatry.
Ended Tuebingen un-t in 1838. It was improved in Paris at F. Ma-zhandi, with '1839 worked in an insane hospital of Fridrikhskha-fen, in the subsequent within two years there was an expert
sistenty Tsellera (E. A. Zeller) in psikhiatrich e with to about y to hospital Vinnen-tal, since 1847 professor of the general pathology and history of medicine in Kiel, and since 1854
the department chair of internal diseases
in Tuebingen. Since 1864 and to sa
wash death headed department of psychiatry in Berlin.
V. Grizinger's researches promoted creation of theoretical bases and development of own methodology in psychiatry. In development of psychiatry its work «Mental and reflex activity» (1843) was of great importance. In the work «New Data to Physiology and Pathology of a Brain» (1844) it developed the provision that mental activity represents function of a brain. According to this conclusion V. Grizinger formulated definition of mental diseases as diseases of a brain. He considered what the purpose of psychiatry shall become anatomo-fiziol. studying of mental diseases.
The psychiatry, according to V. Grizinger, considers diffusion
damages of a brain, to-rye are shown preferential by disturbances of mental activity. When anatomic substrate of a disease does not manage to be found out, he considered necessary allocation of separate forms of mental diseases on the basis of set of characteristic symptoms and features of their current. Psikhopatol. frustration reflect depth and features of a current patol. process in a brain. The pathogenetic understanding of mental diseases was formulated by V. Grizinge-r in the concept of a unitary psychosis (see a unitary psychosis).
V. Grizinger possesses important clinical and psychopathological trials. It described long (protragirovanny) rheumatic psychoses; features of displays of a dipsomania (see. Alcoholic psychoses) and its communication with epilepsy; symptomatology of cysticercosis of a brain and hematomas of a firm meninx (Grizinger's symptom); the description of a symptom of the made and taken away thoughts is given; the main signs of pseudohallucinations are noted (see Kandinsky — Klerambo a syndrome); the form of persuasive states — «sterile sophistication» is allocated; communication of maintenance of the crazy ideas with the features of outlook of people dominating at present is studied and it is shown that in some cases the nonsense develops initially (so-called primordialny nonsense), but does not follow a stage of affective frustration, according to the concept of a unitary psychosis; the general patterns of personal changes at various mental diseases during initial stages of their development are revealed and at their sluggish current.
V. Grizinger promoted association of psychiatry and neuropathology in one clinical discipline. With its assistance the Germany's first psychoneurological policlinic was open. In 1867 he created Berlin medico-psychological about-in (nowadays Society of psychiatrists and neuropathologists); based and began to issue the Archiv fur Psychiatrie und Nervenkrank-heiten magazine. V. Grizinger entered the principle of not constraint into a wedge, practice (see. Mentally sick). Understanding an important role of paramedical staff during the leaving for mentally sick, it promoted radical improvement of its preparation.
Works: Die Pathologie and Therapie der psychischen Krankheiten fiir Arzte und Studierende, Stuttgart, 1845, 1861; Sincere diseases, the lane with it., SPb., 1867, 1881.
Bibliography: Kannabikh Yu. V.
History of psychiatry, page 274, D., 1928;
Shternberg E. Ja. Wilhelm Grisinger (To the 150 anniversary since birth), Zhurn. neuropath, and psikhiat., t. 67, century 7, page 1088, 1967; Met te A. Wilhelm Griesinger, Lpz., 1976; T h i e 1 e R. Wilhelm Griesinger, in book: Grosse Nervenarzte, hrsg-at. K. KoJle, Bd 1, S. 115, Stuttgart, 1956.
H. G. Shumsky