GARRE Karl (Garre Carl, 1857 — 1928) — the German surgeon. After completion of medical education in Bern (1882) worked as the surgeon in Sant'-Gallene and Basel, then in Tuebingen (1888 — 1894) for P. Bruns.
Since 1894 — professor in Rostock, since 1901 — in Konigsberg, since 1905 in Breslau, and from 1907 to 1928 — in Bonn.
K. Garre is the author of numerous works on the general and specialty surgery, field surgery, bacteriology, orthopedics, oncology and therapy. In a number of works on bacteriology he pointed to value of a droplet and air infection in emergence of inflammatory processes. It described a special form of sclerosing osteomyelitis (1893), edges is called by his name (see. Osteomyelitis ). He was engaged also in studying of an anesthesia, transplantation of fabrics, injuries of a skull, elephantiasis and kostnosustavny tuberculosis.
K. Garre's works on surgery of lungs («Lung operations», «Pulmonary fistulas») and kidneys («About piyelo-and nephrotomies») are most known, to surgical treatment of diseases of a gullet, throat and tumors of a mediastinum, belly surgery. Paid to studying of a craw, eurysynusic among the population of the mountain cantons of Switzerland much attention, and the first made removal of a thyroid gland for the purpose of treatment of a bazedovy disease.
K. Garre is known as the author and the editor of textbooks, atlases and the multivolume managements. He was also an editor of a number of surgical magazines of Germany.
Works: In ei trage zur Leberchirurgie, Bruns’ Beitr. klin. Chir., Bd 4, S. 181, 1889; &tiber besondere Formen und Folgezustnde der acuten infectiosen Osteomyelitis, ibid., Bd 10, S. 241, 1893; tiber Osophagusre-sektion und Osophagoplastik, Arch. klin. Chir., Bd 57, S. 719, 1898; Nierenchirurgie, B., 1907 (sovm, with Ehrhardt O.); La strum-ectomie dans la maladie de Basedow, ses rGsultats 61oign6s, Presse m6d., p. 129, 1908; Lehrbuch der Therapie innerer Krankheiten, Jena, 1911 u. 1926 — 1927 (sovm. with Krause P., Russian lane, Saratov, 1912); Lungenemphysem, Ergebn. Chir. Orthop., Bd 4, S. 265, 1912; Grundriss der Lungen-chirurgie, Jena, 1912 (sovm, with Quincke H.); Lehrbuch der Chirurgie, Lpz., 1920, B., 1941 (sovm, with Borchard A., the Russian lane, M. — L., 1935); Handbuch der praktischen Chirurgie, Stuttgart, 1921 — 1923 (sovm, with other).
Bibliography: Eschweiler R., S. of Garr6 ais beratender Chirurg, Feldzugserin-nerungen (zu seinem 70. Geburstage), Bruns’ Beitr. klin. Chir., Bd 141, S. 391, 1927; Borchard A. <Cari Garr5, Dtsch. med. Wschr. S. 709, 1928.
And. H. Belov.