GOFFMANN Friedrich (Hoffmann Friedrich, 1660 — 1742) — the German therapist.
Upon termination of Iyensky un-that in 1683 it was improved in Leiden (Holland) at G. Burkhava and the English scientist R. Boyle, and then worked as the practical doctor in Germany. Since 1694 professor a wedge, medicine un-that in Halle where carried out the most part of life. In 1709 — 1712 the physician-in-ordinary at the Prussian Royal Court (Berlin). Was under the influence of philosophical views of G. Leibniz. In medical views adjoined yatrofizika. F. Goffmann considered a basis of a structure of an organism threadlike particles (fibers) capable to be reduced and extend. It developed the «dynamic» doctrine about the movement in an organism (blood, digestive juices and, etc.) as to a basis of health and about the termination of the movement, obstruction as to a cause of illness. The movements, or «tone», an organism are regulated, according to F. Goffmann, by a nervous fluid (ether), coming from brain ventricles. Between nek-ry bodies there is an interrelation in the form of «sympathy» (between nervous and digestive systems, between a mat *> which and chest gland). Therapy, according to F. Goffmann, shall come down or to calm, emptying (at the raised tone and the strengthened movements), or to excitement, irritation (at the lowered tone and the weakened movements).
It widely applied a diet, bloodlettings, mineral waters at treatment of patients; studied curative sources, promoted development of resort business. Doctrine F. Goffmanna in 18 century was popular in a number of the countries and exerted impact on formation of views of J. Broun and U. Kullen in England and F. B of Ruse — in France.
The pharmaceuticals applied long time are offered them: drops, balm and an elixir,
the Crimea the name F is appropriated. Goffmanna.
Works: Medicinae mechanicae idea universalis, Halle, 1693 — 1694; Medicina rationalis systematica, Halle, 1718 — 1740; Medicina concultatoria, Halle, 1721 — 1739; Opera omnia physicomedica, Genevae, 1748 — 1753.
Bibliography: Gezer. Fundamentals of history of medicine, the lane with it., page 312, Kazan, 1890; Biographisches Lexikon der hervorra-genden Arzte, hrsg. v. A. Hirsch, Bd 3, B. — Wien, 1931.