FILIMONOV Ivan Nikolaevich (1890 — 1966) is the Soviet neuropathologist and the neuromorphologist, the academician of AMH (1960), zasl. scientist
of RSFSR (1947).
Ended medical f-t Moscow un-that in 1914 then worked in clinic of nervous diseases un-that at first as the assistant, and then the associate professor under the leadership of G. I. Ros-solimo. In 1921 protected dokt. the thesis on the subject «Traumatic Neurosis on Materials of War of 1914 — 1918 Years».
I. N. Filimonov took part in the organization Moscow in-that a brain (nowadays scientific research institute of a brain of All-Union scientific center of mental health of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences) where from 1927 to 1958 there was a deputy director on science, and from 1958 to 1966 the manager. morphological department. Along with 1932 for 1958 consistently headed departments of nervous diseases in the Ukrainian psychoneurological academy in Kharkiv (nowadays Kharkiv scientific research institute of neurology and psychiatry of
V. P. Protopopov M3 of USSR), the 3rd
MMI (nowadays Moscow medical dental in-t) and the 2nd MMI.
I. N. Filimonov is the author of St. 100 scientific works, including 6 monographs. It described the syndrome of a pontinny form of pseudobulbar paralysis (see) which received the name «Filimonov's syndrome», subcortical epilepsy with extrapyramidal attacks, pathological changes of a pale sphere at a double athetosis (see the Athetosis double), pathomorphologic changes of c. the N of page at a lathyrism (see), proved that pyramidal ways begin not only from Bets's cells, but also from other pyramidal cells of a motor zone of a cerebral cortex. It designed a number of devices for studying of reflexes and a muscle tone. I. N. Filimonov paid special attention to researches of cytovery tectonics of a cerebral cortex (see Very tectonics of a cerebral cortex), to its development in filo-and ontogenesis, proved dominance of individual variability of a brain over racial. On the basis of cytovery tectonic researches, detailed studying of a comparative anatomy and ontogenesis of a rhinencephalon it created classification of the main cortical territories (new, old and ancient bark). I. N. Filimonov proved the principle of multifunctionality of cortical formations, created the concept of a consecutive and simultaneous mnogoztapnost of cortical functions, to-rye steel fundamental in neuropathology.
I. N. Filimonov was an editor-in-chief of a redotdel «Neurology» of the 2nd prod. BME, member of editorial council of the «Neuropathology and Psychiatry of S. S. Korsakov» magazine, associate editor of the Clinical Medicine magazine.
It is awarded by the Order of Lenin and medals.
Works: To the characteristic psevdobulbar-
ny paralyzes of bridge localization, Iyevrol. zap., t. 2, page 16, 1923; KHnische Beitrage zur Tonus Problem, Z. ges. Neurol. Psychiat., Bd 96, S. 368, 1925; Motorische Anfalle bei Erkrankungen des extrapyrami-dalen Systems, ibid., Bd 97, S. 504, 1925; Zur embryonalen und postembryonalen Entwicklung der Grosshirnrinde des Men-sehen, J. Psychol. Neurol. (Lpz.), Bd 39, S. 323, 1929;
Uber die Variability der Grosshirnrindestruktur, ibid., Bd 45, S. 66, 1933; Comparative anatomy of bark of a great brain of mammals, M., 1949;
Localization of functions in bark of big hemispheres and I. P. Pavlov's doctrine about higher nervous activity, Klin, medical, t. 29, century 6, page 5, 1951; Evolution of bark
of big hemispheres and I. P. Pavlov's doctrine about higher nervous activity, Zhurn. vyssh. nervn. deyateln., t. 1, century 4, page 506, 1951; Comparative anatomy
of a great brain of reptiles, M., 1963;
Chosen works, M., 1974.
Bibliography: B of l and N to about in S. M.,
And. II. Filimonov about localization of functions in a brain, Zhurn. neuropath, and psikhiat., t. 71, century 5, page 762, 1971; Preob
razhensky II. S. Ivan Nikolaevich Filimonov (To the 90 anniversary since birth), in the same place, t. 81, century 3, page 432, 1981.
«JI. A. Kukuyev.