GEORGIAN SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLIC, Georgia — the allied Soviet Socialist Republic. It is located in the center, and zap. parts of Transcaucasia. The area is 69,7 thousand km 2 , the population — 4954 thousand people (1975). Average population density — 71 people on 1 sq.km. The country people make 51%. The main population — Georgians (66,8% on a census of 1970); also Armenians, Russians, Azerbaijanians, Ossetians, Greeks, Abkhazians, etc. are a part of the population. The capital — Tbilisi (1030 thousand zhit., 1976). In structure the Load. SSR the Abkhaz ASSR, Adzharian the ASSR and the South Ossetian autonomous region enter.
The largest cities: Kutaisi (177 thousand zhit.), Rustavi (127 thousand zhit.), Sukhumi (118 thousand zhit.), Batumi (117 thousand zhit.), Poti (54 thousand zhit.). Load. SSR is formed on February 25, 1921. From March 12, 1922 to December 5, 1936 was a part of the Transcaucasian federation; On December 5, 1936 was directly a part of the USSR.
Climate of almost all territory of the republic subtropical with moderately cold winter and in the long hot summer.
Before Great October socialist revolution Georgia was the backward agrarian national suburb of Russia. For years of the Soviet power steady development of all industries of the national economy was resulted by basic changes in structure of economy of the republic. Are created the powerful advanced industry including the modern progressive industries, and technically equipped diversified agriculture.
- 1 The organization of health care
- 1.1 Fight against tuberculosis
- 1.2 Fight against cardiovascular diseases
- 1.3 The oncological help
- 1.4 The Dermatovenerologichesky help
- 1.5 The dental help in
- 1.6 Protection of motherhood and childhood
- 1.7 Medical care of the working industrial enterprises
- 1.8 Medical help to the rural population
- 1.9 Sanitary and epidemiologic service
- 1.10 Sanitary education
- 1.11 Sanatorium help
- 1.12 Pharmaceutical business
- 2 Health care workforce
- 3 Medical education
- 4 The medical science
- 5 The budget
The organization of health care
Before establishment of the Soviet power in Georgia devastating epidemics were noted; the general and child mortality were high. In 1913 per capita allocations for health care made only 90 kopeks a year; there were only 2084 hospital beds, i.e. 8 beds on 10 000 persons. Security with doctors and average medics was extremely low (see tab. 4). Almost there was no extra hospital network. In the village there were only 26 medical sites (132 hospital beds) in which 38 doctors worked. The population was forced to address sorcerers.
Table 4. GROWTH of NUMBER of DOCTORS, AVERAGE HEALTH WORKERS (ALL DEPARTMENTS) And SECURITY with THEM of the POPULATION of GEORGIA from 1913 to 1975.
For years of the Soviet power as a result of progress in development of economy and culture, growth of welfare of a people at large, expansion, deepening and specialization of medical aid considerable improvement of the state of health of the population, increase in average life expectancy of the population of the republic from 32 years in 1913 up to 73 years in 1969 is reached.
Natural movement of the population Load. SSR for years of the Soviet power is characterized by considerable decrease in indicators of the general and child mortality. The population given about the natural movement the Load. SSR is given in tab. 1.
Stationary medical aid to the population appears St. 500 medical institutions. The number of hospital beds increased in the republic since 2084 in 1913 to 48 020 in 1975, or more than by 23 times. The general level of security of the population with hospital beds in system of the Ministry of Health the Load. Reached SSR by 1976 96,9 on 10 thousand people of the population. Especially the number of children's somatic beds, gynecologic, oncological and beds of other profiles increased that is connected with process of active specialization of medical aid. Data on growth of number of hospital beds on specialties in Georgia and security of the population with beds are presented in tab. 2.
Table 1. VITAL RATES of GEORGIA from 1913 to 1975 (on 1000 people)
Table 2. NUMBER of HOSPITAL BEDS ON SPECIALTIES AND SECURITY with THEM of the POPULATION the LOAD. SSR from 1940 to 1975.
