From Big Medical Encyclopedia

FYShER-VAZELS Berngard (Fi-scher-Wasels Bernhard, 1877 — 1941) is the German pathologist.

Ended medical f-t Bonn un-that in 1900. Since 1903 the privatdozent, since 1908 professor of pathological anatomy of academy in Cologne and the prosector of hospital August, and then Zenkenbergsky's director in-that pathologies in Frankfurt am Main. Since 1914 professor of pathological anatomy and the general pathology Frankfurt un-that (in 1930 — 1931 the rector un-that).

Scientific research B. Fischer-Vazelsa is devoted to problems of disturbances of blood circulation, an inflammation, and also emergence and spread of malignant tumors. He created so-called regenera-tsionno - the mutational theory of development of tumors, according to a cut emergence of the young breeding cells in the conditions of action of oncogenous factors leads to formation of a tumor. In 1936 it formulated several patterns of a pathogeny of malignant tumors — «the law of stage of latency of formation of a tumor», «the law of primacy of fabric damage with the subsequent long regeneration», «the law of formation of a tumoral rudiment» (see the Carcinogenesis). He investigated also genetic problems of oncology. B. Fischer-Vazelsa interested the general questions of biology and medicine, in particular his work «Vitalism and pathologists I» is known (1924).

Works: Sektionskurs, Wiesbaden, 1919; Vita-lismus und Pathologie, B., 1924 (Russian lane, M., 1926); Allgemeine Geschwulstlehre,

Handb. norm. u. path. Physiol., hrsg.

v. A, Be the u. a., Bd 14, Hft 2, T. 2, S.

1341, B., 1927; Die Gasbehandlung bosartiger Geschwiilste, Miinchen, 1930; Vererbung und Krebsforschung, Lpz., 1931.

Bbliogr.: Gruber G.

B. Fischer-Wasels B., in book: Neue dtsch. Biographic, Bd 5, S. 213, B., 1961.

L. A. Stankievich.