FRIEDLAND Mikhail Osipovich (1888 — 1967) is the Soviet traumatologist-orthopedist. zasl. scientist of RSFSR.
Ended medical f-t Kazan un-that in 1911. In 1921 protected dokt. the thesis on «About Pathology of Bilateral Pheumothorax»; professor (1924).
Since 1920 the department chair of orthopedics Ying-that improvements of doctors in Kazan, edges in p wasps ice at yushchy in l and-las in Tatar (nowadays Kazan) in-t of traumatology and orthopedics. From 1937 to 1953 the department chair of traumatology and orthopedics of the CCP. In 1940 was one of organizers and the first director Central in-that prosthetics and Min-va prosthetic engineering of social security of RSFSR.
M. O. Friedland is the author of St. 200 works on the general surgery, traumatology and orthopedics, bone tuberculosis. It developed original methods of an artificial ankylosis of humeral and talocrural joints, operations for habitual dislocation of a patella (see) and a shoulder (see. A shoulder joint), a method alcohol - novocainic blockade at various diseases and injuries of the musculoskeletal device (see. Novocainic blockade), a method of artificial decalcification of bones at treatment of chronic osteomyelitis, a so-called podometrp-chesky method of a research of elastic vibrations of the arch of foot (see Podometr iya), it laid the theoretical foundation of creation of prostheses (see Prosthetics). It possesses the fundamental management «Orthopedics» which sustained 5 editions. He was a coauthor of the multivolume guides to surgery, traumatology and orthopedics.
M. O. Friedland was elected the deputy of the Leningrad regional council of deputies of workers of Moscow of the first convocation, was a member of the Academic council of min.-stv health care of the USSR and RSFSR, the chairman of the Academic council Min-va of social security of RSFSR, the chairman Moscow about-va herbs-matologov-orthopedists, the editor «Surgery» of the second BME edition redotdet.
«Sign of Honour» and medals is awarded the order.
Works: General orthopedics, 1st prod., Kazan, 1928; Private orthopedics, Kazan, 1932; Purulent osteomyelitis (hematogenous and fire), M., 1946; Alcohol-novokaino-vaya blockade as method of controlling with pain and a muscular hypertension, Surgery, Kya 8, page 27, 1952; Orthopedics, 5th prod., M., 1954; About arthroses, Surgery, No. 6, page 25, 1955; About elastic vibrations of the longitudinal arch of foot under various conditions of its functional load, Ortop. and travmat., No. 1, page 37, 1955; Features of a course of fractures at persons of senile age, in the same place, «Na 6, page 9, 1964.
Bibliography: Vinzent and N and K. M.
and M about a rozov of E. M. Mikhail Osipovich Friedland, Ortop. and travmat., No. 11, page 78, 1976; Sh at l at t to about L. I. About * a fessor M. O. Friedland (To the 70 anniversary since birth), in the same place, No. 4, page 81, 1958,
B. P. Morozov,