Table 3. GROWTH of NUMBER of MEDICAL and DIAGNOSTIC DEPARTMENTS (OFFICES) In TREATMENT AND PREVENTION FACILITIES of the MINISTRY OF HEALTH the LOAD. SSR from 1950 to 1975.
On the basis of the resolution of the Central Committee of the CPSU and Council of ministers of the USSR of July 5, 1968 «N» 517 «About measures for further improvement of health care and development of medical science in the country» is carried out design and construction of large multi-field and specialized hospitals and clinics.
In 1973 the new modern complex of a republican hospital is constructed, the large complex of scientific research institute of oncology, a radiology and medical radiology on 500 beds to Tbilisi, hospitals on 500 beds everyone in Makharadze, in Kutiri of Tsulukidzevsky district, in Vladimirovke of Gulripshsky district, on 400 beds in Zugdidi, on 300 beds in Tskhinvali, on 264 beds in Sagaredzho, etc. are in process of construction. Also construction of hospital of recovery treatment on 520 beds in Tbilisi is begun. In 1975 the hospital case for patients with diseases of an ear, throat and nose also two clinical cases of research institutes of therapy and cardiology are put in operation.
The number of out-patient and polyclinic institutions in Georgia before Great October socialist revolution was so insignificant that most of the working population could not use them. In 1913 in Georgia 12 out-patient clinics, 37 medical and 17 infirmaries functioned. From first years of the Soviet power along with growth of network of medical institutions the network of out-patient clinics and policlinics began to extend. So, only in Tbilisi in 1924 there were already 13 out-patient and polyclinic institutions.
In general for years of the Soviet power the number of extra medical institutions increased with 66 in 1913 till 1345 in 1975, i.e. more than by 20 times.
Since the end of the 60th large multi-profile policlinics, polyclinic departments of hospitals and medical medical units on 800 — 1200 and more visits per shift are under construction; on the basis of these institutions will be organized kardio-revmato logical, endocrinological and other specialized offices, departments and the centers.
Especially in high gear the network of children's out-patient clinics, policlinics and clinics for women develops: the number of these institutions increased with 283 in 1940 to 477 in 1975.
In the republic there are 74 stations of fast and acute medical aid (1975). Only the population of Tbilisi is serviced by 84 crews, the quantity of calls reaches 1600 a day. In the large cities crews of specialized medical aid are created (gynecologic, pediatric, dental, oncological, neurologic and antishock). Cars of ambulance are installed radio.
From first years of the Soviet power in Georgia specialized medical aid began to develop; it gained especially broad development in days of the 9th five-years period (1971 — 1975). In the republic equipment by the medical machinery and equipment of hospitals and out-patient and polyclinic institutions constantly improves. Considerable shifts in equipment happened in connection with development of specialized medical aid to the population. The numbers of medical and diagnostic departments (offices) given about growth in to lay down. - professional, the Load institutions. Are presented to SSR from 1950 to 1975 in tab. 3. In the republic 168 electrocardiographic offices, 117 offices of functional diagnosis, 51 bacteriological, 43 serological, 180 biochemical and 20 cytologic laboratories (1975) function.
Fight against tuberculosis
In the 20th the system of fight against tuberculosis began to be created, the Georgia's first TB facilities will be organized. In 1925 on the basis of out-patient clinic the first city antitubercular clinic in Tbilisi was organized, and in a year the second city antitubercular clinic is open. In 1927 the antitubercular clinic Transcaucasian was organized., antitubercular clinics to Kutaisi and Ozurgeti, the children's house sanatorium in Tbilisi. In 1928 at department of faculty therapy medical f-that Tbilisi state un-that is organized an associate professorship on tuberculosis. In 1930 it is open Tbilisi for in-t of tuberculosis. In 1936 at Tbilisi in-those improvements of doctors the department of tuberculosis is organized. On base in-that and departments of tuberculosis shots of phthisiatricians of Georgia generally grew. In the republic there are 26 antitubercular clinics, 75 offices, 11 tubercular hospitals and 18 specialized sanatoria on 3060 beds for treatment of children (1975). Specialized boarding schools, country boarding schools and children's gardens day nursery are open. For mass inspection of the population the fluorographic center is created. Prevention of tuberculosis by vaccination and a revaccination, and also chemoprophylaxis among the persons which are in contact with TB patients is widely carried out. As a result of carried out: actions incidence of tuberculosis for the last 15 years decreased almost by 3 times.
