GRENADA — the state on the island of the same name and a number of small islands (the Southern Grenadines) in group of Navetrenny islands in the Caribbean Sea. Territory of 344 km 2 , population 100 thousand (1975). The capital and St. George's port (30 thousand zhit. with suburbs, 1973). Enters the British Commonwealth of Nations (it is shaven.). Ofits. English. Gained independence on February 7, 1974; the head of state — the English queen, to-ruyu represents the governor. The legislature belongs to parliament; executive power is carried out by Council of ministers.
The climate is subequatorial, sea. Basis of the economy agriculture. Main cultures: bananas, cocoa and nutmeg, cotton, citrus, sugarcane. The livestock production, fishery and forestry is developed. The industry is presented by the enterprises producing oil, rum, beer, cigarettes, soft drinks. Tourism develops.
The population — the most part of the person of the African origin and metises. Average population density of 291 people on 1 km 2 . Zhit vital rates for 1000. (1974): birth rate 26,2, general mortality 7,5, natural increase 18,7; child mortality 31,5 on 1000 live-born (in 1970 — 34,0). Average life expectancy (1959 — 1961) men — 60 years, women — 65 years.
In 1971 the following infectious diseases most often were registered: flu, measles, whooping cough, bacillar dysentery and amebiasis, typhoid and paratyphus. Incidence of venereal diseases, especially is noted by gonorrhea: in 1972 1900 cases were registered. The leading place in structure of mortality (1971) was taken by cardiovascular diseases, malignant new growths, pneumonia, bacillar dysentery, an amebiasis and others went. - kish. diseases.
Only 44% of city and 20% of country people were provided with the water handling brought to houses; 29% of city dwellers live in the houses connected to system of the sewerage.
Activity in the field of health care in the country is headed by the Ministry of Health, housing construction and work. The chief medical specialist who is the consultant of the minister is responsible for work of all medical - a dignity. services, the chief specialist on public health care, the doctor organizer of health care, the specialist on a dignity are subordinated to it. to education and chief nurse. In 1971 in G. there were 8 medical institutions on 692 beds (6,9 beds for 1000 zhit.). The extra hospital help was private medical practitioners, and also in 3 out-patient departments of BC, 5 centers of health care and at 23 medical stations. Service of women and children was carried out in 36 centers.
In G. in 1971 21 doctors worked (1 doctor on 4857 zhit.), from them 14 in public service, 5 dentists; 29 druggists; 121 midwifes and 130 nurses. In G. there is a sisterly school with a three-year course. In 1971/72 academic year 12 nurses were let out.
Bibliography: Draft of the program budget for 1976 and 1977 financial years, page 521, Geneva, WHO, 1975; Fourth review of a condition of health care of e world (1965 — 1968), page 242, Geneva, WHO, 1973.
B. V. Galakhov.