GIRGOLAV Semyon Semenovich (1881 — 1957) — the Soviet surgeon, the honored worker of science of RSFSR (1935), the academician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (1944), the winner of the State award USSR (1943), the lieutenant general of medical service. Ended VMA in 1904 and it was left in academy, in the clinic run by M. S. Subbotin. In 1907 defended the dissertation about use of the isolated epiploon in belly surgery. In 1908 — 1910 served as the doctor on the Baltic Fleet. Since 1911 worked in VMA as the assistant, the senior assistant to department of the general surgery, to-ruyu V. A. Oppel headed, and in 1919 became the chief of this department. In the subsequent directed department of hospital surgery (1937—1942, 1946—1953), and since 1953 was professor - the consultant of the Academic council of academy. In 1942 — 1945 — the deputy chief surgeon of the Soviet Army. Since 1932 was the research supervisor Leningrad research in-that traumatology and orthopedics.
S. S. Girgolav published more than 120 scientific works devoted to hl. obr. to problems of field surgery, traumatology, cold injury. It studied morphology and biochemical, processes in wounds during various periods of healing, classification of wounds is offered. In the monograph «Bullet wound» it generalized experience of treatment of wounds and a wound fever in days of the Great Patriotic War. For the scientific research published in the book «Action of Cold on Fabric», development and improvement of methods of treatment of freezing injuries of S. S. Girgolav (together with T. Ya. Aryev and V. N. Sheynis) it was conferred the State award USSR (1943).
With active participation S. S. Girgolava the first Soviet guides to the general and specialty surgery, a .travmatologiya and field surgery were created. He was an associate editor, the author and the editor of a number of sections of the multivolume work «Experience of the Soviet Medicine in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 — 1945.», was three times elected the chairman Hirurgicheskogo about-va of N. I. Pirogov, consisted the board member Vsesoyuznogo about-va surgeons. In 1 prod. BME was an editor of redotdel «Surgery» and «Surgery of a chest cavity». It is awarded by two Orders of Lenin, three awards of the Red Banner, awards of the Labour Red Banner, the Red Star and medals.
Works: Experimental data to a question of use of the isolated epiploon in belly surgery, a yew., SPb., 1907; Freezing injury, L., 1940; The Specialty surgery, M. — L., 1941 (an edition sovm, with other); Textbook of a specialty surgery, t. 1 — 2, M., 1944 (sovm, with Levitte V. S.); Bullet wound, L., 1956.
Bibliography: Aryev T. Ya. To death S. S. Girgolava, Surgery, No. 8, page 132, 1957; Weinstein V. G. Life and activity S. S. Girgolava, Vestn, hir., t.& 108, JSI 1, page 148, 1972; Lytkin M. I. and L of e about N about in I. T. Outstanding military surgeon, Surgery, No. 12, page 110, 1971.