Fight against cardiovascular diseases
For the organization of the penalties-diorevmatologichesky help to the population and carrying out scientific research in the field of cardiovascular pathology in Tbilisi it was created in 1946. Institute of cardiology. In 1958 the kardiorevma-tologichesky clinic is organized. Vnebol-nichnuyu cardiorheumatological help to the population in the Load system M3. SSR is rendered by 117 cardio-rheumatological offices, and also 117 offices of functional diagnosis and 168 offices of an ECG. The methodical management of network to lay down. - professional, the institutions giving cardiorheumatological and cardiological help carry out 14 interdistrict cardiorheumatological centers. For service of cardiological patients over 430 cardiorheumatological beds, the majority of which is developed on the basis of hospitals, are developed in the republic. In 1968 on base Ying-that experimental therapy the republican infarctive center is organized. Ying t surgeries of the Ministry of Health the Load deal with issues of a heart surgery. SSR, department of chest surgery and department of vascular surgery Tbilisi in-that improvements of doctors.
The oncological help
In 1958 in Tbilisi the scientific research institute of oncology which is the scientific and methodical oncological center is organized. In the republic 6 oncological clinics function. In total 600 oncological and X-ray radiological beds, including 475 beds in hospitals of oncological clinics of the USSR M3 system are developed in the republic (1975). Among the population mass target routine maintenances for the purpose of early detection of precancerous diseases and malignant tumors are widely performed.
The Dermatovenerologichesky help
Before establishment of the Soviet power in Georgia venereal diseases were eurysynusic. Fight against them was not conducted, specialized medical institutions were not, except for only-tsy for women in Tbilisi. In the Load. SSR functions 113 to lay down. - professional, institutions of a dermatovenerologic profile, including 35 dermatovenerologic clinics, from them 22 with hospitals on 1105 beds, 78 departments and offices. In structure to lay down. - the prof. of institutions is available 43 serological laboratories, 358 dermatovenereologists work. The scientific and methodical and coordinating center for fight against dermatovenereal diseases is Dermatovenerologic the in-t, (Tbilisi) organized in 1935, providing advice of this profile to all institutions.
The dental help in
the Dental help in the republic appears 34 dental policlinics (from them 5 nurseries), 713 departments and offices. At schools with number of pupils 800 and above dental offices are organized. For rendering the specialized dental surgical help in the republic 90 beds are developed. The dental help to the population of the mountainous and remote areas, and also cattle breeders on summer and winter pastures are rendered by mobile dental out-patient clinics. The acute dental management to the population appears duty dentists of the station of emergency medical service. In the republic 1973 dentists, 359 dentists and 664 dental technicians work. Since 1950 at Tbilisi in-those improvements of doctors are organized departments of surgical, therapeutic and orthopedic stomatology. Special attention is paid to the dental help to the children's population. The network of children's dental policlinics and offices, hl increases. obr. orthodontic.
Protection of motherhood and childhood
The first obstetrical establishment on 16 beds was open in Tbilisi in 1873. Till 1921 in Georgia there were only 4 women's and 1 children's consultation, belonging to individuals, 3 children's day nursery and 96 obstetric and gynecologic beds.
