GINETSINSKY Alexander Grigoryevich (1895 — 1962) — the Soviet physiologist, professor (1932), the member correspondent of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (1946), the pupil L. A. Orbeli.
In 1922 Leningrad medical in-t ended the 1st and worked till 1932 as the senior assistant in the 2nd Leningrad medical in-those. In 1932 — 1951 the deputy director Ying-that evolutionary physiology of Academy of Sciences of the USSR managed department of physiology in Leningrad medical pediatric in-those, from 1951 to 1955 in Novosibirsk medical in-those, since 1955, and in 1958 — 1960 directed this institute.
A. G. Ginetsinsky published St. 115 scientific works, including 2 monographs devoted to hl. obr. physiology of neuromuscular system, breath and kidneys. Working under the leadership of L. A. Orbeli, he established that in the tired skeletal muscle working capacity is recovered if along with a motor nerve to irritate the sympathetic nerve going to it (see. Orbeli-Ginetsinsky phenomenon ). Opening of this phenomenon served as the beginning for development of the doctrine about adaptation and trophic function of the autonomic nervous system.
A. G. Ginetsinsky studied a role of acetylcholine in chemical transfer of excitement in a neuromuscular synapse and gave fiziol, the characteristic of holinoretseptivny substance of skeletal muscles in phylo-ontogenetic aspect.
As a result of the conducted researches on physiology of breath A. G. Ginetsinsky obtained new data on features of kislorodsvyazuyushchy function of hemoglobin and mechanisms of adaptation to air hunger. He specified phylo-ontogenetic patterns of development of function of kidneys, studied a ratio of nervous and hormonal factors in regulation of activity of kidneys, and also mechanisms of effect of vasopressin on their concentration function. Together with A. V. Lebedinsky two guides to physiology are written to them. It is awarded the order the Labour Red Banner and medals.
Works: Practical course of physiology, M. — L., 1938 (sovm, with Leybson L. G.); Fundamentals of human physiology and animals, L., 1947 (sovm, with Lebedinsky A. V.); The Course of normal physiology, M., 1956 (sovm, with Lebedinsky A. V.); Physiological mechanisms of water-salt balance, M. — L., 1964; Chemical transfer of nervous impulse and evolution of muscular function, L., 1970.
Bibliography: Alexander Grigoryevich Ginetsinsky, Fiziol, zhurn. USSR, t. 49, No. 5, page 517, 1963; Ivanov a-B e to l e-sh about in and L. F. Bibliography of the main works of A. G. Ginetsinsky, Zhurn, evolyuts. biochemical, and fiziol., t. 1, No. 6, page 488, 1965; Crêpe of E. M idr. Alexander Grigoryevich Ginetsinsky (to the 60 anniversary since birth), Fiziol, zhurn. USSR, t. 42, No. 3, page 325, 1956; Katz B. Prof. A. G. Gine-tzinsky, Nature (Lond.), v. 197, p. 846, 1963.
Ya. D. Finkinstein.