From Big Medical Encyclopedia

GERTVIGA-MAZHANDI SYMPTOM (K. N. of Hertwig — is mute. physiologist, 1798 — 1887; F. Magendie, the fr. neuropathologist, 1783 — 1855) — the special form of the acquired squint which is characterized by a peculiar position of eyes at Krom one eye (on the party of the center of defeat) will be turned from top to bottom and inside, and another up also by knaruzh. Gertvigom in 1826 and Marangdi in 1839 is described. The fact that the dissociated position of eyes remains at all directions of a look is characteristic. Sometimes G. — M. is combined by page with a deviation of the head towards the center of defeat.

— M. the page arises at various defeats (injuries, circulatory disturbances, inflammatory processes, tumors) in the field of a roof of a mesencephalon and other departments of a trunk of a brain, a cerebellum.

See also Squint .

Bibliography: The Arkhangelsk G. V., History of neurology from sources till the 20th century, page 163, M., 1965; J an e n s with h P. And. Be-merkungen zum Hertwig — Magendieschen Syndrom, Klin. We. Augenheilk., Bd 133y S. 866, 1958, Bibliogr.; Magendie M. Lemons sur les fonctions et les maladies du systfcme nerveux, t. 1, P., 1839.

V. V. Mikheyev.