By the end of 1975 in the republic there were 34 maternity homes (3083 beds), the women's joint consultations — 151; children's policlinics and out-patient clinics — 247. Till 1921 in Georgia there were no milk kitchens, in 1975 there were 31 children's milk kitchens. In 1975 there were 163 city and 148 rural constant day nursery on 9547 places. In 1975 in the Load. 31 children's sanatoria with 2720 beds, from them somatic 19 with 1535 beds were SSR.
Before establishment of the Soviet power for hospitalization of children in Tbilisi there was department on 100 beds at the municipal hospital built on private means. In 1940 there were 1427 beds for sick children (including 1022 beds in infectious-tsakh), and in 1975 — 27 children's hospitals on 3395 beds and, besides, apprx. 3100 children's beds in other hospitals. With increase in number of child care facilities also the number of children's doctors increased. Till their 1921 was 10, and in 1975 — 2333.
In 1951 the scientific research institute of protection of motherhood and the childhood which is base of preparation and professional development of medical staff women's was organized and children's to lay down. - professional, institutions, and also the organizational and methodical center of all obstetric and gynecologic help in the republic.
Medical care of the working industrial enterprises
In the republic there are 14 medical medical units. In hospitals of medical medical units is apprx. 1880 beds (1975). The specialized departments equipped with the modern medical equipment and the equipment are organized. Much attention is paid to the organization and work of shop therapeutic sites.
Medical help to the rural population
After establishment of the Soviet power the network of both the hospital, and out-patient institutions rendering medical aid to country people grows in Georgia. The central regional hospitals are the centers of the qualified medical aid to the population of rural areas; all main specialized departments — therapeutic, surgical, pediatric, gynecologic, otorhinolaryngological, neurologic are presented to them.
The center of the qualified and specialized help to villagers would be republican with advisory policlinic. At hospital there is department of exit emergency and planned and advisory medical aid, a cut is intended for urgent departure of doctors to rural areas for the purpose of consultation, performance of the emergency surgical interventions, and also for delivery of patients in republican hospital. Departments have a dignity. aircraft and motor transport. In rendering the stationary and out-patient and polyclinic help to country people considerable part is taken also by medical city institutions, especially clinics and clinics of medical institutes of the republic.
During 1964 — 1974 the volume of the out-patient and polyclinic and stationary help to country people of Georgia considerably increased and its quality increased.
The material and technical resources of rural medical institutions improved. In areas also policlinics are under construction large, multi-profile-tsy. In 1971 — 1975 32 hospitals on 5850 beds, are constructed of them 26 multi-profile on 3200 beds and 22 district clinics on 5 thousand visits per shift. In 1975 in Georgia 1443 doctors and 7900 average medics worked at the village.
Sanitary and epidemiologic service
Before establishment of the Soviet power especially dangerous infections (plague, cholera, smallpox), and also malaria were widespread in Georgia, from a cut the whole villages became extinct; every third inhabitant was ill it. Epidemics of infectious diseases were an everyday occurrence, but cases of these diseases were not registered.
For years of the Soviet power owing to social and economic transformations, increase in welfare of the population, strengthening of material and technical resources of health care, development of medical science, training of highly qualified specialists and carrying out a complex to lay down. - professional, and a dignity. - epid, actions in the republic a number of infectious diseases is liquidated: cholera, plague, smallpox, diphtheria, malaria. In 1975 in Georgia only in isolated cases poliomyelitis, a malignant anthrax, a brucellosis, tetanus were registered.
Before establishment of the Soviet power in Georgia there was no sanitary and anti-epidemic establishment at all. But at the end of 19 century difficult sanitary situation forced in the cities of Tbilisi, Kutaisi, Sukhumi, Poti, Batumi, Zestafoni, Khashuri, Gori and other places to open quarantine (sanitary) points where the so-called quarantine service was carried out. In 1893 in Tbilisi permanent sanitary inspection (sanitary and medical inspection) which, however, had no legal rights and any material resources was founded. Before held some sanitary and anti-epidemic events created in 1864. The Caucasian medical society with the assistance of the advanced public. In 1913 in Georgia there were only 8 health officers.
