GENLE Friedrich (Henle Friedrich Gustav Jacob, 1809 — 1885) — the German anatomist and the pathologist, the doctor of medicine (1837), the doctor of philosophy and jurisprudence.
Got an education in Heidelberg (1826) and the Bonn (1828) high fur boots. Till 1832 worked in Bonn, since 1832 in Paris, since 1834 — in Berlin. Since 1840 taught anatomy in Zurich, and since 1852 until the end of life was the director Anatomicheskogo in-that in Goettingen.
F. Genle is an author more than 200 scientific works, including the large guides and monographs to anthropotomy. Wide popularity got after publication of the works «General Anatomy» (1841), «To anatomy of a kidney» (1863), «Systematic anatomy» (1871 — 1879), «Fundamentals of anthropotomy» (1880). F. Genle described loops of renal tubules (ansae Henle) which are carrying out the return absorption of water, sugar and salts from primary urine. Discovery of tubular glands in a conjunctiva a century, glands in a mucous membrane of bronchial tubes is connected with his name; it gave the detailed description of a structure of a wall of vessels, seed tubules, linking of a rachis, adrenal glands, and also an anatomic structure of hair sacks and showed its communication with process of growth of hair. It specified system of branching of a bronchial tree.
F. Genle was one of founders of the Zeitschrift fur rationale Medizin magazine issued from 1844 to 1867.
Works: De membrana pupillari aliisque oculi membranis pellucentibus observationes anatomicae, Bonnoe, 1832; Allgemeine Anatomie, Lpz., 1841; Handbuch der ratio-nellen Pathologie, Bd 1 — 2, Braunschweig, 1846 — 1853; Zur Anatomie der Niere, Gottingen, 1863; Systematische Anatomie, Bd 1 — 2, Braunschweig, 1871 — 1879; Ana-tomischer Handatlas, Braunschweig, 1876, 1895—1896; Grundriss der Anatomie des Menschen, Braunschweig, 1880.
Bibliography: Dictionary of scientific biography, ed. by Ch. C. Gillispie, v. 6, p. 268, N. Y., 1972, bibliogr.; HaberlingW. From the life of Jacob Henle, Med. Life, v. 36, p. 501, 1929.
D. D. Ivanov.