GIPOTALAMO-TALAMICHESKIE OF THE WAY

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

GIPOTALAMO-TALAMICHESKIE OF THE WAY - the system of nervous bonds between a hypothalamus and overlying departments of the central nervous system which is carried out through a visual hillock. Distinguishes efferent and afferent pathways hypothalamus (see). Treat efferent pathways: 1) a medial bunch (fasciculus longitudinalis medialis) of a neoncephalon connecting basal kernels of a great brain with a hypothalamus, 2) a back longitudinal bunch (fasciculus longitudinalis dorsalis) connecting average group of kernels and a back kernel of a hypothalamus to a tire, 3) the olfactory mezentsefalny bunch connecting bark of the olfactory field with kernels of a gray hillock, 4) a bunch Schultz (a semi-lunar bunch) providing communication between a hypothalamus, a mesencephalon, a myelencephalon and partially back, 5) a soskovidnopokryshechny bunch (fasciculus mamillotegmentalis) connecting a medial kernel of a papillary body, a back kernel of a tire to a hypothalamus, 6) the papillary and thalamic bunch (fasciculus mamillothalamicus) originating in a medial kernel of a papillary body and which is coming to an end in a front kernel of a thalamus, 7) the medullary strips connecting a front hypothalamus to kernels of a lead.

Besides, there are also other efferent pathways, their classifications are various, however it has no basic value as these distinctions only emphasize variety of bonds of a hypothalamus with other departments of a brain.

Afferent ways of a hypothalamus are not less numerous and reflect existence of the extensive information coming to a hypothalamus for providing and regulation of neuroreflex and neurohumoral function. Synthesis of various classifications of these ways allows to reveal more than 12 afferent ways from which it is necessary to call cortical and hypothalamic, olfactory and thalamic, pituitary tuberalnye, pokryshkovo-hypothalamic, etc. The richness of bonds of a hypothalamus with other departments of the central nervous system, and in particular with a thalamus, indicates its extreme physiological importance in regulation of various physiological processes.

A. G. Mazowiecki.

Яндекс.Метрика