By 1975 in the Load. SSR functioned the 100th dignity. - epid, stations, including 3 republican, 1 regional, 66 regional, 2 port, and also 4 disinfection stations, 71 departments of preventive disinfection. In the 86th dignity. - epid, stations there are a bacterial, laboratories. In structure dignity. - a gigabyte. departments republican and regional SES there are toxicological departments and departments physical. - chemical methods of a research, laboratory departments and groups on determination of residual amounts of toxic chemicals in foodstuff. At republican a dignity. - epid, stations are organized shumometrichesky and radio-gramophones, laboratories, virologic departments in structure bacterial, laboratories. In 1975 in institutions a dignity. - epid, services of the republic 1018 doctors and 3270 average medics worked.
Considerable progress in fight against infectious diseases is caused by increase in material well-being of the population, achievements to lay down. - professional, institutions on providing the population with medical aid, holding governmental activities on creation and strengthening a dignity. - epid, services of the republic. Significant progress in fight against a number of infectious diseases is achieved also thanks to broad use of effective prophylactics, system of immunoprevention, the correct organization of inoculative business. In Tbilisi, Rustavi, Kutaisi, Batumi, Zestafoni, Tkvarcheli points on studying of pollution of free air are created by industrial emissions and exhaust gases of motor transport. Practical activities of bodies state go dignity. supervision it is closely connected with activity of staff of research institutes: Scientific research institute of sanitation and hygiene of G. M. Natadze, scientific research institute of occupational health and occupational diseases, scientific research institute of medical parasitology and tropical medicine of S. S. Virsaladze, Tbilisi scientific research institute of vaccines and serums.
Network of institutions of sanitary education in the republic includes 6 houses of sanitary education and 17 regional offices of sanitary education at to lay down. - professional, institutions (1975). In the republic there are 32 doctors and 124 average medics on a dignity. to education. 59 national high fur boots of health in which annually study apprx. 6 thousand persons function. There are 4 national un-that progress of medical science and practice, 152 national schools of health, at which St. 9 thousand people
=== Medical and sports service === study , the Republican medical and sports clinic are the organizational and methodical center. Under its management in the cities 9 medical and sports clinics, 4 offices of medical control and 137 offices work to lay down. physical cultures. The children's medical and sports clinic, one of the first in the USSR, was organized in Georgia (Tbilisi), it has a hospital on 80 beds where children with various disturbances of a musculoskeletal system (1974) are treated.
The variety of a relief of Georgia which caused abundance of various climatic zones (from soft climate of humid subtropics of the Black Sea coast to climate of mountain areas of various high-rise zonalities), existence apprx. 2000 mineral springs (almost all types which are found in the nature) created extremely favorable conditions for broad development of resort business. The richest natural resources of Georgia before establishment of the Soviet power were very little studied, treatment in resorts was the privilege of the well-to-do. As a result of big research and prospecting work, the cut headed the scientific and methodical management Research in-t of balneology and physical therapy of Koniashvili (it is created in 1926), resort richness of the republic was studied and systematized, master plans of development of resorts are developed. In the republic there are 284 sanatoria of various profile and institutions of rest (without one - two-day) with total number of beds of 60,5 thousand Georgia turned into the all-Union health resort giving an opportunity to hundreds of thousands of workers of all federal republics to have a rest and be treated. In resorts of the republic the persons have annually a rest and is treated apprx. 2 million.
