FOLBORT Georgy Vladimirovich

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

FOLBORT Georgy Vladimirovich (1885 — 1960) is the Soviet physiologist, the academician of AN of USSR (1951), zasl. scientist of USSR (1953), I. P. Pavlov's pupil.


In 1909 ended VMA. In 1912 protected dokt. the thesis on the subject «Inhibitory Conditioned Reflexes». In

1912 — 1926 worked at department of physiology of VMA, and from 1923 to 1926 at the same time was professor of department of physiology of the Leningrad university. In 1926 — 1945 the department chair of physiology Kharkiv medical in-that. In Kharkiv organized and headed department of physiology of Ukrainian in-that experimental medicine, laboratory of conditioned reflexes in Ukrainian Psychoneurological in-those, laboratories of physiology of Ukrainian in-that food and Ukrainian in-that endocrinology. In 1946 — 1960 department chair of normal physiology Kiev medical in-that and manager. department of higher nervous activity and trophic functions Ying-that physiology of the Pilgrim of AN of USSR.

G. V. Folbort is the author of the St. 130 scientific works devoted to hl. obr. to problems of physiology of century of N of, digestion and physiology of processes of exhaustion and recovery. Negative conditioned reflexes were opened for them, to-rykh formation of temporary communication on the basis of braking in the centers of a cerebral cortex is the cornerstone. It gave the physiological analysis of process of secretion and receipt in intestines of bile, having developed a method of a double bilious fistula (see. Gall bladder); proved that fibers of a celiac nerve are secretory for a stomach. He studied also physiological role of the secrets allocated by a peloric part of a stomach. For a dietetics and therapy the researches of effect of vegetable juice and nek-ry other feedstuffs, and also atropine conducted by G. V. Folbort on gastric secretion have great value. It determined the main consistent patterns of exhaustion and recovery of function («rule Fol-borta»), the general for various bodies (see Exhaustion, Rest). Approaches to theoretical justification of the rational modes of activity of various systems of an organism allowed to determine these consistent patterns. In the last years of life G. V. Folbort was engaged with studying of the trace phenomena in bark and problems of the second alarm system (see. Alarm systems). In 1942 it is conferred I. P. Pavlov's award to Academy of Sciences of the USSR for researches in the field of physiology of exhaustion and recovery.


G. V. Folbort was an editor of a redotdel «Physiology» of the 2nd BME edition.

It is awarded by the Order of Lenin and medals.

Works: Inhibitory conditioned reflexes, yew., SPb., 1912; To a technique of observation over biliary secretion and over its exit in a 12-perstny gut, Russian fiziol. zhurn., t. 1, century 1-2, page 63, 1917; About exhaustion of sialadens at their activity, in the same place, t. 7, century 1-6, page 113, 1924; The Physiological picture of processes of exhaustion and recovery of bodies, in book: Fiziol. processes of exhaustion and recovery, under the editorship of G. V. Folbort, page 5, Kharkiv, 1941; Adaptation and trophic influence of a sympathetic nervous system on ferruterous bodies, Fiziol. zhurn. USSR, t. 33, No. 5, page 627, 1947; Main directions of our works on higher nervous activity, Zhurn. vyssh. nervn. deya-teln., t. 9, century 4, page 481, 1959; Chosen works, Kiev, 1962.

Bibliography: Kvass D. G. and Fedorov Grotto A. K. Physiological school of I. P. Pavlov, page 257, L., 1967; P r and x about d to about in and E. K. and Ways of l and N. I. K N to the 70 anniversary since birth and to the 50 anniversary of scientific, pedagogical and public work of the prof. G. V. Folbort, in book: Fiziol. nervn. processes, under the editorship of A. M. Vorobyov, page 5, Kiev, 1955. N. I. Putilin.

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