From Big Medical Encyclopedia

GIPOSTATURA (Greek hypo-+ lat. statura growth) — a growth inhibition and body weight at children of early age. The term is offered by G. N. Speransky observing this option of frustration of food in days of the Great Patriotic War at some children growing under trying conditions wartime. Develops at children of early age owing to insufficient amount of proteins and polyneuramins a diet.

It is possible to assume that G. arises when at children pre-natal development owing to a hyponutrient of mother was already broken and after the birth they appeared in unfavorable conditions. Lag of children in growth especially clearly comes to light in the course of recovery later hypotrophies (see). The body weight of children corresponds to growth, however considerably lags behind from necessary on age. Deficit of growth depending on age of children fluctuates from 5 to 15 — 20 cm. Children lag behind also in psychomotor development. Under the influence of favorable conditions for the environment and good nutrition the hypodermic fatty layer and turgor of fabrics at children are quickly enough recovered, skin gains normal color, and growth is normalized much more slowly. Children look healthy.

It is necessary to differentiate with the diseases which are followed by a growth inhibition — hypothyroidism (see), a pituitary nanism (see. Dwarfism ), gargoilizm (see), etc.

The term «gipostatur» was not included into the world pediatric nomenclature of diseases yet.

Bibliography: Speransky G. N. and Rosenthal A. S. To classification of chronic frustration of food and digestion, Pediatrics, No. 2, page 66, 1945.

A. F. Tour.