Enjoy the greatest popularity among the balneological resorts of Georgia Tsqaltubo (see) with thermal nitrogen-radon water, Mendzhi with hydrogen-sulfide waters, the Tbilisi balneological resort having thermal sulphurous sources, the mud resort of Akhtala. Among drinking resorts are most known Borjomi (see) with gidrokarbonatno-sodium water, to Sairma with hydrocarbonate sodium-calcium water, Dzhava with hydrocarbonate chloride sodium water like Yessentuki-17. Mineral waters of Georgia are used also for treatment in an extra resort situation: pouring of mineral waters from 13 fields is made. The annual production of all plants of the republic on pouring of mineral waters reaches 350 million bottles. From climatic resorts resorts of the Black Sea coast, on a three hundred-kilometer strip to-rogo are especially popular (from the river Chorokhi to the Psou River) coastal health resorts are located — Gagra (see), Kobuleti (see), Cape Verde, New Athos (see), Gudauta, the resort towns of Batumi (see. Batumi group of resorts ), Sukhumi (see. Sukhumi group of resorts ), resort Pitsunda (see), specialized children's resorts At the river and Maltakova. Mountain resorts — Bakhmaro, Lebarda, Bakuriani, Shovi, Avadkhar, so-so mountain are known — Abastumani (see), Tsagveri, Tsemi, low-mountain — Suras, etc.
In pre-revolutionary Georgia was 145 privately owned and 7 hospital drugstores in which 107 pharmacists and 597 assistants to pharmacists worked. They were in the basic in the cities. The country people were almost completely deprived of the medicinal help. There were no enterprises for production of medicines, scientific pharm, institutions and scientific shots in the field of pharmacy. With establishment of the Soviet power in the republic the enterprises of the medical industry were created: Tbilisi chemical and pharmaceutical plant, Batumi chemical and pharmaceutical plant, Tbilisi plant of organoterapevtichesky drugs. In production and control for biol, is engaged in drugs Tbilisi research in-t of serums and vaccines. The pharmacy chain in the republic is widely developed. In 1975 in the Load GAPU M3 system. SSR 580 self-supporting drugstores and 510 pharmaceutical points were available. At to lay down. institutions there were 134 drugstores. The research of quality of drugs was conducted in 18 control and analytical laboratories.
Health care workforce
In 1913 in Georgia 461 doctors worked, by 1975 their quantity increased more than by 44 times, including in the village by 30 times. The number of average medics increased for the same period more than by 70 times (tab. 4).
In Georgia in 1975 the level of security with doctors on 10 thousand people of the population reached 41,1. An indicator of security of the population of the republic with paramedical staff — 100,8 on 10 thousand population.
In pre-revolutionary Georgia was not any higher educational institution. In 1975 in the republic, in addition to Academy of Sciences the Load. SSR, university, research in-t of various profiles, there were medical in-t, in-t of improvement of doctors and 22 medical research in-that. In 1930 on the basis of medical faculty Tbilisi un-that the medical institute was formed (see. The Tbilisi medical institute) which by 1975 produced more than 18 thousand specialists. In 1935 it was based Tbilisi state by in-t of improvement of doctors, annually go specialization and improvement in 20 various specialties to 1200 doctors to Krom. In-that received specialization for life time or over 40 thousand doctors improved skills. 13 medical schools of the republic produced in 1975 on professions of the nurse, paramedic, midwife, laboratory assistant more than 2 thousand people.
The medical science
the Georgian medicine has long historical traditions. In 17 — 18 centuries celebrated by rise in national culture original works on medicine appeared. After accession of Georgia to Russia on the Georgian medical science the great impact was exerted by the Russian, and also the Western European medicine. However colonial policy of a tsarism limited its development. With establishment of the Soviet power in Georgia snowballing of medical science and preparation of national scientific medical shots began.
In 1933 at Tbilisi state. university on the basis of physiological laboratory on an initiative And. S. Beritashvili was based Institute of experimental biology which in 1935 was renamed into Institute of physiology of the prof. I. S. Beritashvili, in Krom researches on problems of human physiology and animals, molecular biology, biophysics, biochemistry and radiobiology are conducted, and also topical issues of applied medicine are studied. Since 1965 efforts of scientists of Institute of physiology of the academician I. S. Beritashvili are directed to clarification of mechanisms of memory, its various disturbances and influence of pharmacological means. At institute it was begun and afterwards the biophysical direction of researches gained broad development.
