GABON, the Gabonese Republic — the state in the Central Africa. The territory — 267,6 thousand km 2 . Population of 530 thousand people (1975). Ofits. language — French. The capital — Libreville (112 thousand zhit.). The former colony of France, in 1958 received internal autonomy as the member state fr. Communities. The B of 1960 declared independence. The head of state — the president.
Apprx. 85% of the territory it is covered with rainforests. Climate hot and wet. Annual average t ° 25 °. A dry season since June — July till August — September.
The economy is developed poorly. Agriculture does not provide completely the cities and industrial centers with food. The mining industry is developed (first of all extraction of manganese and uranium ore). Foreign, hl. obr. French, the capital keeps key positions in national economy.
The main population — to a bow. Vital rates in 1965 — 1970 (on 1000 people): birth rate — 32,5, the general mortality — 25,0, a natural increase — 7,5, child mortality — 129 on 1000 live-born.
A priority of health care of G. is fight against malaria, tuberculosis and a leprosy. Incidence of measles (2473 cases in 1970, 2244 — in 1974), poliomyelitis and a meningococcal infection increased (23 and 14 cases in 1970, 31 and 70 cases respectively in 1974). There are natural centers of yellow fever, there are centers of an intestinal schistosomatosis in Libreville, valleys of the nek-ry rivers. The trypanosomiasis meets.
In G. there is a Ministry of public health care and population. The country is divided into 9 regions of public health care headed by medical specialists, in charge of medical service and carrying out protivoepid, actions. 9 regions combine 35 medical areas having-tsu or the center of health headed by the doctor. In the area there is a network of out-patient clinics led by the nurse. In 1969 in G. would be 44 on 4995 beds (52,6 beds on 10 000 people), from them 31 state (3146 beds). Near Lambarene it is located-tsa, based by A. Schweitzer. Extra hospital help in 1969 was given by out-patient departments of BC, the centers of health care, 90 clinics, 8 mobile medical crews. There were 40 centers of protection of motherhood and the childhood, 3 dental surgery departments, 9 psychiatric and 7 antileprotic clinics, 2 out-patient clinics for treatment of a trypanosomiasis and 1 dignity. - a gigabyte. laboratory. Actions (in 1972 80,7 thousand — against yellow fever, 23,7 thousand — against measles, 141,9 thousand — BTsZh are done to 142 thousand vaccination against smallpox) are held protivoepid.
In 1971 in G. 96 doctors, 15 druggists, 10 assistants to druggists, 75 midwifes and 24 assistants to midwifes, 256 nurses, 567 assistants to nurses, the 2nd dignity worked. engineer, 23rd dignity. inspectors.
In 1973 the sum of working expenses on health care made 5,6% of the budget of the country.
Bibliography: The fourth review of a condition of health care in the world (1965 — 1968), page 83, Geneva, WHO, 1973; Africa 71, reference volume on the african continent, p. 254, N. Y., 1970; The Europa yearbook 1971, v. 2, p. 516, L., 1971; World Health Statistics Annual 1969, v. 3, p. 4 a. o., Geneva, 1973; World Health Statistics Annual 1971, v. 3, Geneva, 1975; World Health Statistics Report, v. 28, No. 2, p. 50 a. o., 1975.
V. B. Tsybulsky.