From Big Medical Encyclopedia

FIELD CAMP — the auxiliary production and housing complex created by collective farms and state farms on land arrays, remote from settlements, for a temporary residence and cultural rest of collective farmers and working production teams during hard field works and also for storage, preventive maintenance and repair of farm vehicles and the equipment for the purpose of reduction of unproductive expenses of operating and personal time of workers by moving to the place of work and back, on movement of farm vehicles.

Items of page can be temporary, developed in mobile cars or tents, and constants — with stationary constructions of production, zhilishchnobytovy and economic appointment. The choice of type P. of page and its placement are caused by an intraeconomic design of collective farm or state farm, production tasks and klimatogeografichesky conditions.

It is reasonable to item of page to place in the center of the processed land arrays on the sublime site with the level of standing of subsoil waters it is not higher than 3 m from the Earth's surface, a quiet relief and biases within 1 — 5% for a drain of rain waters, it is desirable near the green plantings and reservoirs suitable for bathing. Protection against the dominating winds is provided with a land relief and green plantings. For decrease in dust content of air and noise level of P. of page moves away from passable roads with heavy traffic of transport on distance not of m hoarfrost of 100 m, on perimeter the strip of green plantings from the dominating winds 20 — 40 m wide is created. The major condition at the choice of the site is existence of a source of water supply. The size of the site, quantity and purpose of constructions, their relative positioning are defined by the nature of production, the size and structure of crew acting a gigabyte. standards. P.'s territory of page is divided into inhabited and proizvodstvennokhozyaystvenny zones. The sanitary gap between them shall be not less than 50 m.

Scheme of a field camp: 1 — a workshop of technical leaving, 2 — the platform for regulation of nodes of cars, 3 — an underground fire tank, 4 — parkings, 5 — the platform for a wash of machines, 6 — an oil storage, 7 — the field house of crew, 8 — the stand for placement of elements of evident propaganda and newspapers, 9 — a well, 10 — shower on two horns, clothes, umyvalnya and a toilet, 11 — sports grounds, 12 — a shed with a cellar, 13 — a stable with a canopy for transport stock.

In a residential zone (fig.) there are inhabited and administrative and cultural rooms placed in separate lodges or blocked in one building (the brigade house) — kitchen with the lunch hall, storerooms for storage of foodstuff, linen and stock, refrigerators or a glacier, shower, rooms for drying and cleaning of overalls, toilets. Besides, in the territory of a residential zone the source of water supply, a cellar, sports grounds and other constructions of cultural and community appointment are located. A set of rooms, their sizes depend on number and a floor of working. The great value should be given to collecting, removal and neutralization of sewage and garbage. At non-compliance with hygienic rules they can be a source of developing of infectious diseases (see. Cleaning of the inhabited places ).

In a production zone place a workshop, a garage, a canopy or the open area for storage of the equipment, the observation deck, a warehouse of fuels and lubricants.

P.'s territory of page and a zone of a gap between residential and production buildings are planted trees and shrubs. For gardening it is reasonable to plant fruit trees, bushes, long-term herbs. Entrances to P. page, walking paths shall have a hard coating. Artesian wells, tubular or mine wells, a piping with the sanitary protection zone with a radius not less than 30 m and water meeting the requirements of the operating GOST «Drinking Water» can be a source of water supply. It is in exceptional cases allowed to use the imported water delivered in the special tanks answering a gigabyte. to requirements. Norm of water consumption in these cases not less than 30 — 40 l a day on one person.

Villages will organize food on constant P. in dining rooms, and — in cars kitchens or food deliver to temporary in thermoses. Points of food, delivery and storage of foodstuff, preparation and implementation of food on a field camp shall meet the requirements acting a dignity. rules for catering establishments in rural areas. The persons which underwent medical examination, vaccination and passed test on a dignity are allowed to work on points of food of a field camp. to a minimum. Medical - a dignity. P.'s service by the village will be organized by the territorial principle and carried out by infirmaries, health centers, local medical out-patient clinics and-tsami, the personnel to-rykh acquaint machine operators about a dignity. by a minimum concerning occupational health, food and personal hygiene, the dignity carries out preparation. asset (dignity. posts, public dignity. inspectors), trains in rendering most and mutual assistance, exercises control of a sanitary condition of P. of page, working conditions, life, food and water supply. During hard field works on large P. the page will organize temporary first-aid posts. Current and precautionary dignity. supervision of the choice of the site, a source of water supply, construction and P.'s maintenance of page is carried out a dignity. paramedics of local BCs and medical out-patient clinics and specialists of SES. Daily control for a dignity. P.'s condition of page carries out public a dignity. inspectors and members dignity. posts, working under the leadership of the paramedic or the doctor.

Bibliography: N. Ya hoofs. Experience of the organization of the medical and sanitary help to workers of state farms, M., 1971; L and x N about E. S. Sanitary improvement of a field camp, Kiev, 1977; Maruflenko V. 3., etc. Field camps (household constructions), Kiev, 1975; Romanenko A. E. Health protection of toilers of the village, Owls. zdravookhr., No. 11, page 23, 1977.

C.X. Nikolov.