Scientists of Georgia work on problems of a pathophysiology of cardiovascular system, study features of enzymatic systems of heart and other bodies in the course of aging, change of a functional condition of an aorta, heart and a thyroid gland and morfol, shifts in them at atherosclerosis, immunol, features of a cardiac muscle at a streptococcal infection. Ying t of neurology carries out works on an electrophysiology of experimental epilepsy and is head in the country on this problem. Research in-t of medical parasitology and tropical medicine «balanthidiasis» is head on problems of «ankilostomidoza». Ying t is educational base for seminars of WHO. Research in-volume of obstetrics and gynecology methods of direct recording of the electrocardiogram, an encephalogram and a reogramma of a fruit are developed. In Ying-those therapies researches on a problem of coronary insufficiency and a myocardial infarction are conducted, in particular the algorithm on forecasting of a myocardial infarction is developed. Ying t is research base and the help center WHO for epidemiology of cardiovascular diseases. Wide-ranging epidemiological studies allowed to study features of spread of a hypertension in Georgia and to create classification of this disease, progressive for the time. In Ying-those oncology methods of early diagnosis of tumors of various localizations are developed, possibilities of an immunotherapy of tumors, the main patterns of a porazhayemost of the population are studied by malignant tumors. Researches Ying-that psychiatry concern studying of thin very tectonics of a brain normal and pathologies, and also sinapsoarkhitektonik. In Ying-those experimental and clinical surgery the rational method of imposing of an interbronchial anastomosis, some options of reconstructive operations on bronchial tubes are developed, the method of a local hypothermia of a stomach at profuse gastroduodenal bleedings is implemented, etc. In research in-ta of the republic a number of original medical devices is created. Researches Ying-that pharmacochemistry of AN Load. Are directed to SSR of I. G. Kutateladze to receiving effective medicines.
Big merits in development of medical science belong to scientists: A.S. Aladashvili, N. V. A of a ntelav, M. M. Asatiani, S. S. Virsaladze, N. S. Kakhiani, N. A. Kipshidze, I. G. Koniashvili, N. I. Makhviladze, G. M. Mukhadze, V. M. Tsinamdzgvarishvi - whether, Ya. P. Tsulukidze, K. D. Eristavi, etc. The significant contribution to development of the Soviet medical science was made by scientists D. M. Gedevanishvili, O. N. Gudushauri, N. A. Dzhavakhishvili, A. D. Zurabashvili, H. N. Kipshidze, M. E. Komakhidze, G. M. Maruashvili, D. G. Mamatavrishvili, V. M. Okudzhava, I. K. Pipiya, P. M. Saradzhishvili, S. N. Hechinashvili, G. D. Hundadze, K. V. Chachava, S. N. Chekhinashvili, etc.
Scientists of Georgia actively participate in the international organizations: K. D. Eristavi is elected by the honorary member Czechoslovak AN, A. D. Zurabashvili — the member of the international organization for studying of a brain, P. M. Saradzhishvili — the WHO expert on epilepsy, G. M. Maruashvili — the WHO expert on parasitology.
In 1975 in the republic in the field of medical science more than 2 thousand research associates, from them 1092 candidates and 283 doctors of medical sciences worked. In the Load. SSR is available 158 science medical foundations.
considerable allocations are annually allocated For health care, development of medical science and preparation of medical shots. The budget of health care of the republic continuously grows. So, in 1971 it made 161,4 million rubles, and in 1974 — 188,2 million rubles. Per capita in a year 39 rub 98 kopeks were necessary.
Bibliography: 50 years of the Soviet Georgia, Statistical collection, Tbilisi, 1971; Shengelia M. S. History of medicine of Georgia, Tbilisi, 1967.
I. Sh. Zedgenidze.