GAMBIA

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

GAMBIA, the Republic of The Gambia — the state in Zap. To Africa. The territory — 11,3 thousand km 2 . Population of 520 thousand people (1975). The capital of Bandzhul (41 thousand zhit., 1974). Ofits. language — English.

Gambia. On the right above — a geographical location (it is specified by an arrow) in the Western Africa.

Since 1965 — the independent country, since 1970 — the republic. The head of state — the president. — the member of the British Commonwealth of Nations (it is shaven.).

G.'s territory — the low plain. The climate is equatorial, monsoonal. A rainy season — from June to October, dry — from November to May. Average temperature of July in Bandzhule 27 °, February 23 °. An annual amount of precipitation — 750 — 1500 mm a year.

— economically underdeveloped agrarian country. Agriculture and the industry specialize in cultivation and processing of a peanut. The most part of the industrial enterprises belongs private, hl. obr. English, to the companies.

The main population — raspberry, a fulba, volofo. The regular accounting of vital rates and incidence in G. is not kept. In 1965 — 1970 (for 1000 the population) birth rate made 42,5, the general mortality — 23,1, a natural increase of the population — 19,4; child mortality — 82,6 (1967) on 1000 live-born. Average life expectancy 41 years.

In structure of incidence of the population infectious and parasitic diseases prevail. Malaria, tuberculosis, a frambeziya, trachoma are eurysynusic, went. - kish. infections, leprosy, diseases of belkovovitaminny insufficiency. The central and east regions of G. are endemic on an urinogenital schistosomatosis. In 1974 394 cases, by measles — 1024 and dysentery — 1743 cases were registered diseases of whooping cough.

In 1966 in G. there were 5 hospitals on 488 beds, from them 3 general hospitals on 447 beds (therapeutic — 189 beds, surgical — 76, psychiatric — 42, obstetric and gynecologic — 72, for patients with a leprosy — 31, tuberculosis — 21, etc.) and 2 rural hospitals on 41 beds. The basic to lay down. institution — hospital in Bandzhule (212 beds). Polyclinic help was given in 25 clinics.

In 1969 in the country 19 doctors worked (1 doctor on 19 thousand zhit.), 96 medical assistants, 78 midwifes, 83 assistants to the midwife, 24 assistants to the nurse, 23 laboratory assistant and assistant to the laboratory assistant.

The budget of health care in 1972 made 8,1% of the nation-wide budget.


Bibliography: Countries of the world, Short political and economic reference book, page 201, M., 1974; Demographic yearbook 1971, p. 125, N. Y., 1972; West African directory 1967 — 1968, p. 64, L., 1967; World Health Statistics Annual 1969, v. 3, p. 4, 104, Geneva, 1973.

A. A. Rozov

Яндекс.Метрика